Ketaki, Ketakī: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ketaki means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Hands indicating Trees.—Ketakī (screw-pine), Patāka and Catura hands crossed at the wrists.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ketakī (केतकी).—(A flower). [Pandarnus odoratissimus] Though Ketakī is a flower which had been worn on Śiva’s head, it is not worshipped for the following reason.

In Satyayuga Mahāviṣṇu performed intense penance on the Śveta island for the attainment of eternal happiness. Brahmā also performed penance at a beautiful place for the annihilation of desires. During their tapas Viṣṇu and Brahmā, for a rest, left their seats and walked about in the forest when they met each other. There arose a controversy between them about their respective greatness when Śiva, in the form of a Liṅga, appeared between the two contestants and told them that he, who first found out his (Śiva's) head or feet was greater than the other. Accordingly Viṣṇu went down and Brahmā went up on a tour of enquiry.

Though Viṣṇu went down deeper and deeper for a long time to find out Śiva’s feet he failed in the attempt and so returned and sat at the place whence he started for the search. Brahmā went up a very long distance when he saw a Ketakī flower falling down from the sky. He took the flower in his hands and went to Viṣṇu and told him that he had found out Śiva’s head and showed the Ketakī flower as proof of his discovery claiming that it was taken from Śiva’s head. But Viṣṇu did not believe Brahmā and asked the Ketakī flower to bear witness to Brahmā’s claim. The flower gave false evidence in favour of Brahmā. Śiva got angry at this false evidence of Ketakī and cursed it. The Ketakī lost its place among the best flowers from that day onwards.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Ketakī (केतकी) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.14). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ketakī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Ketakī (केतकी) refers to the “screw pine” according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—The food-utensils that are made of Ketakī-patra (peepal tree leaf) have the following dietetic effects: manohara, rucikara, laghu and cākṣuṣya (pleasing, tasty, light and beneficial to the eyes).

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Ketakī (केतकी) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Pandanus odoratissimus Roxb.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning ketakī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study (shaivism)

Ketakī (केतकी) are prohibited in the worship of Śiva, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—The text refers the following flowers and leaves to be offered to Lord Śiva [viz., Ketakī][...]. It is stated that if a person offers these flowers to Lord Śiva, planting himself, the Lord Himself receives those flowers.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Ketaki is the name of a river, a nearby tank of which is mentioned as lying on the northern boundary of Khairaḍī, according to the “Panhāle plates of Vikramāditya”. Khairaḍī, the donated village, is modern Khērḍī, about 5 miles north of Dāpolī.

These copper plates (mentioning Ketaki) were found at Panhāle in the Dāpolī-tālukā of the Ratnāgiri District. It records a grant made by Aparāditya for the spiritual welfare of his son, the prince (Kumāra) Vikramāditya. It was made by Aparāditya on the occasion of a lunar eclipse, on Monday, the 15th tithi of the bright fortnight of Āśvina in the expired Śaka year 1061.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ketakī : (f.) screw-pine.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kētakī (केतकी).—f (S) A flower tree, Pandanus odoratissimus.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kētakī (केतकी).—f A flower-tree, Pandanus odora- tissimus.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ketakī (केतकी):—[from ketaka] f. ([gana] gaurādi, [Gaṇaratna-mahodadhi 46]) idem, [Gīta-govinda; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā; Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Śiva-purāṇa]

2) Ketaki (केतकि):—[from ketaka] f. metrically for f., [Suśruta; Bhartṛhari; Gīta-govinda]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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