Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 10.2.3

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ दे॒वाना॒मपि॒ पन्था॑मगन्म॒ यच्छ॒क्नवा॑म॒ तदनु॒ प्रवो॑ळ्हुम् । अ॒ग्निर्वि॒द्वान्त्स य॑जा॒त्सेदु॒ होता॒ सो अ॑ध्व॒रान्त्स ऋ॒तून्क॑ल्पयाति ॥
आ देवानामपि पन्थामगन्म यच्छक्नवाम तदनु प्रवोळ्हुम् । अग्निर्विद्वान्त्स यजात्सेदु होता सो अध्वरान्त्स ऋतून्कल्पयाति ॥
ā devānām api panthām aganma yac chaknavāma tad anu pravoḻhum | agnir vidvān sa yajāt sed u hotā so adhvarān sa ṛtūn kalpayāti ||

English translation:

“May we pursue the path that leads to the gods to convey that (worship) which we may be able (tooffer). May that wise Agni minister, for he verily is the ministrant priest, and let him prescribe the ceremonies andthe seasons.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): tritaḥ [trita];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): agniḥ ;
Chandas (meter): triṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ । दे॒वाना॑म् । अपि॑ । पन्था॑म् । अ॒ग॒न्म॒ । यत् । श॒क्नवा॑म । तत् । अनु॑ । प्रऽवो॑ळ्हुम् । अ॒ग्निः । वि॒द्वान् । सः । य॒ज॒त् । सः । इत् । ऊँ॒ इति॑ । होता॑ । सः । अ॒ध्व॒रान् । सः । ऋ॒तून् । क॒ल्प॒याति ॥
आ । देवानाम् । अपि । पन्थाम् । अगन्म । यत् । शक्नवाम । तत् । अनु । प्रवोळ्हुम् । अग्निः । विद्वान् । सः । यजत् । सः । इत् । ऊँ इति । होता । सः । अध्वरान् । सः । ऋतून् । कल्पयाति ॥
ā | devānām | api | panthām | aganma | yat | śaknavāma | tat | anu | pra-voḷhum | agniḥ | vidvān | saḥ | yajat | saḥ | it | oṃ iti | hotā | saḥ | adhvarān | saḥ | ṛtūn | kalpayāti

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.2.3 English analysis of grammar]

ā

[adverb]

“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

devānām < deva

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

api

[adverb]

“besides; even; surely; though; furthermore; among; contrastingly; assuredly.”

panthām < pathin

[noun], accusative, singular

“way; road; path [word]; journey; method.”

aganma < gam

[verb], plural, Root aorist (Ind.)

“go; situate; enter (a state); travel; disappear; [in]; elapse; leave; reach; vanish; love; walk; approach; issue; hop on; gasify; get; come; die; drain; spread; transform; happen; discharge; ride; to be located; run; detect; refer; go; shall; drive.”

yacchaknavāma < yat < yad

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

yacchaknavāma < śaknavāma < śak

[verb], plural, Present imperative

“can; invigorate.”

tad < tat < tad

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

anu

[adverb]

“subsequently; behind; along; towards; because.”

pravoḍhum < pravah < √vah

[verb noun]

“take away; issue.”

agnir < agniḥ < agni

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

vidvān < vidvas

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“erudite; expert; wise; conversant(p); enlightened.”

sa < tad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

yajāt < yaj

[verb], singular, Present conjunctive (subjunctive)

“sacrifice; worship; worship.”

sed < sa < tad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

sed < id

[adverb]

“indeed; assuredly; entirely.”

u

[adverb]

“ukāra; besides; now; indeed; u.”

hotā < hotṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Hotṛ.”

so < saḥ < tad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

adhvarān < adhvara

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“yajña; ceremony; adhvara [word].”

sa < saḥ < tad

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

ṛtūn < ṛtu

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“season; turn; menstruation; ṛtu [word]; time period; order; six.”

kalpayāti < kalpay < √kᄆp

[verb], singular, Present conjunctive (subjunctive)

“prepare; assign; create; produce; fix; restore; order; prepare; imitate; restore; make; treat.”

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