Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary)

by Vijay K. Jain | 2018 | 130,587 words | ISBN-10: 8193272625 | ISBN-13: 9788193272626

This page describes infernal abodes (naraka) which is verse 3.2 of the English translation of the Tattvartha Sutra which represents the essentials of Jainism and Jain dharma and deals with the basics on Karma, Cosmology, Ethics, Celestial beings and Liberation. The Tattvarthasutra is authorative among both Digambara and Shvetambara. This is verse 2 of the chapter The Lower World and the Middle World and includes an extensive commentary.

Verse 3.2 - Infernal abodes (naraka)

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation of Tattvartha sūtra 3.2:

तासु त्रिंशत्पश्चविंशतिपञ्चदशदशत्रिपश्चोनैकनरक शतसहस्राणि पश्च चैव यथाक्रमम् ॥ ३.२ ॥

tāsu triṃśatpaścaviṃśatipañcadaśadaśatripaśconaikanaraka śatasahasrāṇi paśca caiva yathākramam || 3.2 ||

In these earths there are thirty hundred thousand, twenty-five hundred thousand, fifteen hundred thousand, ten hundred thousand, three hundred thousand, one hundred thousand less five, and only five infernal abodes[1] (naraka), respectively. (2)

Hindi Anvayarth:

अन्वयार्थ: उन पृथ्वियों में क्रम से पहली पृथ्वी में 30 लाख, दूसरी में 25 लाख, तीसरी में 15 लाख, चौथी में 10 लाख, पाँचवीं में 3 लाख, छठवीं में पाँच कम एक लाख (99,995) और सातवीं में 5 ही नरक बिल हैं। कुल 84 लाख नरकवास बिल हैं।

Anvayartha: una prithviyom mem krama se pahali prithvi mem 30 lakha, dusari mem 25 lakha, tisari mem 15 lakha, cauthi mem 10 lakha, pamcavim mem 3 lakha, chathavim mem pamca kama eka lakha (99,995) aura satavim mem 5 hi naraka bila haim | kula 84 lakha narakavasa bila haim |

Explanation in English from Ācārya Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi:

In these earths, namely, Ratnaprabhā, and so on, the numbers of infernal abodes are mentioned, in that order. The number of abodes in Ratnaprabhā is thirty hundred thousand, in Śarkarāprabhā twenty-five hundred thousand, in Vālukāprabhā fifteen hundred thousand, in Paṅkaprabhā ten hundred thousand, in Dhūmaprabhā three hundred thousand, in Tamaḥprabhā one hundred thousand less five, and in Mahātamaḥprabhā just five. In the first earth (Ratnaprabhā) there are thirteen layers. Below that, up to the seventh, the layers are less by two in each earth. Other details must be ascertained from special treatises dealing with the universe (loka).

What are the peculiarities of the infernal beings in these earths?

Footnotes and references:


The infernal abodes (naraka) are cavities or hollow places in the earth.

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