Ananga, Anaṅga, Anaṅgā, Anamga: 26 definitions


Ananga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Anaṅga (अनङ्ग).—Son of Kardamaprajāpati, and a king reputed for his love of the people and unparallelled integrity. He had a son called Atibala. (Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 59, Verse 91).

2) Anaṅga (अनङ्ग).—(See Kāmadeva).

3) Anaṅga (अनङ्ग).—A river in ancient India. (Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 35).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Anaṅga (अनङ्ग) is the name of a deity corresponding to a “Rudraksha with seven faces” (Saptavaktra), according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.25, while explaining the greatness of Rudrākṣa:—“[...] a Rudrākṣa with seven faces (Saptavaktra), O Maheśāni, is called Anaṅga. O Deveśī, by wearing it even a poor man becomes a great lord”.

2) Anaṅga (अनङ्ग) refers to “one without a body”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.19 (“Kāma’s destruction by Śiva”).—Accordingly, as Śiva said to the Gods: “O gods, O sages, all of you listen attentively to my words. What has happened, thanks to my fury, cannot be altered. The lord Kāma, the husband of Rati, shall remain bodiless [i.e., anaṅga] till Viṣṇu incarnates as Kṛṣṇa on the earth and marries Rukmiṇī. Kṛṣṇa will beget Kāma in Rukmiṇī when he goes to Dvārakā and begins to procreate children. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Anaṅga (अनङ्ग).—A madhyamādhvaryu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 33. 17.

1b) Another name of God of Love, after he was burnt to ashes by Śiva.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 7. 23; 23. 30; 154. 272; 291. 32; Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 48.

2) Anaṅgā (अनङ्गा).—Was the Apsaras sent by Indra to ruin Hari's tapas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 61. 22.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Anaṅga) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग) is the deity to be worshipped in the month Mārgaśīrṣa for the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-Vrata, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-vrata is observed in honour of Śiva for acquiring virtue, great fortune, wealth and for destruction of sins [...] This vrata is to be performed for a year from Mārgaśīra.—In the month of Mārgaśīrṣa, the performer should brush his teeth with the piece of mallikā-wood. The food taken is madhu. The deity to be worshipped is Anaṅga. The flowers used in worship are malati. The naivedya offerings are Fruits. The result accrued is ten aśvamedha sacrifices.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Anaṅga (अनङ्ग) refers to one of the eight Heroes (nāyaka-aṣṭaka) associated with Candrapīṭha (or Candrapīṭhapura), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight Heroes (nāyakāṣṭaka): Vibhūti, Varavīreśa, Sarvajñakamala, Kāmeśa, Kaustubha, Kāmārta, Tripurāntaka, Anaṅga.

2) Anaṅgā (अनङ्गा) refers to one of the eight Kaula consorts (dūtī-aṣṭaka) associated with Candrapīṭha (or Candrapīṭhapura).—[...] The eight Kaula consorts (dūtyaṣṭaka): Anaṅgā, Anaṅgadūtī, Vidyādūtī, Nādadūtī, Nirācārā, Mālinī, Samayā, Śaktidūtī

3) Anaṅga (अनङ्ग) or Anaṅgājñā refers to the Command (ājñā) associated with Nāda, one of the eight Sacred Seats (pīṭha), according to the Yogakhaṇḍa (chapter 14) of the Manthānabhairavatantra.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग) or Anaṅgaśakti refers to the eight powers of the bodiless love-god, to be installed on the petals of the eight-petalled lotuses, according to the Kāmasiddhi-stuti (also Vāmakeśvarī-stuti) and the Vāmakeśvaratantra (also known as Nityāṣoḍaśikārṇava).

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaiva philosophy

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग) refers to “air” (symbolically referring to empty speculation), according to Utpaladeva’s Vivṛti on Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikā 1.5.6.—Accordingly, “[...] Thus some propound the theory of the six elements while not taking the sense organs into account in any way, [and] others defend the theory of the two [sorts of combinations of four elements—namely, the sort that produces consciousness and the one that does not—without taking imperceptible sense organs into account either]. And exactly in the same way, ordinary human practice [can] be entirely accounted for without any investigation about an absolutely imperceptible object [considered as] something more than phenomena. Therefore speculating about this [absolutely imperceptible object] is [nothing but] air (anaṅga). [...]”

