Sahitya-kaumudi by Baladeva Vidyabhushana

by Gaurapada Dāsa | 2015 | 234,703 words

Baladeva Vidyabhusana’s Sahitya-kaumudi covers all aspects of poetical theory except the topic of dramaturgy. All the definitions of poetical concepts are taken from Mammata’s Kavya-prakasha, the most authoritative work on Sanskrit poetical rhetoric. Baladeva Vidyabhushana added the eleventh chapter, where he expounds additional ornaments from Visv...

तथा पठितम् अपि कविभिर् अनादृतम् अप्रयुक्तम्. पद्मो राजति कासारे. अत्र पद्म-शब्दः पुं-लिङ्गो नाद्रियते.

tathā paṭhitam api kavibhir anādṛtam aprayuktam. padmo rājati kāsāre. atra padma-śabdaḥ puṃ-liṅgo nādriyate.

(3) A word that is not in usage (aprayukta) is a word which is disregarded by poets even though it is listed in that way in a dictionary. For instance: padmo rājati kāsāre, “A lotus shines in a pond.” Here the word padmaḥ (lotus), in the masculine gender, is not well thought of.


The word padma can be used in the masculine gender, by the definition: vā puṃsi padmaṃ nalinam, “Optionally, padma and nalina are used in the masculine” (Amara-koṣa 1.10.39). In usage, however, the word padma (lotus) is never seen in the masculine.

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