Sahitya-kaumudi by Baladeva Vidyabhushana

by Gaurapada Dāsa | 2015 | 234,703 words

Baladeva Vidyabhusana’s Sahitya-kaumudi covers all aspects of poetical theory except the topic of dramaturgy. All the definitions of poetical concepts are taken from Mammata’s Kavya-prakasha, the most authoritative work on Sanskrit poetical rhetoric. Baladeva Vidyabhushana added the eleventh chapter, where he expounds additional ornaments from Visv...

(10) [This illustrates samāpta-punar-ātta (continuing with a participle when the sentence is already complete):]

नाशयन् निविड-ध्वान्तं भासयन् पृथिवी-तलम् |
उदेति सखि राकेशस् तापयन् पथिकाङ्गनाः ||

nāśayan niviḍa-dhvāntaṃ bhāsayan pṛthivī-talam |
udeti sakhi rākeśas tāpayan pathikāṅganāḥ ||

nāśayan—while ending; niviḍa—dense; dhvāntam—darkness; bhāsayan—while illuminating; pṛthivī-talam—the surface of the Earth; udeti—rises; sakhi—O lady friend; rākā-īśaḥ—the sun (“the master of the full moon”); tāpayan—while afflicting; pathika—of travelers; aṅganāḥ—the women.

Dispersing dense darkness and shining upon the face of the Earth, the sun rises, O sakhī, while tormenting the travelers’ wives.

atra vākya-samāptāv api caturtha-pādaḥ punar upāttaḥ.

Here the fourth line is a renewed continuation even though the sentence had come to an end. (A clause with a present participle should not be expressed at the very end of the verse.)

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