Chanda, aka: Chandā; 18 Definition(s)

Introduction

Chanda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chhanda.

Ambiguity: Although Chanda has separate glossary definitions below, it also represents an alternative spelling of the Sanskrit word Canda. It further has the optional forms Chaṇḍa, Chaṇḍā and Chāṇḍa.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Chanda (छन्द) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “shape”, or “appereance” and is used in the literature of Vāstuśāstra (branch of Hindu science dealing with architecture and construction).

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Chanda (छन्द).—Vedic metres as steeds of the sun's chariot;1 as part of Viṣṇu.2 Seven in number—names given.

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 6. 1; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 5.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 37; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 5. 19.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

See Chann.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

M (Might, wish, desire).

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

One of the Pakinnaka cetasikas. Chanda is wish. It is mere desire. It is a will. When chanda becomes the heading dhamma it becomes adhipati dhamma or leading dhamma. It is also one of 4 iddhipada or foot of success or root of success.

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

intention, desire, will.

1. As an ethically neutral psychological term, in the sense of 'intention', it is one of those general mental factors (cetasika, q.v. Tab. II) taught in the Abhidhamma, the moral quality of which is determined by the character of the volition (cetanā, q.v.) associated therewith. The Com. explains it as 'a wish to do' (kattu-kamyatā-chanda). If intensified, it acts also as a 'predominance condition' (s. paccaya 3).

2. As an evil quality it has the meaning of 'desire', and is frequently coupled with terms for 'sensuality', 'greed', etc., for instance: kāma-cchanda, 'sensuous desire', one of the 5 hindrances (s. nīvarana); chanda-rāga, 'lustful desire' (s. kāma). It is one of the 4 wrong paths (s. agati).

3. As a good quality it is a righteous will or zeal (dhamma-chanda) and occurs, e.g. in the formula of the 4 right efforts (s. padhāna): "The monk rouses his will (chandam janeti)...." If intensified, it is one of the 4 roads to power (s. iddhipāda).

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

Chanda (“intention”).

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

Chanda, which is usually translated as zeal, desire or wish-to-do, is another cetasika among the six "particulars" which arises with cittas of the four jatis- but not with every citta.

The cetasika "chanda" which is classified as one of the "particulars" is not the same as lobha, it has its own characteristic and function.

Chanda can be kusala, akusala, vipaka or kiriya.

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Chanda (छन्द) refers to one of the “five dharma practices” (pañcāṅga) for obtaining the first dhyāna according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII). Accordingly, “Chanda is zeal in kāmadhātu; when it is produced, the first dhyāna is obtained”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Chanda (छन्द) is translated as “intention”, “interest”, or “desire to act”. It is defined as trying to possess a certain object–an interest or desire that supports the application of exertion. According to the Abhidharma-samuccaya: “What is chanda? It is the desire to endow a desired thing with this or that particular attribute, and has the function of laying the foundation for making a start on assiduous striving”.

Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism

India history and geogprahy

Chanda is the name of a district in Maharashtra corresponding the modern Chandrapur.—The Buddhist work, Mahavamsa, refers to Maharashtra. It suggests that a big area around Ujjain, that is, the present Central India could have been talked about as Maharashtra. As the legend goes there were (or might have been) 99,000 villages in this country. These days it is a practice to include all areas (Chanda) where Marathi language is in use into Maharashtra.

Source: Marathi language (Marāṭhī bhāṣā): Submission for Classical Status of Marathi Language
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

chanda : (m.; nt.) (mano-group), metrics; prosody. (m.), impulse; will; wish.

