Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

gururuvāca |
na sa veda paraṃ dharmaṃ yo na veda catuṣṭayam |
vyaktāvyakte ca yattattvaṃ saṃprāptaṃ paramarṣiṇā || 1 ||
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vyaktaṃ mṛtyumukhaṃ vidyādavyaktamamṛtaṃ padam |
pravṛttilakṣaṇaṃ dharmamṛṣirnārāyaṇo'bravīt || 2 ||
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atraivāvasthitaṃ sarvaṃ trailokyaṃ sacarācaram |
nivṛttilakṣaṇaṃ dharmamavyaktaṃ brahma śāśvatam || 3 ||
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pravṛttilakṣaṇaṃ dharmaṃ prajāpatirathābravīt |
pravṛttiḥ punarāvṛttirnivṛttiḥ paramā gatiḥ || 4 ||
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tāṃ gatiṃ paramāmeti nivṛttiparamo muniḥ |
jñānatattvaparo nityaṃ śubhāśubhanidarśakaḥ || 5 ||
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tadevametau vijñeyāvavyaktapuruṣāvubhau |
avyaktapuruṣābhyāṃ tu yatsyādanyanmahattaram || 6 ||
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taṃ viśeṣamavekṣeta viśeṣeṇa vicakṣaṇaḥ |
anādyantāvubhāvetāvaliṅgau cāpyubhāvapi || 7 ||
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ubhau nityau sūkṣmatarau mahadbhyaśca mahattarau |
sāmānyametadubhayorevaṃ hyanyadviśeṣaṇam || 8 ||
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prakṛtyā sargadharmiṇyā tathā trividhasattvayā |
viparītamato vidyātkṣetrajñasya ca lakṣaṇam || 9 ||
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prakṛteśca vikārāṇāṃ draṣṭāramaguṇānvitam |
agrāhyau puruṣāvetāvaliṅgatvādasaṃhitau || 10 ||
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saṃyogalakṣaṇotpattiḥ karmajā gṛhyate yayā |
karaṇaiḥ karmanirvṛttaiḥ kartā yadyadviceṣṭate |
kīrtyate śabdasaṃjñābhiḥ ko'hameṣo'pyasāviti || 11 ||
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uṣṇīṣavānyathā vastraistribhirbhavati saṃvṛtaḥ |
saṃvṛto'yaṃ tathā dehī sattvarājasatāmasaiḥ || 12 ||
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tasmāccatuṣṭayaṃ vedyametairhetubhirācitam |
yathāsaṃjño hyayaṃ samyagantakāle na muhyati || 13 ||
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śriyaṃ divyāmabhiprepsurbrahma vāṅmanasā śuciḥ |
śārīrairniyamairugraiścarenniṣkalmaṣaṃ tapaḥ || 14 ||
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trailokyaṃ tapasā vyāptamantarbhūtena bhāsvatā |
sūryaśca candramāścaiva bhāsatastapasā divi || 15 ||
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pratāpastapaso jñānaṃ loke saṃśabditaṃ tapaḥ |
rajastamoghnaṃ yatkarma tapasastatsvalakṣaṇam || 16 ||
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brahmacaryamahiṃsā ca śārīraṃ tapa ucyate |
vāṅmanoniyamaḥ sāmyaṃ mānasaṃ tapa ucyate || 17 ||
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vidhijñebhyo dvijātibhyo grāhyamannaṃ viśiṣyate |
āhāraniyamenāsya pāpmā naśyati rājasaḥ || 18 ||
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vaimanasyaṃ ca viṣaye yāntyasya karaṇāni ca |
tasmāttanmātramādadyādyāvadatra prayojanam || 19 ||
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antakāle vayotkarṣācchanaiḥ kuryādanāturaḥ |
evaṃ yuktena manasā jñānaṃ tadupapadyate || 20 ||
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rajasā cāpyayaṃ dehī dehavāñśabdavaccaret |
kāryairavyāhatamatirvairāgyātprakṛtau sthitaḥ |
ā dehādapramādācca dehāntādvipramucyate || 21 ||
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hetuyuktaḥ sadotsargo bhūtānāṃ pralayastathā |
parapratyayasarge tu niyataṃ nātivartate || 22 ||
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bhavāntaprabhavaprajñā āsate ye viparyayam |
dhṛtyā dehāndhārayanto buddhisaṃkṣiptamānasāḥ |
sthānebhyo dhvaṃsamānāśca sūkṣmatvāttānupāsate || 23 ||
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yathāgamaṃ ca tatsarvaṃ buddhyā tannaiva budhyate |
dehāntaṃ kaścidanvāste bhāvitātmā nirāśrayaḥ |
yukto dhāraṇayā kaścitsattāṃ kecidupāsate || 24 ||
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abhyasyanti paraṃ devaṃ vidyutsaṃśabditākṣaram |
antakāle hyupāsannāstapasā dagdhakilbiṣāḥ || 25 ||
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sarva ete mahātmāno gacchanti paramāṃ gatim |
sūkṣmaṃ viśeṣaṇaṃ teṣāmavekṣecchāstracakṣuṣā || 26 ||
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dehaṃ tu paramaṃ vidyādvimuktamaparigraham |
antarikṣādanyataraṃ dhāraṇāsaktamānasam || 27 ||
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martyalokādvimucyante vidyāsaṃyuktamānasāḥ |
brahmabhūtā virajasastato yānti parāṃ gatim || 28 ||
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kaṣāyavarjitaṃ jñānaṃ yeṣāmutpadyate'calam |
te yānti paramāṃllokānviśudhyanto yathābalam || 29 ||
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bhagavantamajaṃ divyaṃ viṣṇumavyaktasaṃjñitam |
bhāvena yānti śuddhā ye jñānatṛptā nirāśiṣaḥ || 30 ||
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jñātvātmasthaṃ hariṃ caiva nivartante na te'vyayāḥ |
prāpya tatparamaṃ sthānaṃ modante'kṣaramavyayam || 31 ||
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etāvadetadvijñānametadasti ca nāsti ca |
tṛṣṇābaddhaṃ jagatsarvaṃ cakravatparivartate || 32 ||
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bisatanturyathaivāyamantaḥsthaḥ sarvato bise |
tṛṣṇātanturanādyantastathā dehagataḥ sadā || 33 ||
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sūcyā sūtraṃ yathā vastre saṃsārayati vāyakaḥ |
tadvatsaṃsārasūtraṃ hi tṛṣṇāsūcyā nibadhyate || 34 ||
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vikāraṃ prakṛtiṃ caiva puruṣaṃ ca sanātanam |
yo yathāvadvijānāti sa vitṛṣṇo vimucyate || 35 ||
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prakāśaṃ bhagavānetadṛṣirnārāyaṇo'mṛtam |
bhūtānāmanukampārthaṃ jagāda jagato hitam || 36 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 210

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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