Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
kathāntaramathāsādya khaḍgayuddhaviśāradaḥ |
nakulaḥ śaratalpasthamidamāha pitāmaham || 1 ||
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dhanuḥ praharaṇaṃ śreṣṭhamiti vādaḥ pitāmaha |
matastu mama dharmajña khaḍga eva susaṃśitaḥ || 2 ||
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viśīrṇe kārmuke rājanprakṣīṇeṣu ca vājiṣu |
khaḍgena śakyate yuddhe sādhvātmā parirakṣitum || 3 ||
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śarāsanadharāṃścaiva gadāśaktidharāṃstathā |
ekaḥ khaḍgadharo vīraḥ samarthaḥ pratibādhitum || 4 ||
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atra me saṃśayaścaiva kautūhalamatīva ca |
kiṃ svitpraharaṇaṃ śreṣṭhaṃ sarvayuddheṣu pārthiva || 5 ||
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kathaṃ cotpāditaḥ khaḍgaḥ kasyārthāya ca kena vā |
pūrvācāryaṃ ca khaḍgasya prabrūhi prapitāmaha || 6 ||
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tasya tadvacanaṃ śrutvā mādrīputrasya dhīmataḥ |
sarvakauśalasaṃyuktaṃ sūkṣmacitrārthavacchubham || 7 ||
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tatastasyottaraṃ vākyaṃ svaravarṇopapāditam |
śikṣānyāyopasaṃpannaṃ droṇaśiṣyāya pṛcchate || 8 ||
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uvāca sarvadharmajño dhanurvedasya pāragaḥ |
śaratalpagato bhīṣmo nakulāya mahātmane || 9 ||
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tattvaṃ śṛṇuṣva mādreya yadetatparipṛcchasi |
prabodhito'smi bhavatā dhātumāniva parvataḥ || 10 ||
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salilaikārṇavaṃ tāta purā sarvamabhūdidam |
niṣprakampamanākāśamanirdeśyamahītalam || 11 ||
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tamaḥsaṃvṛtamasparśamatigambhīradarśanam |
niḥśabdaṃ cāprameyaṃ ca tatra jajñe pitāmahaḥ || 12 ||
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so'sṛjadvāyumagniṃ ca bhāskaraṃ cāpi vīryavān |
ākāśamasṛjaccordhvamadho bhūmiṃ ca nairṛtim || 13 ||
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nabhaḥ sacandratāraṃ ca nakṣatrāṇi grahāṃstathā |
saṃvatsarānahorātrānṛtūnatha lavānkṣaṇān || 14 ||
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tataḥ śarīraṃ lokasthaṃ sthāpayitvā pitāmahaḥ |
janayāmāsa bhagavānputrānuttamatejasaḥ || 15 ||
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marīcimṛṣimatriṃ ca pulastyaṃ pulahaṃ kratum |
vasiṣṭhāṅgirasau cobhau rudraṃ ca prabhumīśvaram || 16 ||
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prācetasastathā dakṣaḥ kanyāḥ ṣaṣṭimajījanat |
tā vai brahmarṣayaḥ sarvāḥ prajārthaṃ pratipedire || 17 ||
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tābhyo viśvāni bhūtāni devāḥ pitṛgaṇāstathā |
gandharvāpsarasaścaiva rakṣāṃsi vividhāni ca || 18 ||
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patatrimṛgamīnāśca plavaṃgāśca mahoragāḥ |
nānākṛtibalāścānye jalakṣitivicāriṇaḥ || 19 ||
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audbhidāḥ svedajāścaiva aṇḍajāśca jarāyujāḥ |
jajñe tāta tathā sarvaṃ jagatsthāvarajaṅgamam || 20 ||
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bhūtasargamimaṃ kṛtvā sarvalokapitāmahaḥ |
śāśvataṃ vedapaṭhitaṃ dharmaṃ ca yuyuje punaḥ || 21 ||
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tasmindharme sthitā devāḥ sahācāryapurohitāḥ |
ādityā vasavo rudrāḥ sasādhyā marudaśvinaḥ || 22 ||
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bhṛgvatryaṅgirasaḥ siddhāḥ kāśyapaśca tapodhanaḥ |