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग) refers to one of the ten kinds of wishing-trees (kalpa), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] among the Utttarakuras the land is naturally beautiful, with sand as sweet as sugar and waters resembling autumn-moonlight. Ten kinds of wishing-trees [viz., Anaṅga] always give to the people whatever they desire without effort on their part. [...] the Anaṅgas furnish various kinds of divine apparel, [...] These give definite objects, and also indefinite ones; and other wishing-trees there give all things desired. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: Teachers, Saints and Sages

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग) is another name for Anaṅgapā: one of the eighty-four Siddhas (Siddhācāryas) of the Sahajayāna school, according to sources such as the Varṇaratnākara of Jyotirīśvara (i.e., the Varna-Ratnakara by Jyotirishwar Thakur).—The Sahaja-Yana is a philosophical and esoteric movement of Tantric Buddhism which had enormous influence in the Indian subcontinent and the Himalayas.—Many of these Mahāsiddhas [e.g., Anaṅga-pā] were historical figures whose lives and mystical powers were the subject of legends. They are often associated with teachings belonging to Hinduism, Buddhism, Ajivikism and Jainism such as the Nath Tradition.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Ananga in India is the name of a plant defined with Jasminum sambac in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Nyctanthes goa Steud. (among others).

2) Ananga in Uganda is also identified with Ficus thonningii It has the synonym Urostigma dekdekena Miq. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Cytologia (1992)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1825)
· Investigatio et Studium Naturae (1992)
· Flora (1864)
· Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzenge schichte und Pflanzengeographie (1894)
· Hort. Suburb. Calcutt. (1845)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Ananga, for example pregnancy safety, health benefits, extract dosage, diet and recipes, chemical composition, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

anaṅga (अनंग).—m The god of love. Cupid.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग).—a. [na. ba.]

1) Bodiless, without a body; formless, incorporeal; त्वमनङ्गः कथमक्षता रतिः (tvamanaṅgaḥ kathamakṣatā ratiḥ) Kumārasambhava 4.9.

2) Different from the body.

3) Without a supplement or auxiliary.

-ṅgaḥ 1 Cupid (the bodiless one; so called from his having been reduced to ashes by Siva with the fire of his third eye, when he tried to seduce the God's mind towards Pārvatī for the birth of a deliverer of the Gods from Tāraka.)

2) Wind.

3) A goblin.

4) A shadow, cf. अनङ्गे मन्मथे वायौ पिशाचच्छाययोरपि (anaṅge manmathe vāyau piśācacchāyayorapi) Nm.

-ṅgam 1 Sky, air, ether.

2) The mind (ākāśasya niravayavatvāt nyāyavaiśeṣikamate cittasya aguṇatvena tasya tathātvam).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग).—name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 247.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग).—mfn.

(-ṅga-ṅgā-ṅgaṃ) Bodiless, incorporeal. m.

(-ṅgaḥ) A name of Kama, the Hindu deity of love. n.

(-ṅgaṃ) 1. Heaven, æther or the atmosphere. 2. The mind or faculty of reasoning. E. an neg. and aṅga body; as applicable to Kama, it alludes to his having been reduced to ashes, by the eye of Siva, for having distributed his devotions, and rendered him enamoured of Parvati.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग).—m. Kāma, the god of love.

Anaṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms an and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग).—[adjective] bodiless; [masculine] the god of love.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anaṅga (अनङ्ग):—[=an-aṅga] mf(ā)n. bodiless, incorporeal

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Kāma (god of love, so called because he was made bodiless by a flash from the eye of Śiva, for having attempted to disturb his life of austerity by filling him with love for Pārvatī)

3) [v.s. ...] n. the ether, air, sky, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] the mind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] that which is not the aṅga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग):—I. [tatpurusha compound] n.

(-ṅgam) What is different from or other than the aṅga q. v. E. a neg. and aṅga. Ii. [bahuvrihi compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgā-ṅgam) Bodiless, incorporeal. 2. m.

(-ṅgaḥ) A name of Kāma, the god of Love; so called, ‘because he was reduced to ashes, by the eye of Śiva, for having disturbed his devotions and rendered him enamoured of Pārvatī’. 3. n.

(-ṅgam) 1) Sky, æther.

2) The same as manas q. v. E. a priv. and aṅga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग):—[ana+ṅga] (ṅgaḥ) 1. m. A name of Kāma or Cupid. 1. n. Sky; mind.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Anaṅga (अनङ्ग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṇaṃga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ananga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Aṇaṃga (अणंग) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Anaṅga.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Anaṃga (ಅನಂಗ):—

1) [adjective] not consisting of matter; without material body or substance; incorporeal; bodiless; formless.

2) [adjective] not consisting of limbs or organs.

--- OR ---

Anaṃga (ಅನಂಗ):—

1) [noun] Manmatha, the Hindu Love-God.

2) [noun] the sky.

3) [noun] the air or atmosphere.

4) [noun] the thinking faculty in animals.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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