Narikela, Nārikela: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Narikela means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Narikel.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Nārikela (नारिकेल) is a Sanskrit word for Cocos nucifera (coconut), identified by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as bearing good fruits. The King should plant such domestic plants in and near villages. He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat. Note: Phyllanthus distichus is a synonym of Phyllanthus acidus.

The following is an ancient Indian recipe for such nourishment of trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.105-109: “The trees (such as nārikela) are to be watered in the morning and evening in summer, every alternate day in winter, in the fifth part of the day (i.e., afternoon) in spring, never in the rainy season. If trees have their fruits destroyed, the pouring of cold water after being cooked together with Kulutha, Māṣa (seeds), Mudga (pulse), Yava (barley) and Tila (oil seed) would lead to the growth of flowers and fruits. Growth of trees can be helped by the application of water with which fishes are washed and cleansed.”

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Narikela in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Nārikela (नारिकेल) or Nārikeladvīpa is the name of an island, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 54. Accordingly, as four heavenly figures said to Naravāhanadatta: “... there is in the midst of the great sea a great, prosperous and splendid island, which is called the island of Nārikela, and is renowned in the world for its beauty. And in it there are four mountains with splendid expanses of land, named Maināka, Vṛṣabha, Cakra and Balāhaka; in those four we four live”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Nārikela, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Narikela in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nārikela (नारिकेल) refers to “cocunut” which forms a preferable constituent for a great offering, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “[...] the great offering of eatables shall be made to Śiva especially in the month of Dhanus. The constituent parts of the great offering are as follows:—[...] twelve coconuts (nārikela) [...] This great offering of eatables made to the deities shall be distributed among devotees m the order of their castes”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta

Nārikela (नारिकेल) refers to the “coconut”, according to the Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta 2.3.44ff—Accordingly:—“[...] the preparation made with coconut pulp [viz., nārikela-śasya] mixed with curd and rock candy was very sweet. There was a curry made of banana flowers and squash boiled in milk, all in great quantity.. [...] Thus Lord Kṛṣṇa was offered all the food, and the Lord took it very pleasantly”

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Nārikela (नारिकेल) refers to one of the thirty-six sacred trees, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “According to the Kula teaching (these) [i.e., Nārikela] are the most excellent Kula trees that give accomplishments and liberation. (They are full of) Yoginīs, Siddhas, Lords of the Heroes and hosts of gods and demons. One should not touch them with one’s feet or urinate and defecate on them or have sex etc. below them. One should not cut etc. or burn them. Having worshipped and praised them regularly with their own flowers and shoots, one should always worship the Śrīkrama with devotion with their best fruits and roots. [...]”.

2)Nārikela (नारिकेल) is the name of a Grove associated with the Pīṭha named Kaulagiri, according to the Kulakriḍāvatāra, a text paraphrased by Abhinavagupta in his Tāntrāloka.—The lineage (ovalli) Avali is associated with the following:—Prince: Guḍika; Master: Candrabimba; Pīṭha: Kaulagiri; Ghara (house): Aḍabilla; Pallī (village): Ḍombī; Town: Gauḍika; Direction: north-west; Grove: Nārikela; Vow-time: 8 years; Mudrā: right little finger; Chummā: “Genitals”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Science And Technology In Medievel India (Ayurveda)

Nārikela (नारिकेल) or Nārikelapāka refers to one of the various medicinal syrups (pāka) according to the Pākasaṅgraha, as mentioned in A. Rahman’s Science and Technology in Medievel India: A bibliography of source materials in Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian.—Ancient and medieval India produced a wide range of scientific manuscripts and major contributions lie in the field of medicine, astronomy and mathematics, besides covering encyclopedic glossaries and technical dictionaries.—The Pākasaṅgraha is a Sanskrit medical treatise giving directions for the preparation of medicinal syrups [e.g., Nārikela-pāka]. It is very probably a collection of extracts from various authors.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Nārikela (नारिकेल)—Sanskrit word for a plant “coconut palm” (Cocos nucifera).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Nārikela (नारिकेल) refers to “cocoa-nut”: a type of fruit (phala), according to Jain canonical texts (e.g., the Jñātādharmakathāṅga-sūtra from the 3rd century B.C.). It is also known as Nāḍikela or Nāḍīkela. Various kinds of fruits were grown and consumed by the people in ancient India. Fruits were also dried up for preservation. Koṭṭaka was a place for this operation. Besides being grown in orchards, fruits were gathered from jungles and were carried to cities for sales.

