Aticara, Aticāra: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Aticara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Atichara.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Aticāra (अतिचार) refers to “acceleration”, as described, for example in the Siddhānta-darpaṇa 3.29, “If in a saura-varṣa, guru in its sphuṭa motion goes to next rāśi at higher speed (aticāra), and does not return to the same rāśi, that year is called mahācāra-kāla. This year is as bad and inauspicious as a lupta-saṃvatsara”.

Another example of aticāra (“crossing”) is given in the Harivaṃśa Purāṇa 2.23.26, “The planet Mercury with his horrible lustre is rising from the western direction. (Such a symptom makes one lose his crown) Venus on the other hand is moving on the solar path rapidly, (crossing the sun is called aticāra)”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Aticarā (अतिचरा) is another name for Sthalapadmī, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Ionidium suffruticosum Ging., synonym of Hybanthus enneaspermus or “spade flower” from the Hybanthus or “green violet” family of flowering plant, according to verse 5.81-83 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Aticarā and Sthalapadmī , there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Aticāra (अतिचार, “infraction”).—The Upāsaka-daśāḥ supplied the frame-work of the vratas, each with its five typical aticāras or infractions, and the pratimās. Though the notion that these aticāras were intended only as examples (e.g., Abhayadeva’s commentary on the Upāsaka-daśāḥ 1.55) is familiar to the older Śvetāmbara ācāryas, they soon became, in practice, the basis of a complete moral code. As the vratas and their aticāras represent the nucleus of the whole lay doctrine any variation in their presentation must be of considerable significance.

Where aticāras of a vrata are given (for some Digambaras do not note any) they are always, except in a few cases in the Yaśastilaka, five in number. Five is also the number of the aṇu-vratas themselves (except where arātri-bhojana is recognized as a vrata). Haribhadra, in his Śrāvaka-dharma-pañcāśaka, explains that they are five, and not four like the mahā-vratas in the times of the twenty-two earlier tīrthaṅkaras, because Śailaka-rājā accepted the śrāvaka-dharma in the guise offive aṇu-vratas and seven other vratas in the presence of Sthāpatya-putra, the pupil of Neminātha.

Source: Shodhganga: Environmental awareness in Jainism

Aticāra (अतिचार, “transgression”).—Under ahiṃsāṇuvrata, the aticāras or the “don’ts” of the vrata give in detail the acts to be avoided in our attitude and treatment towards animals. For instance, bandhana, one of the transgressions, is keeping anything under captivity without any consideration for its freedom to exist or live. This includes rearing animals without adequate shelter, air, light, space and food.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Aticāra (अतिचार, “transgression”) refers to one of the four “subsidiary dispositions which cause non observance of the vows” according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.23. What is meant by transgression (aticāra)? It means to show laziness /laxity in observing or performing the essential duties or the vows of the householders. What is meant by transgression? To indulge in the sensual pleasures even once is transgression.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Aticara in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Aticāra, (from aticarati) transgression Vv 158 (= aticca cāra VvA. 72). (Page 19)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aticara (अतिचर).—a S That is under accelerated motion--a planet.

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aticāra (अतिचार).—m S Accelerated motion (of a planet).

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aticara (अतिचर).—a. Very changeable, transient.

-rā [atikramya svasthānaṃ saro'ntaraṃ gacchati] Name of the shrub Hibiscus Mutabilis (padminī, sthalapadminī or padmacāriṇīlatā).

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Aticāra (अतिचार).—

1) Transgression.

2) Excelling.

3) Overtaking &c.

4) Accelerated motion of planets (kujādi- pañcagrahāṇāṃ svasvākrāntarāśiṣu bhogakālamullaṅghya rāśyantaragamanam); passage from one zodiacal sign to another.

5) Violation of justice Kau. A.4.

Derivable forms: aticāraḥ (अतिचारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aticara (अतिचर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-rī-raṃ) Going over or beyond, lit. or fig. f.

(-rā) A plant, (Hibiscus mutabilis.) See padmacāriṇī. E. aticara to go beyond, ac and ṭāp affs.

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Aticāra (अतिचार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Going quickly. 2. Going over or beyond. 3. Surpassing, excelling. 4. The passage of a planet from one zodiacal sing to another, in a shorter than common period. E. ati before cara to go, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aticāra (अतिचार).—[masculine] transgression.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aticara (अतिचर):—[=ati-cara] [from ati-car] mfn. transient, changeable

2) Aticarā (अतिचरा):—[=ati-carā] [from ati-cara > ati-car] f. the shrub Hibiscus Mutabilis.

3) Aticāra (अतिचार):—[=ati-cāra] [from ati-car] m. passing by, overtaking, surpassing

4) [v.s. ...] accelerated motion, especially of planets

5) [v.s. ...] transgression.

6) Atīcāra (अतीचार):—[=atī-cāra] m. = ati-c° (p. 13).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aticara (अतिचर):—[tatpurusha compound] I. m. f. n.

(-raḥ-rā-ram) Going very much. Ii. f.

(-rā) The name of a plant which grows in Bengal (Hibiscus mutabilis). See also padmacāriṇī, avyathā, padmā and cāraṭī. E. ati (very much) and cara, or ati (sc. krānta) and cara (going i. e. a living being, in the sense of the accusative); the plant being called so, because ‘it grows in impervious places and, therefore, goes beyond the reach of living beings’.

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Aticāra (अतिचार):—m.

(-raḥ) I.

1) Going over or beyond.

2) Surpassing, excelling. E. car with ati, kṛt aff. ghañ. Ii. [tatpurusha compound]

1) Going quickly.

2) The passage of a planet from one zodiacal sign to another, in a shorter than ordinary period. E. ati (exceedingly) and cāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aticarā (अतिचरा):—(rā) f. A plant (Hibiscus mutabilis).

2) Aticāra (अतिचार):—[ati-cāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Going beyond.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Aticara (अतिचर):—(ati + cara)

1) adj. sehr beweglich, sehr wandelbar.

2) f. Name eines kleinen Baumes, Hibiscus mutabilis, dessen Blüthen am Morgen weiss, um Mittag blassroth, am Abend dunkelroth sind, [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 5, 11.] [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Aticāra (अतिचार):—(von car mit ati) m.

1) schnelles Gehen; der beschleunigte Lauf eines Planeten (kujādipañcagrahāṇāṃ rāśibhāge kālāsamāptau rāśyantaragamanam). —

2) das Ueberholen (atikramya gamanam) [Śabdakalpadruma]

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Aticāra (अतिचार):—

3) Uebertretung [Hemacandra] [Yogaśāstra 3, 88.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Aticarā (अतिचरा):—f. Hibiscus mutabilis.

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Aticāra (अतिचार):—m.

1) *das Ueberholen.

2) *vorzeitiger Eintritt eines Planeten in ein anderes Sternbild.

3) Uebertretung.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Aticara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Aticāra (अतिचार) [Also spelled atichar]:—(nm) transgression, trespass; profanation, outrage, violation; ~[cārī] a trespasser; transgressing (prescribed) limits; outrageous.

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