Nadika, Nāḍikā, Nādika, Nadikā, Nāḍīkā, Nādikā: 20 definitions


Nadika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Nāḍikā (नाडिका) refers to “twenty-four minutes”, which is half of a muhūrta (48 minutes).

Source: Natya Shastra

Nāḍikā (नाडिका) (text nālikā) is a measure of time. See chapter XX. 66 note 1. The ancient Indian device for measuring time consisted of a water-vessel of particular size with a well-defined tube (nāḍikā) at its bottom. Time required for the complete running out of water from it, was known as a nāḍikā (nāḍī), (See AS. II. 20; also AS. notes, p. 27). Here nāḍikā is used in the sense of the water-vessel for measuring time. On the necessity of time-keeping see below 39 and XX. 23, 65-68. Ag’s explanation does not seem to be clear.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Nāḍikā (नाडिका).—Definition of;1 is 15 kalās, ascertained by a measure of water.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 11. 8; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 130; III. 3. 44.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 3. 7.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Nāḍikā (नाडिका) is another name for Ghaṭikā and is known in Tamil as Nāḻikai. Ghaṭikā equals 24 minutes (and corresponds to 60 prāṇas). The Arcanāṅgavidhi of Pūrvakāmikāgama first details the time measurement used before explaining the pūjā schedule. The Āgama divides a day into eight major time periods, further divided into smaller units. The smallest and most basic unit of time is one svāsa. Sixty svāsa constitute one prāṇa. Sixty prāṇa constitute one ghaṭikā. Calculation is made from sunrise. Seven and a half ghaṭikā is equal to one yāma. A day consists of eight yāma, or sixty ghaṭikā.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

1) Nāḍikā (नाडिका) (Cf. Jalayantra) refers to a “water clock”, according to the Nāradasaṃhitā verse 29.86-95 (pp. 181-184), a Sanskrit work on astrology having the Saralā commentary by Vasatirāma Śarmā.—Accordingly, “[...] It should be pierced with a circular gold needle of three and one-third māṣas in weight and four aṅgulas in length. Then it is accurate. A copper bowl should be made with more than six palas (sic!). The diameter of the opening is twelve and the height six aṅgulas. Having made with one (sic!) māṣa of gold [a needle that is] four aṅgulas [in length], [with that] when the bowl (ghaṭikā) is pierced thus in the middle, it is then known as the water clock (nāḍikā) [...]”.

2) Nāḍikā (नाडिका) refers to a measurement unit equaling “sixty palas”, according to Kāśīnātha Upādhye’s Dharmasindhu, a commentary on the Rāma Daivajña’s Muhūrtacintāmaṇi (an astrological work).—Accordingly, “[...] Then that vessel becomes the standard measure for the period of one ghaṭī. There the unit of one prastha contains sixteen palas. For it has been said: one pala is four suvarṇas; then kuḍava, prastha, āḍhaka, droṇa and khārikā, are respectively each four times the previous unit. In another text, it has been said that four fistfuls are one kuḍava, four kuḍavas are one prastha. Some others say that the time taken for uttering sixty long syllables is one pala, and that the duration of sixty palas [i.e., ṣaṣṭipala-kāla] is one nāḍikā. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

See Natika (??).

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Nādikā (नादिका) is the name of an ancient village as mentioned in the Cūḷagosiṅgasutta (Gośṛṅgasūtra) in Majjhima, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 36.—Accordingly, “being in Nādikā in the Giñjakāvasatha, the Buddha paid a visit to three of his disciples, Anuruddha, Nandiya and Kimbila, who were meditating in the Gosiṅgālavama. He congratulated these three monks for living together on the best of terms like a mixture of milk and water, looking after one another fondly”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Nādikā (नादिका) is the name of an ancient village situated between Rājagaha and Kusāvati or Kusīnārā: an ancient capital of Malla: one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—In the Mahāparinibbāna Suttanta we find an account of the Buddha’s journey from Rājagaha to Kusīnārā. We are also told of halting places, the list of which is given in order with important events, viz., Nādikā.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Nadika in India is the name of a plant defined with Corchorus capsularis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices.

2) Nadika is also identified with Corchorus olitorius.

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding (1981)
· Proceedings of a Workshop on African Indigenous Vegetables (1997)
· Science and Culture (1979)
· Journal of Fujian Agricultural College (1986)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Cytologia (2000)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Nadika, for example extract dosage, side effects, health benefits, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nadikā (नदिका).—A small river, rivulet, rill, brook.

--- OR ---

Nāḍikā (नाडिका).—

1) A tubular organ &c.; see नाडि (nāḍi).

2) A Ghaṭikā or 24 minutes; नाडिकाविच्छेदपटहः (nāḍikāvicchedapaṭahaḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 7; Bhāg. 3.11.8; K.13.7; दशनाडिकाः पूर्णाः । अतिक्रामति स्नानवेला (daśanāḍikāḥ pūrṇāḥ | atikrāmati snānavelā) | Abhiṣeka 1.

3) A hollow stalk in general.

4) A fistulous sore.

5) A ray of the sun.

6) A gong (on which the hours are struck).

7) A measure of length = 1/2 Daṇḍa.

--- OR ---

Nāḍīkā (नाडीका).—The wind-pipe or throat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nāḍikā (नाडिका).—name of a rākṣasī: Mahā-Māyūrī 243.10.

--- OR ---

Nādikā (नादिका).—(= Pali id., also Ñātikā), name of a village: MPS 9.2 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāḍikā (नाडिका).—f.

(-kā) An Indian hour, or twenty-four minutes. E. nāḍi the same, kan pleonasm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nadikā (नदिका).—i. e. nadi + ka, f. See ka-nadikā, s. v. ku-.

--- OR ---

Nāḍikā (नाडिका).—i. e. nāḍī + ka, f. 1. A measure of time, (1/60) of a sideral day, an Indian hour, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 11, 3. 2. A measure of length, half a daṇḍa, Mārk. P. 49, 39. 3. An Indian clock, Kām. Nītis. 5, 51.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāḍika (नाडिक).—([adjective] —°) the same; [feminine] ā a tubular stalk of a plant or organ of the body, a cert. measure of time.

--- OR ---

Nāḍīkā (नाडीका).—[feminine] the wind-pipe or throat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nadikā (नदिका):—[from nad] See next.

2) Nāḍika (नाडिक):—[from nāḍa] mfn. ifc. idem, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) Nāḍikā (नाडिका):—[from nāḍika > nāḍa] f. a hollow stalk, [Jyotiṣa]

4) [v.s. ...] any tubular organ (as a vein or artery of the body), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

5) [v.s. ...] a measure of time = 1/2 Muhūrta, [Varāha-mihira; Mālatīmādhava] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] a measure of length = 1/2 Daṇḍa, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] [varia lectio] for nālikā, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra v, 51]

8) Nāḍika (नाडिक):—[from nāḍa] n. Ocimum Sanctum, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

9) Nāḍīka (नाडीक):—[from nāḍa] mfn. ifc. = nāḍī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] m. Corchorus Olitorius and another pot-herb, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

11) Nāḍīkā (नाडीका):—[from nāḍīka > nāḍa] f. the windpipe or throat, [Atharva-veda]

12) Nādika (नादिक):—m. Name of a country, [Buddhist literature]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāḍikā (नाडिका):—(kā) 1. f. An Indian hour or 24 minutes or 15 laghus.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nāḍīka (नाडीक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇāḍīa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nadika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nāḍikā (नाडिका):—(nf) a vein.

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