Khura: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Khura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Khura (खुर) is a variation of Tin (Vaṅga), according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. It is considered superior over the other variation (miśra) and recommended for medicinal use. Tin itself is a metal (dhātu/loha) from the sub-group named Pūtiloha.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Khurā (खुरा):—Hooves

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

khura : (nt.) 1. a razor; 2. hoof (of an animal).

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Khura, 2 (Vedic kṣura, to kṣṇu, kṣṇoti to whet, kṣṇotra whetstone; cp. Gr. xnau/w scrape, cu/w shave, Lat. novacula razor. The Pali Dhtp (486) gives as meanings “chedana & vilekhana”) a razor Vin. II, 134; S. IV, 169 (tiṇha a sharp r.) DhA. II, 257.

2) Khura, 1 (Vedic khura) the hoof of an animal Vv 6410 (of a horse=turagānaṃ khuranipāta, the clattering of a horse’s hoof VvA. 279), cp. Sk. kṣura, a monkey’s claw Sp. AvŚ I. 236.

khura-kāse M. I, 446, read (with Neumann) for khura-kāye, “in the manner of dragging (kṛṣ) the hoofs. ” (Page 238)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

khura (खुर).—m S A hoof. See the derivative khūra.

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khurā (खुरा) [or ऱ्या, ṛyā].—m An instrument of farriers, goldsmiths, and other smiths, a sort of anvil. Otherwise called vaṭāṅga & sandhana. 2 (khurā, not khuṛyā) The heel (of a shoe or sandal).

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khūra (खूर).—m (khura S) A hoof. 2 A common term for the two divisions of a hoof. 3 A foot (of a bedstead, couch, teacady). 4 The knobs of earth upon the top of a cūla or cooking stove, also the angular turrets of the square enclosure in which the tuḷasī is planted, are severally calledkhūra. 5 (Or khurakī) The excrescence under the hoofs and the horny substance at the heels (of a calf at birth). Pr. jēthēṃ gāya vyālī tēthēñca khūra khāṇḍāvē Meet and overcome a trouble when and where it arises. ēka khurācā Of uncloven hoof, solidungulous; dōna khurācā Of cloven hoof.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

khura (खुर).—m A hoof.

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khūra (खूर).—m A hoof. A foot (of a couch, &c.). jēthēṃ gāya vyālī tēthēñca khūra khāṇḍāvē Meet and overcome a trouble when and where it arises.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Khura (खुर).—[khur-ka]

1) A hoof; रजःकणैः खुरोद्धूतैः (rajaḥkaṇaiḥ khuroddhūtaiḥ) R.1.85, 2.2; Ms.4.67.

2) A kind of perfume.

3) A razor.

4) The foot of a bed-stead.

Derivable forms: khuraḥ (खुरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Khura (खुर).—(m.; = Pali and Sanskrit Lex. id.; MIndic for Sanskrit kṣura), razor: Mahāvastu iii.179.15; 270.11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khura (खुर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A hoof, a horse’s hoof, &c. 2. A razor. 3. The foot of a bedstead; also kṣura 4. A sort of perfume, commonly Nak'hi, apparently a dried shell fish, and of the shape of a hoof. E. khur to cut, ran Unadi affix, the radical ra is dropped.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khura (खुर).— (for kṣura, cf. kṣurapra), m. A hoof, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 31.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khura (खुर).—[masculine] hoof, claw.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Khura (खुर):—[from khur] m. a hoof, horse’s hoof, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti] etc. (ifc. f(ā). [gana] kroḍādi [Mahābhārata i; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]; once f(ī). , [i, 7, 38])

2) [v.s. ...] a particular part of the foot of a bedstead, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lxxix]

3) [v.s. ...] a sort of perfume (dried shellfish shaped like a hoof), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] (for kṣura) a razor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khura (खुर):—(raḥ) 1. m. A razor; a horse’s hoof; foot of a bedstead; a hoof-shaped perfume.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Khura (खुर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Khura.

[Sanskrit to German]

Khura in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Khura (खुर) [Also spelled khur]:—(nm) hoof.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Khura (खुर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Khura.

2) Khura (खुर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kṣura.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Khura (ಖುರ):—[noun] the hard, horny part at the termination of foot of a horse, cattle, etc.; the hoof.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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