Caturika, aka: Caturikā, Cāturika, Cāturīka; 4 Definition(s)
Caturika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturika.
Katha (narrative stories)
1) Caturikā (चतुरिका) is the name of a lady whose story is told in ‘The Chanter of the Sāma-veda and the Courtesan’, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara chapter 6.
2) Caturikā (चतुरिका) is the friend of Śaśāṅkavatī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 103. Accordingly, as Śaśāṅkavatī said to Caturikā: “... so you must go to the army and see what he is like, and then return. For, my fortunate friend, Caturikā is your name, and Prudence is your nature”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Caturikā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Caturikā (चतुरिका).—A harlot about whom the following story is told in Kathāsaritsāgara.
Once a poor Brahmin got a piece of gold as Pratigraha (fee or dakṣiṇā for performing a religious rite). While he was perplexed not knowing what to do with the gold, a Viṭa advised him to go on tour with the money got by selling the gold. The poor Brahmin did not even know how to go on tour. Then the Viṭa advised him to visit a harlot called Caturikā, who lived close by and who, the Vita said, would teach him how to go on tour.
Brahmin:—What shall I do first after going to the harlot’s house?
Viṭa:—Caturikā will become friendly if you would give her the gold. Then you should use sweet and charming words, and that is all.
The Brahmin went immediately to Caturikā’s house and he was received honourably by her. Then giving the gold to her he requested her to instruct him about going on tour. This request of his evoked laughter from people around him. Then the Brahmin who was versed in the Śrutis began reciting the Sāman with his palm formed in the shape of the ears of the cow. All those who were present there wildly laughed at him, and somehow or other he escaped from the none too pleasant scene, and reported his experience at the harlot’s to the Viṭa. He very easily understood that the reason for the Brahmin being ridiculed was that misreading his advice to use 'sāma' (sweet words) the Brahmin recited the sāmaveda. He took the brahmin back to Caturikā and asked her to return the 'grass' (gold given her by the brahmin) to 'the cow', the Brahmin who was as simple as the cow. Laughingly Caturikā returned the gold to him. (Kathāsaritsāgara, Kathāpīṭha Laṃbakam, Taraṅga 6).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
Cāturika (चातुरिक).—[cāturīṃ rathacaryāṃ vetti ṭhak] A coachman, driver, charioteer.
Derivable forms: cāturikaḥ (चातुरिकः).
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1) A swan.
2) A sort of duck; कलहंसे च कारण्डे चातुरीकः पुमानयम् (kalahaṃse ca kāraṇḍe cāturīkaḥ pumānayam) Nm.
Derivable forms: cāturīkaḥ (चातुरीकः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-kaḥ) A charioteer, a coachman. E. cātura a carriage, and ṭhak aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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