vasiṣṭhagautamāgastyāstathā nāradaparvatau || 23 ||
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ṛṣayo vālakhilyāśca prabhāsāḥ sikatāstathā |
ghṛtācāḥ somavāyavyā vaikhānasamarīcipāḥ || 24 ||
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akṛṣṭāścaiva haṃsāśca ṛṣayo'thāgniyonijāḥ |
vānaprasthāḥ pṛśnayaśca sthitā brahmānuśāsane || 25 ||
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dānavendrāstvatikramya tatpitāmahaśāsanam |
dharmasyāpacayaṃ cakruḥ krodhalobhasamanvitāḥ || 26 ||
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hiraṇyakaśipuścaiva hiraṇyākṣo virocanaḥ |
śambaro vipracittiśca prahrādo namucirbaliḥ || 27 ||
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ete cānye ca bahavaḥ sagaṇā daityadānavāḥ |
dharmasetumatikramya remire'dharmaniścayāḥ || 28 ||
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sarve sma tulyajātīyā yathā devāstathā vayam |
ityevaṃ hetumāsthāya spardhamānāḥ surarṣibhiḥ || 29 ||
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na priyaṃ nāpyanukrośaṃ cakrurbhūteṣu bhārata |
trīnupāyānatikramya daṇḍena rurudhuḥ prajāḥ |
na jagmuḥ saṃvidaṃ taiśca darpādasurasattamāḥ || 30 ||
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atha vai bhagavānbrahmā brahmarṣibhirupasthitaḥ |
tadā himavataḥ pṛṣṭhe suramye padmatārake || 31 ||
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śatayojanavistāre maṇimuktācayācite |
tasmingirivare putra puṣpitadrumakānane |
tasthau sa vibudhaśreṣṭho brahmā lokārthasiddhaye || 32 ||
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tato varṣasahasrānte vitānamakarotprabhuḥ |
vidhinā kalpadṛṣṭena yathoktenopapāditam || 33 ||
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ṛṣibhiryajñapaṭubhiryathāvatkarmakartṛbhiḥ |
marudbhiḥ parisaṃstīrṇaṃ dīpyamānaiśca pāvakaiḥ || 34 ||
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kāñcanairyajñabhāṇḍaiśca bhrājiṣṇubhiralaṃkṛtam |
vṛtaṃ devagaṇaiścaiva prababhau yajñamaṇḍalam || 35 ||
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tathā brahmarṣibhiścaiva sadasyairupaśobhitam |
tatra ghoratamaṃ vṛttamṛṣīṇāṃ me pariśrutam || 36 ||
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candramā vimalaṃ vyoma yathābhyuditatārakam |
vidāryāgniṃ tathā bhūtamutthitaṃ śrūyate tataḥ || 37 ||
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nīlotpalasavarṇābhaṃ tīkṣṇadaṃṣṭraṃ kṛśodaram |
prāṃśu durdarśanaṃ caivāpyatitejastathaiva ca || 38 ||
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tasminnutpatamāne ca pracacāla vasuṃdharā |
tatrormikalilāvartaścukṣubhe ca mahārṇavaḥ || 39 ||
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peturulkā mahotpātāḥ śākhāśca mumucurdrumāḥ |
aprasannā diśaḥ sarvāḥ pavanaścāśivo vavau |
muhurmuhuśca bhūtāni prāvyathanta bhayāttathā || 40 ||
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tataḥ sutumulaṃ dṛṣṭvā tadadbhutamupasthitam |
maharṣisuragandharvānuvācedaṃ pitāmahaḥ || 41 ||
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mayaitaccintitaṃ bhūtamasirnāmaiṣa vīryavān |
rakṣaṇārthāya lokasya vadhāya ca suradviṣām || 42 ||
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tatastadrūpamutsṛjya babhau nistriṃśa eva saḥ |
vimalastīkṣṇadhāraśca kālāntaka ivodyataḥ || 43 ||
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tatastaṃ śitikaṇṭhāya rudrāyarṣabhaketave |
brahmā dadāvasiṃ dīptamadharmaprativāraṇam || 44 ||
