Aticara, aka: Aticāra; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Aticara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Atichara.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Aticāra (अतिचार) refers to “acceleration”, as described, for example in the Siddhānta-darpaṇa 3.29, “If in a saura-varṣa, guru in its sphuṭa motion goes to next rāśi at higher speed (aticāra), and does not return to the same rāśi, that year is called mahācāra-kāla. This year is as bad and inauspicious as a lupta-saṃvatsara”.

Another example of aticāra (“crossing”) is given in the Harivaṃśa Purāṇa 2.23.26, “The planet Mercury with his horrible lustre is rising from the western direction. (Such a symptom makes one lose his crown) Venus on the other hand is moving on the solar path rapidly, (crossing the sun is called aticāra)”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Aticāra (अतिचार, “infraction”).—The Upāsaka-daśāḥ supplied the frame-work of the vratas, each with its five typical aticāras or infractions, and the pratimās. Though the notion that these aticāras were intended only as examples (eg., Abhayadeva’s commentary on the Upāsaka-daśāḥ 1.55) is familiar to the older Śvetāmbara ācāryas, they soon became, in practice, the basis of a complete moral code. As the vratas and their aticāras represent the nucleus of the whole lay doctrine any variation in their presentation must be of considerable significance.

Where aticāras of a vrata are given (for some Digambaras do not note any) they are always, except in a few cases in the Yaśastilaka, five in number. Five is also the number of the aṇu-vratas themselves (except where arātri-bhojana is recognized as a vrata). Haribhadra, in his Śrāvaka-dharma-pañcāśaka, explains that they are five, and not four like the mahā-vratas in the times of the twenty-two earlier tīrthaṅkaras, because Śailaka-rājā accepted the śrāvaka-dharma in the guise offive aṇu-vratas and seven other vratas in the presence of Sthāpatya-putra, the pupil of Neminātha.

(Source): archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Aticāra (अतिचार, “transgression”).—Under ahiṃsāṇuvrata, the aticāras or the “don’ts” of the vrata give in detail the acts to be avoided in our attitude and treatment towards animals. For instance, bandhana, one of the transgressions, is keeping anything under captivity without any consideration for its freedom to exist or live. This includes rearing animals without adequate shelter, air, light, space and food.

(Source): Shodhganga: Environmental awareness in Jainism

Aticāra (अतिचार, “transgression”) refers to one of the four “subsidiary dispositions which cause non observance of the vows” according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.23. What is meant by transgression (aticāra)? It means to show laziness /laxity in observing or performing the essential duties or the vows of the householders. What is meant by transgression? To indulge in the sensual pleasures even once is transgression.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Aticāra, (from aticarati) transgression Vv 158 (= aticca cāra VvA. 72). (Page 19)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

aticara (अतिचर).—a S That is under accelerated motion--a planet.

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aticāra (अतिचार).—m S Accelerated motion (of a planet).

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aticara (अतिचर).—a. Very changeable, transient.

-rā [atikramya svasthānaṃ saro'ntaraṃ gacchati] Name of the shrub Hibiscus Mutabilis (padminī, sthalapadminī or padmacāriṇīlatā).

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Aticāra (अतिचार).—

1) Transgression.

2) Excelling.

3) Overtaking &c.

4) Accelerated motion of planets (kujādi- pañcagrahāṇāṃ svasvākrāntarāśiṣu bhogakālamullaṅghya rāśyantaragamanam); passage from one zodiacal sign to another.

5) Violation of justice Kau. A.4.

Derivable forms: aticāraḥ (अतिचारः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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