Peya, Peyā: 20 definitions
Peya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Pey.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Peyā (पेया) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “thin gruel”, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. Gruel is a type of soup usually having with some type of cereal as a base.Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Peya (पेय) or Peyavarga is another name for Kṣīrādi: the fifteenth chapter of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Rāja-nighaṇṭu is a medical lexicon ascribed originally known as the Abhidhānacuṇāmaṇi. It mentions the names of 1483 medicinal drugs (auṣadhi) and substances (dravya) excluding synonyms, grouped into twenty-two chapters [viz., Peya-varga].Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
1) Peya (पेय) refers to “food to be drunk” and represents one of the six kinds of food (anna), according to the Vālmīki-Rāmāyaṇa Ayodhyākāṇḍa 94.20, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Vālmīkirāmāyaṇa gives us a five-fold classification of food items, which are [viz., peya].
2) Peya (पेय) or Peyā (पेया) refers to one of the various types of “gruels” (usually refers to a food preparation with cereal boiled in water or milk), as mentioned in the Kṛtānnavarga, which is a subsection of the Annapānavidhi of the Sūtrasthāna of the Suśrutasaṃhitā, an important Ayurvedic treatise. The discourses of the teacher Divodasa are believed to be summarised by his disciple Suśruta, who wrote the work Suśrutasaṃhitā in 4th century CE. [...] Kṛtānna-varga, the subsection of Annapānavidhi describes the preparations and properties of different types of gruels like peya, vilepi, maṇḍa, pāyasa, mudgayūṣa and kṛsara, meat dishes like ullupta, vesavāra, etc.
Peya refers to a type of Yavāgu or “rice gruel”, as described in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—According to Bhojanakutūhala, rice gruels are prepared by boiling rice in water. Different types of rice gruels are described here, the water content being different. For yavāgu generally the quantity of water taken is six times that of the measure of rice. If the quantity of water is four times, it is called vilepī. If it is fourteen times, then it is peyā. The text also describes another type of gruel viz. yūṣā which is slightly heavier than the last variety, i.e. peyā. [...]Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Peya (पेय, “gruel”) is the name of a Sanskrit technical term as defined in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva..—Peya (gruel) can be said as gruel with more water and less solid factor. Generally grains are cooked in decoctions or with raw drugs to prepare peya.Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Peya (पेय):—Thin gruel of rice along with its solid portion (Siktha). To prepare Peya, 14 parts of water and 1 part of broken rice are taken and boiled well till all the rice particles become soft. It increases digestive fire.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Peya is rice boiled with fourteen times its weight of water and turned semi-liquid.
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Biology (plants and animals)
Peya in India is the name of a plant defined with Careya arborea in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Careya arborea Roxb. & Roxb. (among others).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Flora Indica (1832)
· Bangladesh J. Pharmacol. (2008)
· Pl. Corom. (1811)
· Hortus Bengalensis (1814)
· Fitoterapia (2003)
· Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae (Mueller) (1866)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Peya, for example extract dosage, pregnancy safety, side effects, health benefits, chemical composition, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
pēya (पेय).—a S (Possible, proper, purposed &c.) to be drunk, drinkable.
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pēya (पेय).—f A disorder of the belly, attacking cattle.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
pēya (पेय).—a Drinkable.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Peya (पेय).—a. [pā-pāne karmaṇi yat]
1) Drinkable, fit to be quaffed or drunk; भोज्यं पेयं तथा चूष्यं लेह्यं खाद्यं च चर्वणम् । निष्पेयं चैव भक्ष्यं स्यादन्नमष्टविधं स्मृतम् (bhojyaṃ peyaṃ tathā cūṣyaṃ lehyaṃ khādyaṃ ca carvaṇam | niṣpeyaṃ caiva bhakṣyaṃ syādannamaṣṭavidhaṃ smṛtam) Rājanighaṇṭu.
-yam 1 Water.
3) A drink, beverage.
