Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.189.10

विषयप्रतिसंहारो मितजल्पस्तथा शमः ।
एष प्रवृत्तको धर्मो निवृत्तकमथो शृणु ॥ १० ॥

viṣayapratisaṃhāro mitajalpastathā śamaḥ |
eṣa pravṛttako dharmo nivṛttakamatho śṛṇu || 10 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...that the universe is the result of acts, show indifference in respect of compassion itself.{GL_NOTE:174910:} Whatever good, acts are performed, or whatever sin (is perpetrated), the doer tastes the consequences...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.189.10). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vishaya, Pratisamhara, Mita, Jalpa, Tatha, Shama, Esha, Dharma, Nivritta, Kama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.189.10). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “viṣayapratisaṃhāro mitajalpastathā śamaḥ
  • viṣaya -
  • viṣaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pratisaṃhāro* -
  • pratisaṃhāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mita -
  • mita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    -> mita (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √ class 3 verb], [vocative single from √ class 4 verb]
    -> mita (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √ class 3 verb], [vocative single from √ class 4 verb]
    mi -> mita (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √mi class 5 verb]
    mi -> mita (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √mi class 5 verb]
  • jalpas -
  • jalpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • śamaḥ -
  • śama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “eṣa pravṛttako dharmo nivṛttakamatho śṛṇu
  • eṣa -
  • eṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    eṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single], [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    iṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • pravṛttako -
  • dharmo* -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nivṛtta -
  • nivṛtta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nivṛtta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kama -
  • kama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tho -
  • śṛṇu -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [imperative active second single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.189.10

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.189.10 in Kannada sript:
ವಿಷಯಪ್ರತಿಸಂಹಾರೋ ಮಿತಜಲ್ಪಸ್ತಥಾ ಶಮಃ ।
ಏಷ ಪ್ರವೃತ್ತಕೋ ಧರ್ಮೋ ನಿವೃತ್ತಕಮಥೋ ಶೃಣು ॥ ೧೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.189.10 in Bengali sript:
বিষযপ্রতিসংহারো মিতজল্পস্তথা শমঃ ।
এষ প্রবৃত্তকো ধর্মো নিবৃত্তকমথো শৃণু ॥ ১০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.189.10 in Gujarati sript:
વિષયપ્રતિસંહારો મિતજલ્પસ્તથા શમઃ ।
એષ પ્રવૃત્તકો ધર્મો નિવૃત્તકમથો શૃણુ ॥ ૧૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.189.10 in Malayalam sript:
വിഷയപ്രതിസംഹാരോ മിതജല്പസ്തഥാ ശമഃ ।
ഏഷ പ്രവൃത്തകോ ധര്മോ നിവൃത്തകമഥോ ശൃണു ॥ ൧൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 12.189.10 in Telugu sript:
విషయప్రతిసంహారో మితజల్పస్తథా శమః ।
ఏష ప్రవృత్తకో ధర్మో నివృత్తకమథో శృణు ॥ ౧౦ ॥

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