Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.160.18

ताभ्यो विश्वानि भूतानि देवाः पितृगणास्तथा ।
गन्धर्वाप्सरसश्चैव रक्षांसि विविधानि च ॥ १८ ॥

tābhyo viśvāni bhūtāni devāḥ pitṛgaṇāstathā |
gandharvāpsarasaścaiva rakṣāṃsi vividhāni ca || 18 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...NOTE:174709:} "Bhrigu said, 'All things that belong to the category of the Infinite or the Vast receive the appellation of Great. It is for this reason that these five elements have come to be called Great...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.160.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vishva, Bhuta, Bhutani, Deva, Pitrigana, Tatha, Gandharvapsaras, Rakshas, Vividha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.160.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tābhyo viśvāni bhūtāni devāḥ pitṛgaṇāstathā
  • tābhyo* -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
  • viśvāni -
  • viśva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • bhūtāni -
  • bhūtāni (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhūtāni (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhūtāni (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    bhūta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • devāḥ -
  • deva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    devā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • pitṛgaṇās -
  • pitṛgaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    pitṛgaṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “gandharvāpsarasaścaiva rakṣāṃsi vividhāni ca
  • gandharvāpsarasaś -
  • gandharvāpsaras (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • rakṣāṃsi -
  • rakṣas (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vividhāni -
  • vividha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.160.18

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.160.18 in Kannada sript:
ತಾಭ್ಯೋ ವಿಶ್ವಾನಿ ಭೂತಾನಿ ದೇವಾಃ ಪಿತೃಗಣಾಸ್ತಥಾ ।
ಗನ್ಧರ್ವಾಪ್ಸರಸಶ್ಚೈವ ರಕ್ಷಾಂಸಿ ವಿವಿಧಾನಿ ಚ ॥ ೧೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.160.18 in Bengali sript:
তাভ্যো বিশ্বানি ভূতানি দেবাঃ পিতৃগণাস্তথা ।
গন্ধর্বাপ্সরসশ্চৈব রক্ষাংসি বিবিধানি চ ॥ ১৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.160.18 in Gujarati sript:
તાભ્યો વિશ્વાનિ ભૂતાનિ દેવાઃ પિતૃગણાસ્તથા ।
ગન્ધર્વાપ્સરસશ્ચૈવ રક્ષાંસિ વિવિધાનિ ચ ॥ ૧૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.160.18 in Malayalam sript:
താഭ്യോ വിശ്വാനി ഭൂതാനി ദേവാഃ പിതൃഗണാസ്തഥാ ।
ഗന്ധര്വാപ്സരസശ്ചൈവ രക്ഷാംസി വിവിധാനി ച ॥ ൧൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.160.18 in Telugu sript:
తాభ్యో విశ్వాని భూతాని దేవాః పితృగణాస్తథా ।
గన్ధర్వాప్సరసశ్చైవ రక్షాంసి వివిధాని చ ॥ ౧౮ ॥

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