Carvana, Carvaṇā: 15 definitions


Carvana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Charvana.

In Hinduism

Kosha (encyclopedic lexicons)

[«previous next»] — Carvana in Kosha glossary
Source: Google Books: Kalātattvakośa, volume 2

Carvaṇā (चर्वणा):—“That carvaṇā (rumination) is not born previously of any other means of valid knowledge so that it could become memory, nor is it now born of any other means, because the means of knowledge such as peception and the like do not operate in the lokottara domain. It is not without any evidence, by itself, because it is proved by the slef-evident knowledge. Carvaṇā is indeed of the nature of knowledge, becuse a specific (category of) knowledge itself is carvaṇā.” (See the Kāvyaprakāśa with Saṅketa commentary, p.51)

context information

Kosha (कोश, kośa) refers to Sanskrit lexicons intended to provide additional information regarding technical terms used in religion, philosophy and the various sciences (shastra). The oldest extant thesaurus (kosha) dates to the 4th century AD.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Carvaṇa (चर्वण) refers to “relish”, according to the Mahānayaprakāśa by 12-century Kashmiri Śitikaṇṭha.—Accordingly, “By its unfolding, the will arises which generates (all things). It is emanation (sṛṣṭi). The supreme and the first, she is called the Pervasive One (vyāpinī). Whenever this will falls spontaneously on (any) external object, that relish (carvaṇa) (of its essential nature) is persistence and is said to be the Equal One (samanā). Assuming its own essential nature, (that same energy is) withdrawn because (of the ensuing) indifference (to the object once known and experienced) and the contraction of the expansion (in the previous phases). Thus, due to the power of the Transmental, withdrawal (saṃhāra) takes place”.

2) Carvaṇa (चर्वण, “savouring”) (Cf. Kālagrāsa) refers to the “relishing or savouring of reality” and represents the third of the four moments in the act of perception, according to Dupuche (2003:59-60). Accordingly, “consciousness emits the object [i.e., udyoga—‘exertion’]. The second stage is avabhāsa, the manifestation of reality. The third is the absorption, the relishing or savouring (carvaṇa) of reality. The final stage is dissolution when reality is reabsorbed in its every aspect (viśrānti) of subjectivity. For example, ... at first there is will to perceive a jar (udyoga), then there is actual perception of the jar (avabhāsa), relishing of the perceptive experience (carvaṇa), and finally assimilating the perceptive experience of the jar to the essential nature of the Self”.

Note: In one place, the Mahānayaprakāśa (by unknown author) verse 3.1 lists these four as 1) udaya—‘arising’, 2) avabhāsa —‘manifestation’. 3) kālagrāsa—‘assimilation of time (into non-temporal consciousness)’. 4) svarūpaviśrānti—‘repose in one’s own nature’.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

carvaṇa (चर्वण).—n (S) Chewing. 2 Chewing matériel; parched corn &c.

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carvaṇā (चर्वणा).—f S (Chewing.) A figure in Rhetoric. Reiteration of a subject in rising and swelling strains (whether of rapture or disgust). Hence (in an inculcation, injunction &c.) dwelling or insisting upon with emphatic reiteration; employing every form of expression and every variety of argument.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

carvaṇa (चर्वण).—n Chewing. carvita p Chewed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Carvaṇa (चर्वण) or Carvaṇā (चर्वणा).—[carv bhāve lyuṭ]

1) Chewing, eating.

2) Sipping, tasting.

3) Food which must be chewed, solid food.

4) (Fig.) Tasting, relishing, enjoying; प्रमाणं चर्वणैवात्र स्वाभिन्ने विदुषां मतम् (pramāṇaṃ carvaṇaivātra svābhinne viduṣāṃ matam) S. D.57; (com. = carvaṇā āsvādanaṃ tacca svādaḥ kāvyārthasaṃbhedādātmānandasamudbhava ityuktaprakāram); so also; निष्पत्त्या चर्वणस्यास्य निष्पत्तिरुपचारतः (niṣpattyā carvaṇasyāsya niṣpattirupacārataḥ) 58.

Derivable forms: carvaṇam (चर्वणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Carvaṇa (चर्वण) or Carvvaṇa.—n.

(-ṇaṃ) Chewing, masticating. E. carv to chew, and bhāve lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Carvaṇa (चर्वण).—i. e. carv + ana, n. 1. Chewing. 2. Tasting, Sāh. D. 30, 17; also fem. ṇā, 30, 2. 3. Food, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 13, 35.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Carvaṇa (चर्वण).—[neuter] chewing, sipping, tasting (also [feminine] ā); food, nourishment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Carvaṇa (चर्वण):—[from carv] n. ‘chewing’ See carvita-

2) [v.s. ...] tasting, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa iii, 26]

3) [v.s. ...] ‘to be chewed’, solid food, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 13, 35]

4) Carvaṇā (चर्वणा):—[from carvaṇa > carv] f. tasting, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa iii, 26]

5) [v.s. ...] a molar tooth, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

6) [v.s. ...] [varia lectio] for rmaṇā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Carvaṇa (चर्वण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. Chewing.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Carvaṇa (चर्वण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Cavvaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Carvana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Carvana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Carvaṇa (चर्वण) [Also spelled charvan]:—(nm) masticating, masticational chewing; relishing; also ~[ṇā] (nf).

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Carvaṇa (ಚರ್ವಣ):—

1) [noun] the act of biting and grinding or crushing (eatables) with the teeth; chewing.

2) [noun] (fig.) a recollecting something and thinking over it again and again.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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