Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 1.64.1

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वृष्णे॒ शर्धा॑य॒ सुम॑खाय वे॒धसे॒ नोध॑: सुवृ॒क्तिं प्र भ॑रा म॒रुद्भ्य॑: । अ॒पो न धीरो॒ मन॑सा सु॒हस्त्यो॒ गिर॒: सम॑ञ्जे वि॒दथे॑ष्वा॒भुव॑: ॥
वृष्णे शर्धाय सुमखाय वेधसे नोधः सुवृक्तिं प्र भरा मरुद्भ्यः । अपो न धीरो मनसा सुहस्त्यो गिरः समञ्जे विदथेष्वाभुवः ॥
vṛṣṇe śardhāya sumakhāya vedhase nodhaḥ suvṛktim pra bharā marudbhyaḥ | apo na dhīro manasā suhastyo giraḥ sam añje vidatheṣv ābhuvaḥ ||

English translation:

“Offer, Nodhas, earnest praise to the company of the Maruts, the senders of rain and ripeners of fruit, deserving of adoration. Composed, and with folded hands, I utter the praises conceived in my mind, which are efficacious in sacred rites, (and flow rreadily) as the waters.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): nodhā gautamaḥ [nodhas gautama];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): bhuriktriṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

वृष्णे॑ । शर्धा॑य । सुऽम॑खाय । वे॒धसे॑ । नोधः॑ । सु॒ऽवृ॒क्तिम् । प्र । भ॒र॒ । म॒रुत्ऽभ्यः॑ । अ॒पः । न । धीरः॑ । मन॑सा । सु॒ऽहस्त्यः॑ । गिरः॑ । सम् । अ॒ञ्जे॒ । वि॒दथे॑षु । आ॒ऽभुवः॑ ॥
वृष्णे । शर्धाय । सुमखाय । वेधसे । नोधः । सुवृक्तिम् । प्र । भर । मरुत्भ्यः । अपः । न । धीरः । मनसा । सुहस्त्यः । गिरः । सम् । अञ्जे । विदथेषु । आभुवः ॥
vṛṣṇe | śardhāya | su-makhāya | vedhase | nodhaḥ | su-vṛktim | pra | bhara | marut-bhyaḥ | apaḥ | na | dhīraḥ | manasā | su-hastyaḥ | giraḥ | sam | añje | vidatheṣu | ābhuvaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.64.1 English analysis of grammar]

vṛṣṇe < vṛṣan

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“bullocky; potent; powerful; strong; manly; aroused; potent; much(a); male; large.”

śardhāya < śardha

[noun], dative, singular, masculine


sumakhāya < su


“very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

sumakhāya < makhāya < makha

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

vedhase < vedhas

[noun], dative, singular, masculine


nodhaḥ < nodhas

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

suvṛktim < suvṛkti

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine




“towards; ahead.”

bharā < bhara < bhṛ

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“bring; hold; fill; support; wear; possess; carry; nourish; keep; hire; have; satiate; follow; bear.”

marudbhyaḥ < marut

[noun], dative, plural, masculine

“Marut; vāta; wind; Vayu.”

apo < apaḥ < apas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“work; deed.”



“not; like; no; na [word].”

dhīro < dhīraḥ < dhīra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“expert; wise; intelligent; versed; adept.”

manasā < manas

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“mind; Manas; purpose; idea; attention; heart; decision; manas [word]; manas [indecl.]; spirit; temper; intelligence.”

suhastyo < suhastyaḥ < suhastya

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

giraḥ < gir

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

“hymn; praise; voice; words; invocation; command; statement; cry; language.”



“sam; together; together; saṃ.”

añje < añj

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“smear; anoint; mix; color.”

vidatheṣv < vidatheṣu < vidatha

[noun], locative, plural, neuter

“meeting; wisdom; council.”

ābhuvaḥ < ābhū

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine


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