Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

yudhiṣṭhira uvāca |
kena vṛttena vṛttajño janako mithilādhipaḥ |
jagāma mokṣaṃ dharmajño bhogānutsṛjya mānuṣān || 1 ||
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bhīṣma uvāca |
atrāpyudāharantīmamitihāsaṃ purātanam |
yena vṛttena vṛttajñaḥ sa jagāma mahatsukham || 2 ||
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janako janadevastu mithilāyāṃ janādhipaḥ |
aurdhvadehikadharmāṇāmāsīdyukto vicintane || 3 ||
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tasya sma śatamācāryā vasanti satataṃ gṛhe |
darśayantaḥ pṛthagdharmānnānāpāṣaṇḍavādinaḥ || 4 ||
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sa teṣāṃ pretyabhāve ca pretyajātau viniścaye |
āgamasthaḥ sa bhūyiṣṭhamātmatattve na tuṣyati || 5 ||
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tatra pañcaśikho nāma kāpileyo mahāmuniḥ |
paridhāvanmahīṃ kṛtsnāṃ jagāma mithilāmapi || 6 ||
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sarvasaṃnyāsadharmāṇāṃ tattvajñānaviniścaye |
suparyavasitārthaśca nirdvaṃdvo naṣṭasaṃśayaḥ || 7 ||
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ṛṣīṇāmāhurekaṃ yaṃ kāmādavasitaṃ nṛṣu |
śāśvataṃ sukhamatyantamanvicchansa sudurlabham || 8 ||
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yamāhuḥ kapilaṃ sāṃkhyāḥ paramarṣiṃ prajāpatim |
sa manye tena rūpeṇa vismāpayati hi svayam || 9 ||
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āsureḥ prathamaṃ śiṣyaṃ yamāhuścirajīvinam |
pañcasrotasi yaḥ satramāste varṣasahasrikam || 10 ||
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taṃ samāsīnamāgamya maṇḍalaṃ kāpilaṃ mahat |
puruṣāvasthamavyaktaṃ paramārthaṃ nibodhayat || 11 ||
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iṣṭisatreṇa saṃsiddho bhūyaśca tapasā muniḥ |
kṣetrakṣetrajñayorvyaktiṃ bubudhe devadarśanaḥ || 12 ||
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yattadekākṣaraṃ brahma nānārūpaṃ pradṛśyate |
āsurirmaṇḍale tasminpratipede tadavyayam || 13 ||
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tasya pañcaśikhaḥ śiṣyo mānuṣyā payasā bhṛtaḥ |
brāhmaṇī kapilā nāma kācidāsītkuṭumbinī || 14 ||
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tasyāḥ putratvamāgamya striyāḥ sa pibati stanau |
tataḥ sa kāpileyatvaṃ lebhe buddhiṃ ca naiṣṭhikīm || 15 ||
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etanme bhagavānāha kāpileyāya saṃbhavam |
tasya tatkāpileyatvaṃ sarvavittvamanuttamam || 16 ||
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sāmānyaṃ kapilo jñātvā dharmajñānāmanuttamam |
upetya śatamācāryānmohayāmāsa hetubhiḥ || 17 ||
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janakastvabhisaṃraktaḥ kāpileyānudarśanāt |
utsṛjya śatamācāryānpṛṣṭhato'nujagāma tam || 18 ||
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tasmai paramakalyāya praṇatāya ca dharmataḥ |
abravītparamaṃ mokṣaṃ yattatsāṃkhyaṃ vidhīyate || 19 ||
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jātinirvedamuktvā hi karmanirvedamabravīt |
karmanirvedamuktvā ca sarvanirvedamabravīt || 20 ||
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yadarthaṃ karmasaṃsargaḥ karmaṇāṃ ca phalodayaḥ |
tadanāśvāsikaṃ moghaṃ vināśi calamadhruvam || 21 ||
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dṛśyamāne vināśe ca pratyakṣe lokasākṣike |
āgamātparamastīti bruvannapi parājitaḥ || 22 ||
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anātmā hyātmano mṛtyuḥ kleśo mṛtyurjarāmayaḥ |
ātmānaṃ manyate mohāttadasamyakparaṃ matam || 23 ||
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atha cedevamapyasti yalloke nopapadyate |
ajaro'yamamṛtyuśca rājāsau manyate tathā || 24 ||
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asti nāstīti cāpyetattasminnasati lakṣaṇe |
kimadhiṣṭhāya tadbrūyāllokayātrāviniścayam || 25 ||
