Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.160.50

तस्य नादं विनदतो महाहासं च मुञ्चतः ।
बभौ प्रतिभयं रूपं तदा रुद्रस्य भारत ॥ ५० ॥

tasya nādaṃ vinadato mahāhāsaṃ ca muñcataḥ |
babhau pratibhayaṃ rūpaṃ tadā rudrasya bhārata || 50 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...awake in the bodies of living creatures. They are the roots of the body. Pervading the five life-breaths (already mentioned) they reside in the body.'" "Bharadvaja said, 'How does bodily fire or heat, entering...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.160.50). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Nada, Vinada, Tas, Mahahasa, Muncat, Pratibhaya, Rupa, Tada, Rudra, Bharata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.160.50). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tasya nādaṃ vinadato mahāhāsaṃ ca muñcataḥ
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • nādam -
  • nāda (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • vinada -
  • vinada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • to* -
  • tas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mahāhāsam -
  • mahāhāsa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mahāhāsa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mahāhāsā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • muñcataḥ -
  • muc -> muñcat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √muc class 6 verb], [ablative single from √muc class 6 verb], [genitive single from √muc class 6 verb]
    muc -> muñcat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √muc class 6 verb], [genitive single from √muc class 6 verb]
    muñc -> muñcat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √muñc class 1 verb], [ablative single from √muñc class 1 verb], [genitive single from √muñc class 1 verb]
    muñc -> muñcat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √muñc class 1 verb], [genitive single from √muñc class 1 verb]
    muc (verb class 6)
    [present active third dual]
    muñc (verb class 1)
    [present active third dual]
  • Line 2: “babhau pratibhayaṃ rūpaṃ tadā rudrasya bhārata
  • babhau -
  • bhā (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • pratibhayam -
  • pratibhaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pratibhaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    pratibhayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • rūpam -
  • rūpa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rūpa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rūpā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tadā* -
  • tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • rudrasya -
  • rudra (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    rudra (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • bhārata -
  • bhārata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhārata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.160.50

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.160.50 in Kannada sript:
ತಸ್ಯ ನಾದಂ ವಿನದತೋ ಮಹಾಹಾಸಂ ಚ ಮುಞ್ಚತಃ ।
ಬಭೌ ಪ್ರತಿಭಯಂ ರೂಪಂ ತದಾ ರುದ್ರಸ್ಯ ಭಾರತ ॥ ೫೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.160.50 in Bengali sript:
তস্য নাদং বিনদতো মহাহাসং চ মুঞ্চতঃ ।
বভৌ প্রতিভযং রূপং তদা রুদ্রস্য ভারত ॥ ৫০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.160.50 in Gujarati sript:
તસ્ય નાદં વિનદતો મહાહાસં ચ મુઞ્ચતઃ ।
બભૌ પ્રતિભયં રૂપં તદા રુદ્રસ્ય ભારત ॥ ૫૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.160.50 in Malayalam sript:
തസ്യ നാദം വിനദതോ മഹാഹാസം ച മുഞ്ചതഃ ।
ബഭൌ പ്രതിഭയം രൂപം തദാ രുദ്രസ്യ ഭാരത ॥ ൫൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.160.50 in Telugu sript:
తస్య నాదం వినదతో మహాహాసం చ ముఞ్చతః ।
బభౌ ప్రతిభయం రూపం తదా రుద్రస్య భారత ॥ ౫౦ ॥

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