-- or --

chandaka : (nt.) vote; a voluntary collection.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Chanda, (cp. Vedic and Sk. chanda, and skandh to jump). 1. impulse, excitement; intention, resolution, will; desire for, wish for, delight in (c. Loc.). Expld at Vism.466 as “kattu-kāmatāy” adhivacanaṃ; by Dhtp 587 & Dhtm 821 as chand=icchāyaṃ.—A. As virtue: dhammapadesu ch. striving after righteousness S.I, 202; tibba° ardent desire, zeal A.I, 229; IV, 15; kusaladhamma° A.III, 441. Often combd with other good qualities, e.g. ch. vāyāma ussāha ussoḷhi A.IV, 320; ch. viriya citta vīmaṃsā in set of samādhis (cp. iddhipāda) D.III, 77 (see below), & in cpd. °âdhipateyya.—kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ uppādāya chandaṃ janeti vāyamati viriyaṃ ārabhati, etc., see citta V. 1 db. ‹-› M.II, 174; A.I, 174 (ch. vā vāyāmo vā); III, 50 (chandasā Instr.); Sn.1026 (+viriya); Vv 2412 (=kusala° VvA.116); J.VI, 72; DhA.I, 14.—B. As vice: (a) kinds & character of ch.—With similar expressions: (kāya-) ch. sneha anvayatā M.I, 500.—ch. dosa moha bhaya D.III, 182; Nd2 3372 (See also below chandâgati). Its nearest analogue in this sense is rāga (lust), e.g. ch. rāga dosa paṭigha D.I, 25 (cp. DA.I, 116); rūpesu uppajjati ch. vā rāgo S.IV, 195. See below °rāga. In this bad sense it is nearly the same as kāma (see kāma & kāmachanda: sensual desire, cp. DhsA.370, Vism.466 & Mrs. Rh. D. in Dhs.trsl. 292) & the combn kāmachanda is only an enlarged term of kāma. Kāye chanda “delight in the body” M.I, 500; Sn.203. bhave ch. (pleasure in existence) Th.2, 14 (cp. bhavachanda); lokasmiṃ ch. (hankering after the world) Sn.866; methunasmiṃ (sexual desire) Sn.835 (expl. by ch. vā rāgo vā peman Nd1 181).—Ch. in this quality is one of the roots of misery: cittass’upakkileso S.III, 232 sq.; V, 92; mūlaṃ dukkhassa J.IV, 328 sq.—Other passages illustrating ch. are e.g. vyāpāda° & vihiṃsā° S.II, 151; rūpa-dhātuyā° S.III, 10; IV, 72; yaṃ aniccaṃ, etc... . tattha° S.III, 122, 177; IV, 145 sq.; asmī ti ch. S.III, 130; atilīno ch. S.V, 277 sq., cp. also D.II, 277.—(b) the emancipation from ch. as necessary for the attainment of Arahantship.—vigata° (free from excitement) and a° S.I, 111; III, 7, 107, 190; IV, 387; A.II, 173 sq.; D.III, 238; ettha chandaṃ virājetvā Sn.171=S.I, 16. Kāye chandaṃ virājaye Sn.203. (a)vīta° A.IV, 461 sq. °ṃ vineti S.I, 22, 197; °ṃ vinodeti S.I, 186; ch. suppaṭivinīta S.II, 283. na tamhi °ṃ kayirātha Dh.117. ‹-› 2. (in the monastic law) consent, declaration of consent (to an official act: kamma) by an absentee Vin.I, 121, 122. dhammikānaṃ kammānaṃ chandaṃ datvā having given (his) consent to valid proceedings Vin.IV, 151, 152; cp. °dāyaka II.94.—Note. The commentaries follow the canonical usage of the word without adding any precision to its connotation. See Nd2 s. v.; DhsA.370; DhA.I, 14, J.VI, 72, VvA.77.

