Anangakrida, aka: Ananga-krida, Anaṅgakrīḍā; 4 Definition(s)
Anangakrida means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
1) Anaṅgakrīḍā (अनङ्गक्रीडा) is a type of mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) described in the second chapter of Kedārabhaṭṭa’s Vṛttaratnākara. The Vṛttaratnākara is considered as most popular work in Sanskrit prosody, because of its rich and number of commentaries. Kedārabhaṭṭa (C. 950-1050 C.E.) was a celebrated author in Sanskrit prosody.
2) Anaṅgakrīḍā (अनङ्गक्रीडा) refers to one of the thirty-four mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) mentioned in the Garuḍapurāṇa. The Garuḍapurāṇa also deals with the science of prosody (eg., the anaṅga-krīḍā) in its six chapters 207-212. The chapters comprise 5, 18, 41, 7 and 9 verses respectively.(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
General definition (in Jainism)
Anaṅgakrīḍā (अनङ्गक्रीडा) refers to “love-play” and represents one of the transgressions (aticāra) of the Brahma-vrata (vow of celibacy).—Siddhasena Gaṇin (in his commentary on the Tattvārtha-sūtra 7.23) understands by anaṅga-krīḍā a combination of methods to heighten sexual passion: the use of artificial phalli made of wood, leather, clay, and other constituents, caressing the sexual organs, pulling the hair, biting and marking with the nails. Such practices he says, result in disease for the persons who give way to them.
Haribhadra’s definition (see his commentary on the Āvaśyaka-sūtra p. 825a) is virtually the same: caressing a woman after coitus in order to re-inflame desire, and with Abhayadeva (in his commentary on the Śrāvaka-charma-pañcāśaka) he offers in addition an alternative interpretation: toying (krīḍā) with parts of the body—the breasts, loins, armpits or face—other than the sexual organs (literally an-aṅga “not the organ”); Hemacandra and Siddhasena Sūri leave the choice open between this second version and that of Siddhasena Gaṇin. This offence may be regarded as an aticāra not a bhaṅga because it refers to caresses and love-play, and not to the complete sexual act (see Hemacandra’s Yogaśāstra 3.94).
The Digambara authorities, including in this case Āśādhara (see his Sāgāra-dharmāmṛta 4.58), understand this aticāra to include various sexual deviations, particularly fellatio and cunnilinguism.(Source): archive.org: Jaina Yoga
Anaṅgakrīḍā (अनङ्गक्रीडा) refers to “perverted sexual activities” and represents one of the five transgressions (aticara) of the “minor vow of celibacy” (brahmacarya-aṇuvrata) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 28.—What is meant by cohort (anaṅga-krīḍā)? What is meant by perverted sexual activities ()? It means to use organs not meant for sexual activities for sexual gratification.(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Anaṅgakrīḍā (अनङ्गक्रीडा).—[tṛ. ta.]
1) amorous sports.
2) Name of a metre of two lines, the first with 16 long, and second with 32 short, syllables.
Anaṅgakrīḍā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms anaṅga and krīḍā (क्रीडा).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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