Mahavastu [sanskrit]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 95.18

ये चाभ्यतीता संबुद्धा ये च बुद्धा अनागता ।
ये चैतरहिं संबुद्धा बहूनां शोकनाशका ।
धर्मं देशेन्ति सत्वानां बुद्धानां एषा धर्मता ॥ १८ ॥

ye cābhyatītā saṃbuddhā ye ca buddhā anāgatā |
ye caitarahiṃ saṃbuddhā bahūnāṃ śokanāśakā |
dharmaṃ deśenti satvānāṃ buddhānāṃ eṣā dharmatā || 18 ||

The perfect Buddhas that have been, those yet to come, and those that now are, the dispellers of the sorrows of the multitude, all have taught, will teach and do teach dharma to men, for such is the obligation of Buddhas. (18)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (95.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Yat, Abhyatita, Sambuddha, Buddha, Anagata, Ahi, Bahu, Shokanasha, Dharma, Satvat, Esha, Dharmata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 95.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “ye cābhyatītā saṃbuddhā ye ca buddhā anāgatā”
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ye (nominative plural)
    (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    ye (nominative dual)
    ye (accusative dual)
    ye (nominative dual)
    ye (accusative dual)
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ye (nominative plural)
    yat (pronoun, neuter); (2 der.)
    ye (nominative dual)
    ye (accusative dual)
    (pronoun, feminine); (2 der.)
    ye (nominative dual)
    ye (accusative dual)
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (nominative single)
    (nominative single)
  • abhyatītā -
  • abhyatītā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    abhyatītā (nominative single)
  • sambuddhā* -
  • sambuddha (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    sambuddhāḥ (nominative plural)
    sambuddhāḥ (vocative plural)
    sambuddhā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    sambuddhāḥ (nominative plural)
    sambuddhāḥ (vocative plural)
    sambuddhāḥ (accusative plural)
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ye (nominative plural)
    (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    ye (nominative dual)
    ye (accusative dual)
    ye (nominative dual)
    ye (accusative dual)
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ye (nominative plural)
    yat (pronoun, neuter); (2 der.)
    ye (nominative dual)
    ye (accusative dual)
    (pronoun, feminine); (2 der.)
    ye (nominative dual)
    ye (accusative dual)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
  • buddhā* -
  • buddha (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    buddhāḥ (nominative plural)
    buddhāḥ (vocative plural)
    buddhā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    buddhāḥ (nominative plural)
    buddhāḥ (vocative plural)
    buddhāḥ (accusative plural)
  • anāgatā -
  • anāgatā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    anāgatā (nominative single)
  • Line2: “ye caitarahiṃ saṃbuddhā bahūnāṃ śokanāśakā”
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ye (nominative plural)
    (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    ye (nominative dual)
    ye (accusative dual)
    ye (nominative dual)
    ye (accusative dual)
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ye (nominative plural)
    yat (pronoun, neuter); (2 der.)
    ye (nominative dual)
    ye (accusative dual)
    (pronoun, feminine); (2 der.)
    ye (nominative dual)
    ye (accusative dual)
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    (nominative single)
  • aita -
  • i (verb class 2); (2 der.)
    aita (imperfect active second plural)
    aita (imperfect middle third single)
  • ra -
  • (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    ra (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ra (vocative single)
    ra (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ra (vocative single)
  • ahim -
  • ahi (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ahim (accusative single)
  • sambuddhā* -
  • sambuddha (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    sambuddhāḥ (nominative plural)
    sambuddhāḥ (vocative plural)
    sambuddhā (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    sambuddhāḥ (nominative plural)
    sambuddhāḥ (vocative plural)
    sambuddhāḥ (accusative plural)
  • bahūnām -
  • bahu (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    bahūnām (genitive plural)
    bahu (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    bahūnām (genitive plural)
  • śokanāśa -
  • śokanāśa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    śokanāśa (vocative single)
  • -
  • (indeclinable interrogative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable interrogative)
    (pronoun, feminine); (1 der.)
    (nominative single)
  • Line3: “dharmaṃ deśenti satvānāṃ buddhānāṃ eṣā dharmatā”
  • dharmam -
  • dharma (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    dharmam (adverb)
    dharmam (accusative single)
    dharman (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    dharmam (adverb)
    dharman (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    dharmam (adverb)
    dharmā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    dharmam (adverb)
  • Cannot analyse deśenti*sa
  • satvān -
  • satvat (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    satvān (nominative single)
  • ām -
  • ā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    ām (accusative single)
    o (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ām (accusative single)
  • buddhānām -
  • buddha (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    buddhānām (genitive plural)
    buddha (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    buddhānām (genitive plural)
    buddhā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    buddhānām (genitive plural)
  • eṣā -
  • eṣā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    eṣā (nominative single)
  • dharmatā -
  • dharmatā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    dharmatā (nominative single)
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