Ananga, Anaṅga, Anaṅgā: 18 definitions



Ananga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Anaṅga (अनङ्ग).—Son of Kardamaprajāpati, and a king reputed for his love of the people and unparallelled integrity. He had a son called Atibala. (Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 59, Verse 91).

2) Anaṅga (अनङ्ग).—(See Kāmadeva).

3) Anaṅga (अनङ्ग).—A river in ancient India. (Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 35).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग) is the name of a deity corresponding to a “Rudraksha with seven faces” (Saptavaktra), according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.25, while explaining the greatness of Rudrākṣa:—“[...] a Rudrākṣa with seven faces (Saptavaktra), O Maheśāni, is called Anaṅga. O Deveśī, by wearing it even a poor man becomes a great lord”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Anaṅga (अनङ्ग).—A madhyamādhvaryu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 33. 17.

1b) Another name of God of Love, after he was burnt to ashes by Śiva.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 7. 23; 23. 30; 154. 272; 291. 32; Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 48.

2) Anaṅgā (अनङ्गा).—Was the Apsaras sent by Indra to ruin Hari's tapas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 61. 22.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Anaṅga) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग) is the deity to be worshipped in the month Mārgaśīrṣa for the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-Vrata, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-vrata is observed in honour of Śiva for acquiring virtue, great fortune, wealth and for destruction of sins [...] This vrata is to be performed for a year from Mārgaśīra.—In the month of Mārgaśīrṣa, the performer should brush his teeth with the piece of mallikā-wood. The food taken is madhu. The deity to be worshipped is Anaṅga. The flowers used in worship are malati. The naivedya offerings are Fruits. The result accrued is ten aśvamedha sacrifices.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग) refers to one of the ten kinds of wishing-trees (kalpa), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] among the Utttarakuras the land is naturally beautiful, with sand as sweet as sugar and waters resembling autumn-moonlight. Ten kinds of wishing-trees [viz., Anaṅga] always give to the people whatever they desire without effort on their part. [...] the Anaṅgas furnish various kinds of divine apparel, [...] These give definite objects, and also indefinite ones; and other wishing-trees there give all things desired. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

anaṅga (अनंग).—m The god of love. Cupid.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग).—a. [na. ba.]

1) Bodiless, without a body; formless, incorporeal; त्वमनङ्गः कथमक्षता रतिः (tvamanaṅgaḥ kathamakṣatā ratiḥ) Ku.4.9.

2) Different from the body.

3) Without a supplement or auxiliary.

-ṅgaḥ 1 Cupid (the bodiless one; so called from his having been reduced to ashes by Siva with the fire of his third eye, when he tried to seduce the God's mind towards Pārvatī for the birth of a deliverer of the Gods from Tāraka.)

2) Wind.

3) A goblin.

4) A shadow, cf. अनङ्गे मन्मथे वायौ पिशाचच्छाययोरपि (anaṅge manmathe vāyau piśācacchāyayorapi) Nm.

-ṅgam 1 Sky, air, ether.

2) The mind (ākāśasya niravayavatvāt nyāyavaiśeṣikamate cittasya aguṇatvena tasya tathātvam).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग).—name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 247.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग).—mfn.

(-ṅga-ṅgā-ṅgaṃ) Bodiless, incorporeal. m.

(-ṅgaḥ) A name of Kama, the Hindu deity of love. n.

(-ṅgaṃ) 1. Heaven, æther or the atmosphere. 2. The mind or faculty of reasoning. E. an neg. and aṅga body; as applicable to Kama, it alludes to his having been reduced to ashes, by the eye of Siva, for having distributed his devotions, and rendered him enamoured of Parvati.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग).—m. Kāma, the god of love.

Anaṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms an and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग).—[adjective] bodiless; [masculine] the god of love.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anaṅga (अनङ्ग):—[=an-aṅga] mf(ā)n. bodiless, incorporeal

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Kāma (god of love, so called because he was made bodiless by a flash from the eye of Śiva, for having attempted to disturb his life of austerity by filling him with love for Pārvatī)

3) [v.s. ...] n. the ether, air, sky, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] the mind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] that which is not the aṅga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग):—I. [tatpurusha compound] n.

(-ṅgam) What is different from or other than the aṅga q. v. E. a neg. and aṅga. Ii. [bahuvrihi compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgā-ṅgam) Bodiless, incorporeal. 2. m.

(-ṅgaḥ) A name of Kāma, the god of Love; so called, ‘because he was reduced to ashes, by the eye of Śiva, for having disturbed his devotions and rendered him enamoured of Pārvatī’. 3. n.

(-ṅgam) 1) Sky, æther.

2) The same as manas q. v. E. a priv. and aṅga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग):—[ana+ṅga] (ṅgaḥ) 1. m. A name of Kāma or Cupid. 1. n. Sky; mind.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग):—1. (3. a + aṅga) n. nicht das aṅga, das aṅga ausgenommen [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 4, 1, 29.]

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Anaṅga (अनङ्ग):—2. (wie eben)

1) adj. körperlos, geistig.

2) m. ein Beiname des Liebesgottes [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 20.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 54.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 227.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 57.] [Medinīkoṣa g. 28.] [Śākuntala 55.] [Ṛtusaṃhāra 1, 12.] [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 9.] [Upakośā 11.] [Dhūrtasamāgama 69, 5.] Die Mythe über den Ursprung seines Namens wird [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 25.] erzählt. anaṅgadvādaśī heisst der 83ste, anaṅgatrayodaśavrata der 87ste Adhyāya des [BHAVIṢYOTTARAPURĀṆA] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 468.] —

3) n. a) Luft [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 54] (lies: anaṅgaṃ khe). [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 57.] [Medinīkoṣa g. 28.] — b) der Geist [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa]

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Anaṅga (अनङ्ग):—2.

1) oxyt. gliedlos [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 7, 5, 12, 2.] —

2) Geschlechtsliebe: talpe varāṅganānaṅgasarvasvam (sāram) [Spr. 2624.] anaṅgadvādaśī und trayodaśī (so ist zu lesen; vgl. [Oxforder Handschriften 34,b,22]) Bezz. eines best. zwölften und dreizehnten Tages; das [83te] Kapitel im [PURĀṆA] heisst anaṅgadvādaśīvrata. anaṅgadānavrata [Oxforder Handschriften 41,a,10.] —

4) f. ā a) Name der Dākṣāyaṇī in Bharatāśrama [Oxforder Handschriften 39,b,26.] — b) Nomen proprium eines Flusses [Mahābhārata 6, 342, ed. Bomb.] (maniṅgā ed. Calc.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग):—1. n. kein unwesentlicher Theil (einer Opferhandlung) [Jaimini's Mimāṃsādarśana 4,4,19.] Davon Nom.abstr. tva n. [6,3,30.]

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Anaṅga (अनङ्ग):—2. —

1) Adj. gliedlos , körperlos [52,16.] —

2) m. — a) der Liebesgott [130,11.296,15.] — b) Geschlechtsliebe [Indische sprüche 5776.] — c) in der Astrol. das 7te Haus [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 9,2.] —

3) f. ā — a) Name der Dākhāyaṇī. — b) Nomen proprium eines Flusses. —

4) *n. — a) Luft , Luftraum. — b) der Geist.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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