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tataḥ sa bhagavānrudro brahmarṣigaṇasaṃstutaḥ |
pragṛhyāsimameyātmā rūpamanyaccakāra ha || 45 ||
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caturbāhuḥ spṛśanmūrdhnā bhūsthito'pi nabhastalam |
ūrdhvadṛṣṭirmahāliṅgo mukhājjvālāḥ samutsṛjan |
vikurvanbahudhā varṇānnīlapāṇḍuralohitān || 46 ||
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bibhratkṛṣṇājinaṃ vāso hemapravaratārakam |
netraṃ caikaṃ lalāṭena bhāskarapratimaṃ mahat |
śuśubhāte ca vimale dve netre kṛṣṇapiṅgale || 47 ||
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tato devo mahādevaḥ śūlapāṇirbhagākṣihā |
saṃpragṛhya tu nistriṃśaṃ kālārkānalasaṃnibham || 48 ||
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trikūṭaṃ carma codyamya savidyutamivāmbudam |
cacāra vividhānmārgānmahābalaparākramaḥ |
vidhunvannasimākāśe dānavāntacikīrṣayā || 49 ||
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tasya nādaṃ vinadato mahāhāsaṃ ca muñcataḥ |
babhau pratibhayaṃ rūpaṃ tadā rudrasya bhārata || 50 ||
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tadrūpadhāriṇaṃ rudraṃ raudrakarma cikīrṣavaḥ |
niśamya dānavāḥ sarve hṛṣṭāḥ samabhidudruvuḥ || 51 ||
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aśmabhiścāpyavarṣanta pradīptaiśca tatholmukaiḥ |
ghoraiḥ praharaṇaiścānyaiḥ śitadhārairayomukhaiḥ || 52 ||
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tatastaddānavānīkaṃ saṃpraṇetāramacyutam |
rudrakhaḍgabaloddhūtaṃ pracacāla mumoha ca || 53 ||
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citraṃ śīghrataratvācca carantamasidhāriṇam |
tamekamasurāḥ sarve sahasramiti menire || 54 ||
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chindanbhindanrujankṛntandārayanpramathannapi |
acaraddaityasaṃgheṣu rudro'gniriva kakṣagaḥ || 55 ||
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asivegaprarugṇāste chinnabāhūruvakṣasaḥ |
saṃprakṛttottamāṅgāśca petururvyāṃ mahāsurāḥ || 56 ||
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apare dānavā bhagnā rudraghātāvapīḍitāḥ |
anyonyamabhinardanto diśaḥ saṃpratipedire || 57 ||
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bhūmiṃ kecitpraviviśuḥ parvatānapare tathā |
apare jagmurākāśamapare'mbhaḥ samāviśan || 58 ||
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tasminmahati saṃvṛtte samare bhṛśadāruṇe |
babhau bhūmiḥ pratibhayā tadā rudhirakardamā || 59 ||
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dānavānāṃ śarīraiśca mahadbhiḥ śoṇitokṣitaiḥ |
samākīrṇā mahābāho śailairiva sakiṃśukaiḥ || 60 ||
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rudhireṇa pariklinnā prababhau vasudhā tadā |
raktārdravasanā śyāmā nārīva madavihvalā || 61 ||
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sa rudro dānavānhatvā kṛtvā dharmottaraṃ jagat |
raudraṃ rūpaṃ vihāyāśu cakre rūpaṃ śivaṃ śivaḥ || 62 ||
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tato maharṣayaḥ sarve sarve devagaṇāstathā |
jayenādbhutakalpena devadevamathārcayan || 63 ||
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tataḥ sa bhagavānrudro dānavakṣatajokṣitam |
asiṃ dharmasya goptāraṃ dadau satkṛtya viṣṇave || 64 ||
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viṣṇurmarīcaye prādānmarīcirbhagavāṃśca tam |
maharṣibhyo dadau khaḍgamṛṣayo vāsavāya tu || 65 ||
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mahendro lokapālebhyo lokapālāstu putraka |