—âgati in °gamana the wrong way (of behaviour, consisting) in excitement, one of the four agatigamanāni, viz. ch°, dosa°, moha°, bhaya° D.III, 133, 228; Vbh.376 (see above); —âdhipateyya (adj.) standing under the dominant influence of impulse Dhs.269, 359, 529; Vbh.288 (+viriya°, citta°, vīmaṃsā°); —ânunīta led according to one’s own desire S.IV, 71; Sn.781; —âraha (adj.) fit to give one’s consent Vin.II, 93; V, 221; —ja sprung from desire (dukkha) S.I, 22; —nānatta the diversity or various ways of impulse or desire S.II, 143 sq.; D.III, 289; Vbh.425; —pahāna the giving up of wrong desire S.V, 273; —mūlaka (adj.) having its root in excitement A.IV, 339; V, 107; —rāga exciting desire (cp. kāmachanda) D.II, 58, 60; III, 289; S.I, 198; II, 283; III, 232 sq. (cakkhusmiṃ, etc.); IV, 7 sq. 164 (Bhagavato ch-r. n’atthi), 233; A.I, 264 (atīte ch-r-ṭṭhānīyā dhammā); II, 71; III, 73; Nd2 413; DhA.I, 334; —samādhi the (right) concentration of good effort, classed under the 4 iddhipādā with viriya°; citta° vīmaṃsā° D.III, 77; S.V, 268; A.I, 39; Vbh.216 sq.; Nett 15; —sampadā the blessing of zeal S.V, 30. (Page 274)

— or —

Chandaka, a voluntary collection (of alms for the Saṅgha), usually as °ṃ saṃharati to make a vol. coll. Vin.IV, 250; J.I, 422; II, 45, 85 (saṃharitvā v. l. BB; text saṅkaḍḍhitvā), 196, 248; III, 288 (nava°, a new kind of donation); Cp. BSk. chandaka-bhikṣana AvŚ vol. II.227. (Page 275)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

chanda (छंद).—m (S) Metre. 2 A liking or fondness for; a predilection or propensity (for a pursuit good or evil). v ghē, dhara, kara, lāga. 3 A longing or hankering after; impatient desire. v ghē, dhara 4 Will, pleasure, discretion. Ex. yajamānācē chandānēṃ āmhāsa vāgāvēṃ lāgatēṃ. 5 Mischievous tricks; lawless pranks; freaks and frolics; wild and wilful conduct gen. 6 A particular bracelet: also a particular ornament for the feet. 7 Any treatise on prosody: also a name for the Vedas. chandāsa lāgaṇēṃ or bharaṇēṃ g. of o. To be taken up with; to be full of; to be enchanted and engrossed by.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

chanda (छंद).—m Metre. A liking for. A hankering after. Will. Miscnievous tricks.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Chanda (छन्द).—a. [chand-ac]

1) Pleasing, fascinating, inviting, alluring.

2) Private, solitary, secret.

3) Praising.

-daḥ m.

1) Wish, desire, fancy, liking, will; विज्ञाप्यतां देवी यस्ते छन्द इति (vijñāpyatāṃ devī yaste chanda iti) V.3 just as you like; Pt.1.69. एते ते मृत्युना ये चिरमनवसिता (ete te mṛtyunā ye ciramanavasitā) ... श्छन्दं मृगयता (śchandaṃ mṛgayatā) Pratimā.3.7.

2) Free will, one's own choice, whim, free or wilful conduct; षष्ठे काले त्वमपि दिवसस्यात्मनश्छन्दवर्ती (ṣaṣṭhe kāle tvamapi divasasyātmanaśchandavartī) V.2.1; Gīt.1; Y.2.195; स्वच्छन्दम् (svacchandam) according to one's free will, independently.

3) (Hence) subjection, control.

4) Meaning, intention, purport.

5) Poison.

6) Appearance, look, shape.

7) Pleasure, delight.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Chanda (छन्द).—mfn.

(-ndaḥ-ndā-ndaṃ) Solitary, secret, private. m.

(-ndaḥ) 8. Meaning, intention, purport, opinion. 2. Subjection. 3. Poison. n.

(-ndaṃ) Wish, desire. E. chad to cover, affix ac; see chandas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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