The Jain canonical texts frequently mention different horticulture products viz. fruits (e.g., Nārikela fruit), vegetables and flowers which depict that horticulture was a popular pursuit of the people at that time. Gardens and parks (ārāma, ujjāṇa or nijjāṇa) were full of fruits and flowers of various kinds which besides yielding their products provided a calm and quiet place where people could enjoy the natural surroundings.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Nārikela.—cf. sa-guvāka-nārikela (EI 8-5); coconut palms [which the ordinary tenants had no right to enjoy]. Note: nārikela is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Narikela in India is the name of a plant defined with Cocos nucifera in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Palma cocos Mill., nom. illeg. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Taxon (1979)
· Kew Chromosome Conference (1995)
· Species Plantarum
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol. (2007)
· Illustrations of the Botany … of the Himalayan Mountains (1840)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Narikela, for example pregnancy safety, side effects, chemical composition, health benefits, extract dosage, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nārikēla (नारिकेल).—m or nārikēlī f S The Cocoanut-tree, Cocos nucifera. Some of the Indian trees may be learned from ex. nārīkēlī pūgī rātāñjana || mala- yāgara suvāsa candana || aśōka kharjūrī saghana || āmra dhātrī khiraṇīyā || vaṭa pimpaḷa phaṇasa nimba || dāḷimbī saubarī mandāra kadamba || añjīra pāribhadra nabha || bhēdīta gēlē disa- ti || campaka phulalē jāī juī || mōgarē mālatī bakūḷa pāhī || śēvatī agastī vṛkṣa ṭhāyīṃ ṭhāyīṃ || vēṣṭūni vallī caḍhinalyā ||.

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nārikēla (नारिकेल).—n S A cocoanut.

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nārīkēla (नारीकेल) [or ली, lī].—S & nārīkēla n S See nārikēla or & nārikēla n.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nārikēla (नारिकेल).—m or nārikēlī f The Cocoanut-tree, a cocoanut.

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nārīkēla (नारीकेल).—

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nārikela (नारिकेल).—The cocoa-nut; नारिकेलसमाकार दृश्यन्ते हि सुहृज्जनाः (nārikelasamākāra dṛśyante hi suhṛjjanāḥ) H.1.9. [The word is also written नारिकेलि-ली, नारिकेर-ल, नारीकेलि-ली, नाडि (nārikeli-lī, nārikera-la, nārīkeli-lī, nāḍi)(ḍī)केर, नालिकेर (kera, nālikera) (Bhāgavata 8.2.11), नालिकेलि-ली (nālikeli-lī).]

-lī Fermented liquor made from the water of the cocoa-nut.

Derivable forms: nārikelaḥ (नारिकेलः).

See also (synonyms): nārikera.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nārīkela (नारीकेल).—see Nālikera.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nārikela (नारिकेल).—mf. (-laḥ-lī) The cocoanut. E. nārika watery (place), īr to go or grow, affix ka, and ra optionally changed to la; also with in, nārikeli, and ḍa being substituted for ra, nāḍikera, &c. nala-in nāliḥ kena vāyunā jalena vā ilati calati, ila-ka-karma-ralayoraikyam .

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Nārīkela (नारीकेल).—mf. (-laḥ-lī) The cocoanut. f. (-lī) Fermented liquor made from the water of the cocoanut: see nārikela &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nārikela (नारिकेल).—[masculine] the same.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nārikela (नारिकेल):—m. idem, [Mahābhārata] etc. ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] also li f., or f.)

2) Nārīkela (नारीकेल):—m. = nārik

3) Name of an island, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nārikela (नारिकेल):—[(laḥ-lī)] 1. m. 3. f. Idem.

2) Nārīkela (नारीकेल):—(laḥ) 1. m. The cocoanut. () f. Its fermented liquor.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nārikela (नारिकेल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇāriera, Ṇāriela.

[Sanskrit to German]

Narikela in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Narikela in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nārikela (नारिकेल) [Also spelled narikel]:—(nm) the cocoanut tree and its fruit.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nārikēla (ನಾರಿಕೇಲ):—[noun] = ನಾರಿಕೇಳ [narikela].

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Nārikēḷa (ನಾರಿಕೇಳ):—

1) [noun] the coconut palm, Cocos nucifera of Arecaceae family.

2) [noun] its nut consisting of a thick, fibrous, brown, oval husk, a thin, hard shell, an edible white layer of meat, filled with a sweet, milky fluid; coconut.

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Nārīkēla (ನಾರೀಕೇಲ):—[noun] = ನಾರಿಕೇಳ [narikela].

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Nārīkēḷa (ನಾರೀಕೇಳ):—[noun] = ನಾರಿಕೇಳ [narikela].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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