Caturvidya, Cāturvidya, Catur-vidya, Caturvidyā: 7 definitions

Introduction

Caturvidya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturvidya.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturvidya in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Cāturvidya (चातुर्विद्य).—The four Vedas;1 Viṣṇu as knowing them.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 62; Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 37.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 72. 36.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Cāturvīdya.—(EI 23, 32), cf. Caturvedin; ‘relating to the Caturvedin’, a community of Brāhmaṇas; cf. cāturvidya-grāma, cāturvidy-āgrahāra, cāturvidya-sāmānya (EI 22). Note: cāturvīdya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturvidya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cāturvidya (चातुर्विद्य).—a. (-dyī) Knowing the four Vedas.

-dyam The four Vedas; also चातुर्वैद्य (cāturvaidya).

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Caturvidya (चतुर्विद्य).—a. one who has studied the four Vedas.

Caturvidya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and vidya (विद्य).

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Caturvidyā (चतुर्विद्या).—the four Vedas.

Caturvidyā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and vidyā (विद्या).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturvidya (चतुर्विद्य).—m.

(-dyaḥ) A priest who has studied the four Vedas. E. catur four, vidyā knowledge: also caturveda, and with aṇ added cāturvedya and cāturveda.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāturvidya (चातुर्विद्य).—i. e. catur vidyā + a, I. adj. Conversant in the four Vedas, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 158. Ii. n. The four Vedas, Mahābhārata 12, 1574.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caturvidya (चतुर्विद्य):—[=catur-vidya] [from catur > catasṛ] mfn. ([Pāṇini 5-1, 124; Siddhānta-kaumudī]) familiar with the 4 Vedas, [Mahābhārata iii, 85, 85] ([varia lectio] cāt)

2) Caturvidyā (चतुर्विद्या):—[=catur-vidyā] [from catur-vidya > catur > catasṛ] f. [gana] anuśatikādi.

3) Cāturvidya (चातुर्विद्य):—[from cātura] mfn. ([Pāṇini 5-1, 124; Siddhānta-kaumudī]) = cat, [Mahābhārata iii, 8227; Rājataraṅgiṇī v, 158]

4) [v.s. ...] n. the 4 Vedas

5) [v.s. ...] fourfold knowledge (viz. of dharma, artha, kāma, mokṣa, [Nīlakaṇṭha]), [Mahābhārata xii, 1574 and 1837; Harivaṃśa 9769.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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