Sahitya-kaumudi by Baladeva Vidyabhushana

by Gaurapada Dāsa | 2015 | 234,703 words

Baladeva Vidyabhusana’s Sahitya-kaumudi covers all aspects of poetical theory except the topic of dramaturgy. All the definitions of poetical concepts are taken from Mammata’s Kavya-prakasha, the most authoritative work on Sanskrit poetical rhetoric. Baladeva Vidyabhushana added the eleventh chapter, where he expounds additional ornaments from Visv...

Text 9.45 [Punar-uktavad-ābhāsa]

पुनर्-उक्तवद्-आभासो
विभिन्नाकार-शब्द-गा ॥ ९.८७ab ॥
एकार्थतेव ॥ ९.८६c१ ॥

punar-uktavad-ābhāso
vibhinnākāra-śabda-gā
|| 9.86ab ||
ekārthateva || 9.86c1 ||

punaḥ-ukta-vad—of a repetition (“as if said again”); ābhāsaḥ—a semblance; vibhinna—are different; ākāra—whose forms; śabda—to words (or sounds); —which relates; eka-arthatā—the state of being one meaning; iva—as if.

When a word or a sound appears to be a synonym of a previous sound yet is used in another sense, that is punar-uktavad-ābhāsa (semblance of redundancy).

bhinna-rūpa-sārthakānarthaka-śabda-niṣṭhaḥ ekārthatveneva mukhenāvabhāsaḥ punar uktavad-abhāsaḥ.

Punar-uktavad-ābhāsa is a semblance founded on words which have different forms and which are either meaningful or meaningless. The semblance is the fact that, on the face of it, the same meaning occurs.

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