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pratyakṣaṃ hyetayormūlaṃ kṛtāntaitihyayorapi |
pratyakṣo hyāgamo'bhinnaḥ kṛtānto vā na kiṃcana || 26 ||
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yatra tatrānumāne'sti kṛtaṃ bhāvayate'pi vā |
anyo jīvaḥ śarīrasya nāstikānāṃ mate smṛtaḥ || 27 ||
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reto vaṭakaṇīkāyāṃ ghṛtapākādhivāsanam |
jātismṛtirayaskāntaḥ sūryakānto'mbubhakṣaṇam || 28 ||
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pretya bhūtātyayaścaiva devatābhyupayācanam |
mṛte karmanivṛttiśca pramāṇamiti niścayaḥ || 29 ||
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na tvete hetavaḥ santi ye kecinmūrtisaṃsthitāḥ |
amartyasya hi martyena sāmānyaṃ nopapadyate || 30 ||
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avidyākarmaceṣṭānāṃ kecidāhuḥ punarbhavam |
kāraṇaṃ lobhamohau tu doṣāṇāṃ ca niṣevaṇam || 31 ||
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avidyāṃ kṣetramāhurhi karma bījaṃ tathā kṛtam |
tṛṣṇāsaṃjananaṃ sneha eṣa teṣāṃ punarbhavaḥ || 32 ||
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tasminvyūḍhe ca dagdhe ca citte maraṇadharmiṇi |
anyo'nyājjāyate dehastamāhuḥ sattvasaṃkṣayam || 33 ||
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yadā sa rūpataścānyo jātitaḥ śrutito'rthataḥ |
kathamasminsa ityeva saṃbandhaḥ syādasaṃhitaḥ || 34 ||
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evaṃ sati ca kā prītirdānavidyātapobalaiḥ |
yadanyācaritaṃ karma sarvamanyaḥ prapadyate || 35 ||
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yadā hyayamihaivānyaiḥ prākṛtairduḥkhito bhavet |
sukhitairduḥkhitairvāpi dṛśyo'pyasya vinirṇayaḥ || 36 ||
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tathā hi musalairhanyuḥ śarīraṃ tatpunarbhavet |
pṛthagjñānaṃ yadanyacca yenaitannopalabhyate || 37 ||
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ṛtuḥ saṃvatsarastithyaḥ śītoṣṇe ca priyāpriye |
yathātītāni paśyanti tādṛśaḥ sattvasaṃkṣayaḥ || 38 ||
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jarayā hi parītasya mṛtyunā vā vināśinā |
durbalaṃ durbalaṃ pūrvaṃ gṛhasyeva vinaśyati || 39 ||
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indriyāṇi mano vāyuḥ śoṇitaṃ māṃsamasthi ca |
ānupūrvyā vinaśyanti svaṃ dhātumupayānti ca || 40 ||
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lokayātrāvidhānaṃ ca dānadharmaphalāgamaḥ |
yadarthaṃ vedaśabdāśca vyavahārāśca laukikāḥ || 41 ||
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iti samyaṅmanasyete bahavaḥ santi hetavaḥ |
etadastīdamastīti na kiṃcitpratipadyate || 42 ||
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teṣāṃ vimṛśatāmevaṃ tattatsamabhidhāvatām |
kvacinniviśate buddhistatra jīryati vṛkṣavat || 43 ||
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evamarthairanarthaiśca duḥkhitāḥ sarvajantavaḥ |
āgamairapakṛṣyante hastipairhastino yathā || 44 ||
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arthāṃstathātyantasukhāvahāṃśca lipsanta ete bahavo viśulkāḥ |
mahattaraṃ duḥkhamabhiprapannā hitvāmiṣaṃ mṛtyuvaśaṃ prayānti || 45 ||
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vināśino hyadhruvajīvitasya kiṃ bandhubhirmitraparigrahaiśca |
vihāya yo gacchati sarvameva kṣaṇena gatvā na nivartate ca || 46 ||
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bhūvyomatoyānalavāyavo hi sadā śarīraṃ paripālayanti |
itīdamālakṣya kuto ratirbhavedvināśino hyasya na śarma vidyate || 47 ||
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idamanupadhi vākyamacchalaṃ paramanirāmayamātmasākṣikam |
narapatirabhivīkṣya vismitaḥ punaranuyoktumidaṃ pracakrame || 48 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 211

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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