-yā 1 Rice-gruel.
2) A drink mixed with a small quantity of boiled rice.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Drinkable, drink. n.
(-yaṃ) 1. Water. 2. Milk. f.
(-yā) 1. Rice gruel. 2. Decoction of any thing after straining. 3. Any drink with a small quantity of boiled rice. 4. A nise, (Pimpinella anisum.) E. pā to drink, aff. yat .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Peya (पेय).—[adjective] to be drunk, drinkable; [neuter] drink, beverage.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Peya (पेय):—[from pepīyamāna] mfn. to be drunk or quaffed, drinkable, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] to be tasted, tastable, [Mahābhārata] (opp. to ghreya, spṛśya etc.)
3) [v.s. ...] to be taken (as medicine), [Caraka]
4) [v.s. ...] to be drunk in or enjoyed by (cf. śrotra-p)
5) [v.s. ...] m. (sc. yajña-kratu) a drink offering, libation, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]
6) Peyā (पेया):—[from peya > pepīyamāna] f. rice gruel or any drink mixed with a small quantity of boiled rice, [Mahābhārata; Caraka; Suśruta]
7) [v.s. ...] a species of anise (= miśreyā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) Peya (पेय):—[from pepīyamāna] n. a drink, beverage, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Peya (पेय):—(yaṃ) 1. n. Water; milk. f. (yā) Rice gruel; anise. a. Drinkable.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Peyā (पेया) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pijjā, Peā, Peyā.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Peya (पेय) [Also spelled pey]:—(nm) a beverage; (a) drinkable; potable; hence ~[tā] (nf); —[padārtha] a beverage,
Peyā (पेया) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Peyā.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
1) [noun] that which is fit to be drunk.
2) [noun] any liquid for drinking; a beverage; a drink.
3) [noun] water.
4) [noun] milk.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+1): Peya-verutti, Peyakatti, Peyakkatukkay, Peyal, Peyala, Peyalam, Peyameratti, Peyammanpaccarici, Peyar cintil, Peyara, Peyarcollan, Peyarcollatatu, Peyartanam, Peyarttavakkoti, Peyarttavam, Peyatanam, Peyatti, Peyavarai, Peyavarga, Peyavirai.
Ends with (+34): Abhippeya, Agrapeya, Ahippeya, Akashapeya, Anapeya, Annapeya, Antahpeya, Anupeya, Apeya, Ashvapeya, Aupeya, Campeya, Champeya, Dashapeya, Dugdhapeya, Gaupeya, Jhampeya, Kakapeya, Kapeya, Kashyapeya.
Full-text (+174): Peja, Annapeya, Pijja, Pea, Vajapeya, Agrapeya, Kakapeya, Apeya, Lajapeya, Antahpeya, Peyya, Purvapeya, Madhupeya, Shrotrapeya, Dashapeya, Vilepi, Vajapeyahautra, Vajapeyahotrisaptaka, Vajapeyarajasuya, Vajapeyastomaprayoga.
Search found 17 books and stories containing Peya, Peyā, Pēya, Pēyā; (plurals include: Peyas, Peyās, Pēyas, Pēyās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Khadira-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 9.109.2 < [Sukta 109]
Rig Veda 5.29.3 < [Sukta 29]
Rig Veda 6.44.21 < [Sukta 44]
Satapatha-brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa V, adhyāya 2, brāhmaṇa 1 < [Fifth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa V, adhyāya 1, brāhmaṇa 4 < [Fifth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa V, adhyāya 1, brāhmaṇa 3 < [Fifth Kāṇḍa]
The Markandeya Purana (Study) (by Chandamita Bhattacharya)
Food and Drink (Introduction) < [Chapter 2]
The backdrop of the Srikanthacarita and the Mankhakosa (by Dhrubajit Sarma)
Part 6 - Kavisamaya or the poetic convention < [Chapter III - Literary Assessment Of The Śrīkaṇṭhacarita]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)