Trita, Tritā: 10 definitions


Trita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Trita (त्रित).—General information. A son of the sage Gautama. He had two brothers called Ekata and Dvita. (See under Ekata). Other details.

(i) Ekata, Dvita and Trita were born to clean the hands of the devas when they become smeared with the sacrificial butter during the yāgas. Of these Trita once fell into a well while drawing water and the asuras closed the well. But Trita escaped opening the top. (Sūkta 52, Anuvāka 10, Maṇḍala 1, Ṛgveda).

(ii) Once Ekata, Dvita and Trita were stranded in a desert and desperately needed water to quench an increasing thirst. At last they found a well and Trita after getting down and quenching his thirst brought water to his brothers. The cruel brothers, after drinking the water pushed Trita into the well and covered the well with the wheel of a bullock-cart. Trita prayed to the Aśvinīdevas for help and they appeared before him and rescued him from the well. (Sūkta 105, Maṇḍala 1, Ṛgveda). (See full article at Story of Trita from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Tritā (त्रिता).—A sage who called on the dying Bhīṣma; was invited for the Rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira; came to Syamantapañcaka to see Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 9. 7; X. 74. 7; 84. 5.

1b) A son of Cākṣuṣa Manu. A place sacred to him on the Sarasvatī; a Mantrakṛt.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 16; III. 1. 22; Matsya-purāṇa 145. 101.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Tṛṭa (तृट):—Thirst

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Tritā (त्रिता) refers to a “triad”, according to the Ṭīkā Pot Worship [i.e., Kalaśapūjā] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Rising out across the circle, that kindles the wind, of a hundred shining suns, A burning triad (tritā), infatuating the three worlds, an overflowing stream of nectar, Giving her own abundant bliss, having the pure essence of Buddha knowledge, Free from traversing existence and non-existence, beloved sow, drink to you”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Trita (त्रित).—(°-) [ in Lalitavistara 96.4 (prose), is an impossible em. by Lefm. The mss. vary greatly and the true reading is uncertain; probably tri-viṣyandāmbukūpāḥ.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trita (त्रित).—m. The name of a deity, Mahābhārata 1, 2112.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trita (त्रित).—[masculine] [Name] of a god, [plural] a class of gods.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tṛta (तृत):—[from tṛṇ] a mfn. eaten [gana] tanoty-ādi.

2) b 1. and 2. tṛta. See √tṛṇ and trita.

3) Tritā (त्रिता):—[=tri-tā] [from tri] f. a triad, [Nirukta, by Yāska]

4) Trita (त्रित):—[from tri] m. ‘third’ (τρίτος), Name of a Vedic deity (associated with the Maruts, Vāyu, and Indra; fighting like the latter with Trita, Vṛtra, and other demons; called Āptya q.v., ‘water-deity’, and supposed to reside in the remotest regions of the world, whence [Ṛg-veda viii, 47, 13-15; Atharva-veda] the idea of wishing to remove calamity to T°, and the view of the Tritas being the keepers of nectar [Ṛg-veda vi, 44, 23], similarly, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] [Ṛg-veda ii, 34, 10; Taittirīya-saṃhitā i; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa i] the notion of Trita’s bestowing long life; also conceived as an inferior deity conquering the demons by order and with the help of Indra [Ṛg-veda ii; viii, 52, 1; x]; fallen into a well he begged aid from the gods [i, 105, 17; x, 8, 7]; as to this last myth, [Sāyaṇa on i, 105] relates that 3 Ṛṣis, Ekata, Dvita, and Trita, parched with thirst, looked about and found a well, and when T° began to draw water, the other two, desirous of his property, pushed him down and closed up the well with a wheel; shut up there, T° composed a hymn to the gods, and managed miraculously to prepare the sacrificial Soma, that he might drink it himself, or offer it to the deities and so be extricated: this is alluded to in [Ṛg-veda ix, 34, 4] cf. [32, 2; 38, 2; 102, 2] and described in [Mahābhārata ix, 2095]; also, [Nirukta, by Yāska iv, 6] makes him a Ṛṣi, and he is the supposed author of [Ṛg-veda i, 105; viii, 36; ix, 33 f. and 102; x, 1-7]; in epic legends [Mahābhārata ix, xii f.] Ekata, Dvita, and T° are described as 3 brothers, sons of Gautama or of Prajā-pati or Brahmā; elsewhere T° is one of the 12 sons of Manu Cākṣuṣa by Naḍvalā, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv, 13, 16]; cf. traitana; [Zend] Thrita; Τρίτων, τριτο-γενής, etc.)

5) [v.s. ...] n. triplet of young (three-twin), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā [Scholiast or Commentator]]

[Sanskrit to German]

Trita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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