manave sūryaputrāya daduḥ khaḍgaṃ suvistaram || 66 ||
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ūcuścainaṃ tathaivādyaṃ mānuṣāṇāṃ tvamīśvaraḥ |
asinā dharmagarbheṇa pālayasva prajā iti || 67 ||
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dharmasetumatikrāntāḥ sūkṣmasthūlārthakāraṇāt |
vibhajya daṇḍaṃ rakṣyāḥ syurdharmato na yadṛcchayā || 68 ||
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durvācā nigraho daṇḍo hiraṇyabahulastathā |
vyaṅganaṃ ca śarīrasya vadho vānalpakāraṇāt || 69 ||
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aseretāni rūpāṇi durvācādīni nirdiśet |
asereva pramāṇāni parimāṇavyatikramāt || 70 ||
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adhisṛjyātha putraṃ svaṃ prajānāmadhipaṃ tataḥ |
manuḥ prajānāṃ rakṣārthaṃ kṣupāya pradadāvasim || 71 ||
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kṣupājjagrāha cekṣvākurikṣvākośca purūravāḥ |
āyuśca tasmāllebhe taṃ nahuṣaśca tato bhuvi || 72 ||
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yayātirnahuṣāccāpi pūrustasmācca labdhavān |
āmūrtarayasastasmāttato bhūmiśayo nṛpaḥ || 73 ||
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bharataścāpi dauḥṣantirlebhe bhūmiśayādasim |
tasmācca lebhe dharmajño rājannaiḍabiḍastathā || 74 ||
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tataścaiḍabiḍāllebhe dhundhumāro janeśvaraḥ |
dhundhumārācca kāmbojo mucukundastato'labhat || 75 ||
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mucukundānmaruttaśca maruttādapi raivataḥ |
raivatādyuvanāśvaśca yuvanāśvāttato raghuḥ || 76 ||
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ikṣvākuvaṃśajastasmāddhariṇāśvaḥ pratāpavān |
hariṇāśvādasiṃ lebhe śunakaḥ śunakādapi || 77 ||
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uśīnaro vai dharmātmā tasmādbhojāḥ sayādavāḥ |
yadubhyaśca śibirlebhe śibeścāpi pratardanaḥ || 78 ||
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pratardanādaṣṭakaśca ruśadaśvo'ṣṭakādapi |
ruśadaśvādbharadvājo droṇastasmātkṛpastataḥ |
tatastvaṃ bhrātṛbhiḥ sārdhaṃ paramāsimavāptavān || 79 ||
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kṛttikāścāsya nakṣatramaseragniśca daivatam |
rohiṇyo gotramasyātha rudraśca gururuttamaḥ || 80 ||
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aseraṣṭau ca nāmāni rahasyāni nibodha me |
pāṇḍaveya sadā yāni kīrtayaṃllabhate jayam || 81 ||
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asirviśasanaḥ khaḍgastīkṣṇavartmā durāsadaḥ |
śrīgarbho vijayaścaiva dharmapālastathaiva ca || 82 ||
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agryaḥ praharaṇānāṃ ca khaḍgo mādravatīsuta |
maheśvarapraṇītaśca purāṇe niścayaṃ gataḥ || 83 ||
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pṛthustūtpādayāmāsa dhanurādyamariṃdama |
teneyaṃ pṛthivī pūrvaṃ vainyena parirakṣitā || 84 ||
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tadetadārṣaṃ mādreya pramāṇaṃ kartumarhasi |
aseśca pūjā kartavyā sadā yuddhaviśāradaiḥ || 85 ||
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ityeṣa prathamaḥ kalpo vyākhyātaste suvistaraḥ |
aserutpattisaṃsargo yathāvadbharatarṣabha || 86 ||
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sarvathaitadiha śrutvā khaḍgasādhanamuttamam |
labhate puruṣaḥ kīrtiṃ pretya cānantyamaśnute || 87 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 160

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!
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