Guggula: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Guggula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Guggula (गुग्गुल) refers to “bdellium” and forms part of the cosmetics and personal decoration that was once commonly applied to one’s body in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Reference is made in the Nīlamata to various sorts of scents, perfumes, unguents, flowers and garlands. For example, Guggula is used for the worship of deities (verse 463).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Guggula [ಗುಗ್ಗುಲ] in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Commiphora wightii (Arn.) Bhandari from the Burseraceae (Torchwood) family having the following synonyms: Balsamea mukul , Balsamodendron mukul, Commiphora mukul. For the possible medicinal usage of guggula, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Guggula [गुग्गुल] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Boswellia serrata Roxb. ex Colebr. from the Burseraceae (Torchwood) family having the following synonyms: Boswellia glabra, Boswellia thurifera, Bursera thurifera.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Guggula (गुग्गुल) or Palaṅkaśa refers to the medicinal plant Commiphora mukul Engl. Syn. Commiphora wightii (Arnot.) Bhandari, Syn. Balsamodendron mukul Hook. Ex Stocks, and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Guggula] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Śodhana: An Ayurvedic process for detoxification

Guggula (गुग्गुल) refers to the medicinal plant known Commiphora mukul Hook. Ex. Stocks. Engl.—Guggula is an oleo-gum resin containing dust, dry leaves, and other foreign materials. It is recommended that it should be used after purification, which makes it safer and more effective for use.

Guggula purification process (śodhana) involves svedana in dolā-yantra by using various media such as distilled water, Triphalā-kvātha, Godugdha and Gomūtra. When all the Guggula dissolves in media, poṭṭalī is to be removed and the liquid is evaporated to collect śodhita-guggula. It is indicated in the literature that Śodhana of Guggula may enhance specific action such as increasing mobile property, body tonic property, and bioavailability.

(cf. Rasendrasāra-saṅgraha and Bhaiṣajyaratnāvalī)

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Guggula (गुग्गुल) refers to an “offering of bdellium”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “Looking like a mad man, the Yogi goes to a frightening (place). His hair is disheveled and, naked, he observes a vow of silence. (There) he should repeat (the Vidyā of) the goddess (mentally) a hundred thousand times and he should make a million (ayuta) offerings to the fire. (He should offer) human flesh (mahāpala) with clarified butter and bdellium (guggula) during the dark lunar fortnight. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Guggula.—(CII 4), bdellium. Note: guggula is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Guggula in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Guggula, (?) a kind of perfume J.VI, 537. (Page 252)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

guggula (गुग्गुल).—m S pop. gugūḷa m A fragrant gum, Bdellium. 2 A tree or gum, Amyris Agallocha. Rox. Pr. ghē gu0 dē prasāda Used where extravagant expectations are entertained from having rendered some trifling service.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

guggūla (गुग्गूल).—m A fragrant gum-bdellium.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Guggula (गुग्गुल).—A particular fragrant gum resin. (Mar. gugguḷa); Bṛ. S.57.3,5; गुग्गुलं पावकशिखं (guggulaṃ pāvakaśikhaṃ) ... Śiva. B.3.19.

Derivable forms: guggulaḥ (गुग्गुलः).

See also (synonyms): guggulu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Guggula (गुग्गुल).—m.

(-laḥ) A gum resin: see the next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Guggula (गुग्गुल):—m. (= lu) bdellium, [Harivaṃśa 6283; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lvii, 3 and 5] ([varia lectio] lu)

2) [lxxvii, 9 (15). ]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Guggula (गुग्गुल):—(laḥ) 1. m. A gum resin.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Guggula (गुग्गुल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Guggula, Guggulī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Guggula in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Guggula (गुग्गुल) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Guggula.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Guggula (ಗುಗ್ಗುಲ):—[noun] = ಗುಗ್ಗುಳ [guggula].

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Gugguḷa (ಗುಗ್ಗುಳ):—

1) [noun] the tree Ailanthus malabarica of Simaroubaceae family.

2) [noun] its resin, used as incense.

3) [noun] (vīr.) a service of carrying this resin to a deity.

4) [noun] the tree Agathis australis of Araucariaceae family.

5) [noun] its resin.

6) [noun] the tree Boswellia glabra of Burseraceae family; Indian olibanum.

7) [noun] a gum resin obtained from this, used in perfumes and as incense; olibanum.

8) [noun] the tree Commiphora mukul, ( = Balsamodendrum mukul) of Burseraceae family; bdellium tree.

9) [noun] a myrrh-like gum resin of this tree.

10) [noun] another tree of the same family Commiphora agallocha ( = Balsamodendrum roxburghii.

11) [noun] its resin used as incense.

12) [noun] the tree Dipterocarpus indicus ( = D. turbinatus) of Dipterocarpaceae family.

13) [noun] the tree Moringa oleifera ( = M. pterygosperma, = Hyperanthera moringa) of Moringaceae family; the drum-stick tree.

14) [noun] its slender, long fruit, used as vegetable.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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