Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.209.20

हेतुमच्छक्यमाख्यातुमेतावज्ज्ञानचक्षुषा ।
प्रत्याहारेण वा शक्यमव्यक्तं ब्रह्म वेदितुम् ॥ २० ॥

hetumacchakyamākhyātumetāvajjñānacakṣuṣā |
pratyāhāreṇa vā śakyamavyaktaṃ brahma veditum || 20 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...becoming clear, seemed ablaze with splendour. Indra began to pour rain upon crops that commenced to appear each at its proper season. No one then deviated from the path of righteousness. The earth became adorned...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.209.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Pratyahara, Shakyama, Vyaktam, Vyakta, Brahma, Brahman,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.209.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “hetumacchakyamākhyātumetāvajjñānacakṣuṣā
  • Cannot analyse hetumacchakyamākhyātumetāvajjñānacakṣuṣā
  • Line 2: “pratyāhāreṇa śakyamavyaktaṃ brahma veditum
  • pratyāhāreṇa -
  • pratyāhāra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • śakyama -
  • śakyama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śakyama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vyaktam -
  • vyaktam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    vyakta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vyakta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vyaktā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • brahma -
  • brahma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    brahma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    brahman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    brahm (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • veditum -
  • vid -> veditum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √vid]
    vid -> veditum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √vid]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.209.20

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.209.20 in Kannada sript:
ಹೇತುಮಚ್ಛಕ್ಯಮಾಖ್ಯಾತುಮೇತಾವಜ್ಜ್ಞಾನಚಕ್ಷುಷಾ ।
ಪ್ರತ್ಯಾಹಾರೇಣ ವಾ ಶಕ್ಯಮವ್ಯಕ್ತಂ ಬ್ರಹ್ಮ ವೇದಿತುಮ್ ॥ ೨೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.209.20 in Bengali sript:
হেতুমচ্ছক্যমাখ্যাতুমেতাবজ্জ্ঞানচক্ষুষা ।
প্রত্যাহারেণ বা শক্যমব্যক্তং ব্রহ্ম বেদিতুম্ ॥ ২০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.209.20 in Gujarati sript:
હેતુમચ્છક્યમાખ્યાતુમેતાવજ્જ્ઞાનચક્ષુષા ।
પ્રત્યાહારેણ વા શક્યમવ્યક્તં બ્રહ્મ વેદિતુમ્ ॥ ૨૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.209.20 in Malayalam sript:
ഹേതുമച്ഛക്യമാഖ്യാതുമേതാവജ്ജ്ഞാനചക്ഷുഷാ ।
പ്രത്യാഹാരേണ വാ ശക്യമവ്യക്തം ബ്രഹ്മ വേദിതുമ് ॥ ൨൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.209.20 in Telugu sript:
హేతుమచ్ఛక్యమాఖ్యాతుమేతావజ్జ్ఞానచక్షుషా ।
ప్రత్యాహారేణ వా శక్యమవ్యక్తం బ్రహ్మ వేదితుమ్ ॥ ౨౦ ॥

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