Guggulu: 15 definitions



Guggulu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Guggulu (गुग्गुलु) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Indian bdellium” tree from the Fabaceae family, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is obtained near rivers or the sea. It is also known as Guggula or Mahiṣākṣa. Its official botanical name is Commiphora wightii (synonyms: Commiphora mukul and Commiphora roxburghii) and is commonly known in English as “Gugal” or “Indian bdellium tree”. The extract of gum guggul (gugulipid) is in use as a traditional medicine in Ayurveda since at least 3,000 years ago.

This plant (Guggulu) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known as Palaṅkaṣā.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Guggulu (गुग्गुलु).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug.—The plant grows in arid zone. The useful part is the gum-resin exuded frm the stem and branches. It is used in vātika disorders, obesity and wound etc.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Guggulu (गुग्गुलु) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Commiphora mukul (Hook. ex Stocks) Engl.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning guggulu] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Guggulu (गुग्गुलु) refers to the “fragrant gum resin”, which is used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13:—“[...] with the offering of Bilva leaves alone, the worship shall be performed. Then scented powders, sweetsmelling oil etc. of various sorts shall be offered to Śiva with great joy. Then incense, Guggulu (the fragrant gum resin) and Aguru (the fragrant Aloe wood) shall be offered”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Guggulu (गुग्गुलु) refers to “agaloche resin § 2.16.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Guggulu (गुग्गुलु, ‘bdellium’), is referred to in one passage of the Atharvaveda as produced by the Sindhu and by the sea. The latter source presumably alludes, as Zimmer assumes, to seaborne trade, bdellium being the gum of a tree, not a product of the sea. It is, however, possible that in this passage some other substance may be meant. The word in this form also occurs elsewhere in the Atharvaveda and later; it is often mentioned in the older form of Gulgulu, between which and Guggulu the manuscripts constantly vary.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Guggulu in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

guggulu : (m.) a medicinal resin; bdellium.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Guggulu (गुग्गुलु).—A particular fragrant gum resin. (Mar. gugguḷa); Bṛ. S.57.3,5; गुग्गुलं पावकशिखं (guggulaṃ pāvakaśikhaṃ) ... Śiva. B.3.19.

Derivable forms: gugguluḥ (गुग्गुलुः).

See also (synonyms): guggula.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Guggulu (गुग्गुलु).—m.

(-luḥ) 1. A fragrant gum resin, Bdellium or the exudation of the Amyris agallochum. 2. A species of morunga, (M. hyperanthera.) E. guj (here said to mean) disease, and guḍa to perfume, affixes ka and u, ḍa change to la; also guggula.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Guggulu (गुग्गुलु).—m. and n. A fragrant gum resin, Bdellium, Mahābhārata 13, 3736.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Guggulu (गुग्गुलु).—([masculine]) [neuter] bdellium.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Guggulu (गुग्गुलु):—[from guggula] n. (= gulg) bdellium or the exudation of Amyris Agallochum (a fragrant gum resin, used as a perfume and medicament), [Atharva-veda] (called saindhava or samudriya, ‘obtained near rivers or the sea’, [xix, 38, 2]), [Kauśika-sūtra; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra xi, 6, 3]

2) [v.s. ...] m. idem, [Yājñavalkya i, 278; Mahābhārata xiii; Suśruta; Bhāvaprakāśa]

3) [v.s. ...] = -dru, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] f(ūs). ([Pāṇini 4-1, 71; Patañjali]) Name of an Apsaras, [Atharva-veda iv, 37, 3] (cf. kaṇa-, gauggulava and gaulg.)

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Guggulu (गुग्गुलु):—

1) proparox. n. und m. (dieses in der späteren Sprache) Bdellion, ein kostbarer Wohlgeruch und Heilmittel, [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde I, 290.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 4,2, 14. 3, 4, 1, 10.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1142, v. l.] [Ratnamālā 43.] saindhava und samudriya an Flüssen, am Meere gewonnen (oder etwa ein anderer Stoff, der aus Flüssen und aus dem Meere kam?) [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 19, 38, 2. 2, 36, 7.] [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 1, 28.] guggululavaṇe [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 19. 20.] [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 11, 6.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 278] [?(Manu’s Gesetzbuch). Mahābhārata 13, 3736.] niryāsāḥ sallakīvarjā devānāṃ dayitāstu te . gugguluḥ pravarasteṣāṃ sarveṣāmiti niścayaḥ .. [4716.] [Suśruta 1, 16, 10. 52, 21. 139, 9. 157, 11. 2, 45, 8. 19. 53, 17. 364, 8.] mahiṣākṣo mahānīlaḥ kumudaḥ padma ityapi . hiraṇyaḥ pañcamo jñeyo gugguloḥ pañca jātayaḥ .. bhṛṅgāñjanasavarṇastu mahiṣākṣa iti smṛtaḥ . mahānīlastu vijñeyaḥ svanāmasamalakṣaṇaḥ .. kumudaḥ kumudābhaḥ syātpadmo māṇikyasaṃ nabhaḥ . hiraṇyākhyastu hemābhaḥ pañcānāṃ liṅgamīritam .. [Bhāvaprakāśa im Śabdakalpadruma] Die ältere Form gulgulu hat [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 3, 5, 2, 16.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 6, 2, 8, 6.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 13, 3, 20. 5, 4, 17. 24, 3, 13.] [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 24, 13.] —

2) m. eine rothblühende Moringa (raktaśobhāñjana) [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] gugguludru [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 248. 312.] —

3) f. guggulū [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 71, Vārttika von Kātyāyana.] Nomen proprium einer Apsaras [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 4, 37, 3.] — Vgl. kaṇaguggulu, gauggulava, gaulgulava .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Guggulu (गुग्गुलु):——

1) m. (spater) und n. Bdellion. guggulugandhi Adj. [Vaitānasūtra] —

2) *m. eine roth blühende Moringa.

3) f. guggulū Nomen proprium einer Apsaras.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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