Pratikriya, Pratikriyā: 13 definitions


Pratikriya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Pratikriyā (प्रतिक्रिया).—Counteracting agents such as mantras and medicines.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratikriya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratikriyā (प्रतिक्रिया).—f S A return, a recompense; an act in requital (whether of good or of evil). 2 An act to counterwork an act; a remedying, repairing, opposing &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pratikriyā (प्रतिक्रिया).—f A return, a recompense. Counteracting.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratikriya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratikriyā (प्रतिक्रिया).—

1) Recompense, requital.

2) Retaliation, revenge, retribution.

3) Counteracting, remedying, removal; पूरोत्पीडे तडागस्य परीवाहः प्रतिक्रिया (pūrotpīḍe taḍāgasya parīvāhaḥ pratikriyā) Uttararāmacarita 3.29; अहेतुः पक्षपातो यस्तस्य नास्ति प्रतिक्रिया (ahetuḥ pakṣapāto yastasya nāsti pratikriyā) Uttararāmacarita 5.17; R.15.4.

4) Opposition.

5) Personal decoration, embellishment, dress.

6) Protection.

7) Help, succour.

8) A fence.

9) Behaviour (ācaraṇa); नहि युक्ता तवैतस्य रूपस्यैवं प्रतिक्रिया (nahi yuktā tavaitasya rūpasyaivaṃ pratikriyā) Rām. 7.17.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratikriyā (प्रतिक्रिया).—f.

(-yā) 1. Return, requital. 2. Retaliation. 3. Remedying, counteracting. 4. Embellishment, decoration. 5. Protection. 6. Help, succour. E. prati, and kriyā act.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratikriyā (प्रतिक्रिया).—[prati-kriyā], f. 1. Counteracting, keeping off, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 1, 5. 2. A fence, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 92. 3. Remedying, help, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 31, 75; [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 73, 5. 4. Care, Mahābhārata 12, 2187. 5. Requital, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 4, 124.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratikriyā (प्रतिक्रिया).—[feminine] requital, retaliation, defence; remedy of, return for (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratikriyā (प्रतिक्रिया):—[=prati-kriyā] [from prati-kṛ] f. requital (of good or evil), retaliation, compensation, retribution, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] opposition, counteraction, prevention, remedy, help, [ib.] (ifc. = removing, destroying)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratikriyā (प्रतिक्रिया):—[prati-kriyā] (yā) 1. f. Requital, revenge; remedy; embellishment.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratikriyā (प्रतिक्रिया) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paḍikiriyā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratikriya in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratikriya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pratikriyā (प्रतिक्रिया):—: (nf) reaction; ~[kriyā-kalāpa] retroactivity; ~[kriyātmaka] reactionary; ~[kriyāvāda] reaction(ism); ~[kriyāvādī] reactionary; a reactionist.

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