Bijakshara, Bījākṣara, Bija-akshara: 10 definitions


Bijakshara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bījākṣara can be transliterated into English as Bijaksara or Bijakshara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Bijakshar.

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In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Bijakshara in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Bījākṣara (बीजाक्षर) or simply Bīja refers to “sead-syllables”, according to Tantric texts such as the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—The seed-syllable [i.e., bīja-akṣara] of the goddess, like that of any deity, is her sonic body. One might say it is her iconic form made of sound. Moreover, a deity’s seed-syllable is, in a sense, a condensed form of that deity’s mantra (or Vidyā if the deity is a goddess). Although the texts do not normally express themselves in this way, one could say that the Goddess’s Vidyā is her gross sonic body in relation to her seed-syllable, which is the subtle one.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Bījākṣara (बीजाक्षर) refers to “seed syllables”, according to the Vāruṇī Pūjā [i.e., Varuni Worship] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Immersed in the heat of a flaming fire impelled by wind, seed syllables etc. (bījākṣara-ādika), a very young, bright colored, beautiful liquid, widely diffused, settled down, born of a Hūṃ, becoming pure liquefied immortality, becoming divine like Pātāla, with seven milky oceans, attract to one's self the five ambrosias”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bijakshara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bījākṣara (बीजाक्षर).—m (S) A cabalistic letter. See bīja.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bījākṣara (बीजाक्षर).—m A caballistic letter.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bijakshara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bījākṣara (बीजाक्षर).—the first syllable of a Mantra.

Derivable forms: bījākṣaram (बीजाक्षरम्).

Bījākṣara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bīja and akṣara (अक्षर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bījākṣara (बीजाक्षर):—[from bīja] n. the first syllable of a Mantra or spell, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Bijakshara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bijakshara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bījākṣara (बीजाक्षर) [Also spelled bijakshar]:—(nm the first letter of a [maṃtra]; code characters.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bijakshara in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bījākṣara (ಬೀಜಾಕ್ಷರ):—[noun] a mystical syllable in a hymn.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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