Dramaturgy in the Venisamhara

by Debi Prasad Namasudra | 2016 | 70,412 words

This page relates ‘Description of Atmagata’ of the study dealing with the Venisamhara of Bhatta Narayana and its practical application of Sanskrit Dramaturgy. The Veni-Samhara is an extraordinary drama in Sanskrit literature which revolves around the great war of Mahabharata within six Acts. This study deals with the author, background and the technical aspects, reflecting the ancient Indian tradition of dramaturgy (Natya-Shastra).

Bharata[1] defines “Ātamagata [Ātamagatam]” that when overwhelmed with excessive joy, intoxication, fit to passion, fear, astonishment, anger and sorrow etc., one speaks out words which are in one’s mind, that talking to oneself is called Ātmagatam. This should be often used accompanied with arguments in Nāṭaka etc. This form of speaking is indicated by the stage direction “Ātmagatam” or “Swāgatam” as is shown in Abhijñānaśakuntalam when Śakuntalā puts her thoughts into words “seeing him I am overpowered by the changes not conforming to the holy Āśrama”. Dhanañjaya[2] has mentioned that inaudible to all is regarded as Swāgatam.

Footnotes and references:


Bharata, Nāṭyaśāstra of Bharata , Ch. XXV, 88-89.


Dhanañjaya, Daśarūpaka B. I., 67.

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