Arhant: 5 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Arhant means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Arhant (अर्हन्त्).—also (MIndic) arahant, q.v., the ideal personage in Hīnayāna Buddhism, fourth and last stage in religious development (see srota-āpanna), Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 1.6 et passim. In Mahāvyutpatti 4, 5138, etymologically rendered Tibetan dgra bcom pa, having conquered the enemy, as if ari plus root han! Fem. arhantī Avadāna-śataka ii.4.12; Śikṣāsamuccaya 171.16; arhantinī Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.22.9 (prose); abstract arhattva, nt., Mahāvyutpatti 5137 etc.

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Arhant (अर्हन्त्) or Arhavant.—(§ 22.50; not otherwise recorded; m.c.?): Lalitavistara 283.7, repeated 19 (verses), bhāvi (read bhāvī m.c.) tvam adyārhavān, thou shalt become an arhat today (no v.l.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arhant (अर्हन्त्).— (ptcple. of the pres. of arh), f. hatī, Venerable, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 112.

— Superlat. arkattama, Most venerable, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 128.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arhant (अर्हन्त्).—[adjective] deserving, entitled to ([accusative]); worthy, venerable, [superlative] arhattama [masculine] an Arhant, i.e. a Jaina saint.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Arhant (अर्हन्त्):—(part. praes. von arh)

1) adj. a) verdienend, Ansprüche auf Etwas (acc.) habend [Ṛgveda 1, 94, 1. 2, 3, 3. 5, 7, 2.] statt des verb. fin. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 133.] arhanniha bhavānvidyām [Scholiast] — b) vermögend, dürfend [Ṛgveda 2, 3, 1. 5, 52, 5. 10, 2, 2. 99, 7.] — c) würdig, subst. ein Würdiger [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 157.] [Medinīkoṣa t. 84.] tadyathaivādo manuṣyarāja āgate nyasminvārhatyukṣāṇaṃ vā vehataṃ vā kṣadante [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 1, 15.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 3, 4, 1, 3. 6.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 51.] [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 55. 5, 11.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 6, 56.] [Śākuntala 112.] arhattama überaus ehrwürdig [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 128.] anarhant [Duaupadīpramātha 6, 20.] — d) gelobt (stuta) [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] —

2) m. a) ein Buddha [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 10.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 81.] [Medinīkoṣa t. 84.] — b) die höchste Würde in der buddh. Hierarchie (kṣapaṇaka) [Medinīkoṣa t. 84.] [Burnouf 294.] [Lot. de Lassen’s Anthologie b. l. 287.] — c) ein Arhant oder Obergott bei den Jaina [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 24. fgg.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 157.] devo rhan (v. l. arhatāṃ devaḥ) [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 58, 45] in [Weber’s Verzeichniss 246]; vgl. auch [No. 964.]

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Arhant (अर्हन्त्):—

1) c) arhattama [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 3, 5.] —

2) a) [Oxforder Handschriften 264,b,21.]

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Arhant (अर्हन्त्):—

2) c) [Hemacandra] [Yogaśāstra 1, 1. 2, 4. 3, 148.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Arhant (अर्हन्त्):——

1) Adj. — a) verdienend , Ansprüche auf Etwas (Acc.) habend. — b) vermögend , dürfend. — c) würdig , ein Würdiger. arhattama Superl. — d) *gepriesen.

2) m. — a) ein Buddha. — b) Bez. der höchsten Würde in der buddh. Hierarchie. — c) Obergott bei den Jaina.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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