Gudika, Guḍika: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Gudika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Guḍika (गुडिक) is the name of a Prince associated with the Pīṭha named Kaulagiri, according to the Kulakriḍāvatāra, a text paraphrased by Abhinavagupta in his Tāntrāloka.—The lineage (ovalli) Avali is associated with the following:—Prince: Guḍika; Master: Candrabimba; Pīṭha: Kaulagiri; Ghara (house): Aḍabilla; Pallī (village): Ḍombī; Town: Gauḍika; Direction: north-west; Grove: Nārikela; Vow-time: 8 years; Mudrā: right little finger; Chummā: “Genitals”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Guḍikā (गुडिका) (Cf. Gulikā) refers to “pills” (suitable for an offering ceremony), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly [as the Bhagavān taught the detailed offering-manual], “The wise one should prepare a pill (guḍikā) having mixed padmaka, arka, blue lotus, orpiment, mixed copper powder, mustard seed, indrahasta and palāśa with sugar juice. Having enchanted with the mantra eighty times, pills measuring a jujube fruit should be made. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Guḍikā (गुडिका) refers to a “pill”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly, [while explaining the knowledge circle (jñānacakra)]: “[...] [There are accomplishments of] the sword, eye-ointment, and pill (guḍikā); [accomplishments of] the foot-ointment and alchemy; and accomplishments of the shoes, quicksilver, and the underworld: the wise can attain [them] The third, the Knowledge Circle, is thus [taught]. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Google Books: Medieval Orissa: A Socio-economic Study

Guḍika (गुडिक) refers to a “maker of (or dealer of) jaggery” and represents one of the occupational groups commonly found in Townships or Urban centers (nagari) in ancient India (Medieval Orissa).—An example (of Township) is provided by the Nagari plates of Anangabhima III, dated A.D. 1230, which describe an assigned township which contained four large houses of the dimension of royal residences and thirty other houses. The occupational groups present in the settlement were [e.g., a maker of or dealer of jaggery (guḍika)]. The range of occupations is large, some of them being rural in character. The context in which the township (or Urban centres—nagari) is assigned suggest that nagaris in such cases were perhaps extended villages, formed out of a cluster of several contiguous villages and thus assuming physical and consequently, economic dimensions much larger than those of an ordinary village settlement.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Guḍika.—(EI 28, 31), maker or seller of sugar; see Gauḍika. Note: guḍika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Guḍikā (गुडिका).—(compare Sanskrit guḍa), in mālā-guḍikā (nānāpuṣpā-ṇāṃ) Mahāvastu i.302.16, cluster (of garlands); compare (mālā-)guṇa (2), and Pali mālā-guḷa, -guṇa, id.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Guḍikā (गुडिका).—f.

(-kā) A pill, a bolus. E. guḍa to be round, vuna aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Guḍikā (गुडिका):—[from guḍaka > guḍa] f. a pill

2) [v.s. ...] a kernel, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lxxxi, 8] ([varia lectio] gulikā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Guḍikā (गुडिका):—(kā) 1. f. A pill.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gudika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Guḍika (ಗುಡಿಕ):—

1) [noun] the annual herb Coriandrum sativum of Apiaceae family; the coriander plant.

2) [noun] its strong-smelling, seedlike fruit, used in flavouring food and liquors, and, formerly, in medicines; coriander.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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