Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

indra uvāca |
evaṃvīryaḥ sarvadharmopapannaḥ kṣātraḥ śreṣṭhaḥ sarvadharmeṣu dharmaḥ |
pālyo yuṣmābhirlokasiṃhairudārairviparyaye syādabhāvaḥ prajānām || 1 ||
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bhuvaḥ saṃskāraṃ rājasaṃskārayogamabhaikṣacaryāṃ pālanaṃ ca prajānām |
vidyādrājā sarvabhūtānukampāṃ dehatyāgaṃ cāhave dharmamagryam || 2 ||
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tyāgaṃ śreṣṭhaṃ munayo vai vadanti sarvaśreṣṭho yaḥ śarīraṃ tyajeta |
nityaṃ tyaktaṃ rājadharmeṣu sarvaṃ pratyakṣaṃ te bhūmipālāḥ sadaite || 3 ||
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bahuśrutyā guruśuśrūṣayā vā parasya vā saṃhananādvadanti |
nityaṃ dharmaṃ kṣatriyo brahmacārī caredeko hyāśramaṃ dharmakāmaḥ || 4 ||
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sāmānyārthe vyavahāre pravṛtte priyāpriye varjayanneva yatnāt |
cāturvarṇyasthāpanātpālanācca taistairyogairniyamairaurasaiśca || 5 ||
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sarvodyogairāśramaṃ dharmamāhuḥ kṣātraṃ jyeṣṭhaṃ sarvadharmopapannam |
svaṃ svaṃ dharmaṃ ye na caranti varṇāstāṃstāndharmānayathāvadvadanti || 6 ||
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nirmaryāde nityamarthe vinaṣṭānāhustānvai paśubhūtānmanuṣyān |
yathā nītiṃ gamayatyarthalobhācchreyāṃstasmādāśramaḥ kṣatradharmaḥ || 7 ||
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traividyānāṃ yā gatirbrāhmaṇānāṃ yaścaivokto'thāśramo brāhmaṇānām |
etatkarma brāhmaṇasyāhuragryamanyatkurvañśūdravacchastravadhyaḥ || 8 ||
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cāturāśramyadharmāśca vedadharmāśca pārthiva |
brāhmaṇenānugantavyā nānyo vidyātkathaṃcana || 9 ||
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anyathā vartamānasya na sā vṛttiḥ prakalpyate |
karmaṇā vyajyate dharmo yathaiva śvā tathaiva saḥ || 10 ||
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yo vikarmasthito vipro na sa sanmānamarhati |
karmasvanupayuñjānamaviśvāsyaṃ hi taṃ viduḥ || 11 ||
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ete dharmāḥ sarvavarṇāśca vīrairutkraṣṭavyāḥ kṣatriyaireṣa dharmaḥ |
tasmājjyeṣṭhā rājadharmā na cānye vīryajyeṣṭhā vīradharmā matā me || 12 ||
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māndhātovāca |
yavanāḥ kirātā gāndhārāścīnāḥ śabarabarbarāḥ |
śakāstuṣārāḥ kahvāśca pahlavāścāndhramadrakāḥ || 13 ||
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oḍrāḥ pulindā ramaṭhāḥ kācā mlecchāśca sarvaśaḥ |
brahmakṣatraprasūtāśca vaiśyāḥ śūdrāśca mānavāḥ || 14 ||
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kathaṃ dharmaṃ careyuste sarve viṣayavāsinaḥ |
madvidhaiśca kathaṃ sthāpyāḥ sarve te dasyujīvinaḥ || 15 ||
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etadicchāmyahaṃ śrotuṃ bhagavaṃstadbravīhi me |
tvaṃ bandhubhūto hyasmākaṃ kṣatriyāṇāṃ sureśvara || 16 ||
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indra uvāca |
mātāpitrorhi kartavyā śuśrūṣā sarvadasyubhiḥ |
ācāryaguruśuśrūṣā tathaivāśramavāsinām || 17 ||
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bhūmipālānāṃ ca śuśrūṣā kartavyā sarvadasyubhiḥ |
vedadharmakriyāścaiva teṣāṃ dharmo vidhīyate || 18 ||
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pitṛyajñāstathā kūpāḥ prapāśca śayanāni ca |
dānāni ca yathākālaṃ dvijeṣu dadyureva te || 19 ||
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ahiṃsā satyamakrodho vṛttidāyānupālanam |
bharaṇaṃ putradārāṇāṃ śaucamadroha eva ca || 20 ||
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dakṣiṇā sarvayajñānāṃ dātavyā bhūtimicchatā |
pākayajñā mahārhāśca kartavyāḥ sarvadasyubhiḥ || 21 ||
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etānyevaṃprakārāṇi vihitāni purānagha |
sarvalokasya karmāṇi kartavyānīha pārthiva || 22 ||
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māndhātovāca |
dṛśyante mānavā loke sarvavarṇeṣu dasyavaḥ |
liṅgāntare vartamānā āśrameṣu caturṣvapi || 23 ||
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indra uvāca |
vinaṣṭāyāṃ daṇḍanītau rājadharme nirākṛte |
saṃpramuhyanti bhūtāni rājadaurātmyato nṛpa || 24 ||
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asaṃkhyātā bhaviṣyanti bhikṣavo liṅginastathā |
āśramāṇāṃ vikalpāśca nivṛtte'sminkṛte yuge || 25 ||
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aśṛṇvānāḥ purāṇānāṃ dharmāṇāṃ pravarā gatīḥ |
utpathaṃ pratipatsyante kāmamanyusamīritāḥ || 26 ||
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yadā nivartyate pāpo daṇḍanītyā mahātmabhiḥ |
tadā dharmo na calate sadbhūtaḥ śāśvataḥ paraḥ || 27 ||
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paralokaguruṃ caiva rājānaṃ yo'vamanyate |
na tasya dattaṃ na hutaṃ na śrāddhaṃ phalati kvacit || 28 ||
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mānuṣāṇāmadhipatiṃ devabhūtaṃ sanātanam |
devāśca bahu manyante dharmakāmaṃ nareśvaram || 29 ||
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prajāpatirhi bhagavānyaḥ sarvamasṛjajjagat |
sa pravṛttinivṛttyarthaṃ dharmāṇāṃ kṣatramicchati || 30 ||
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pravṛttasya hi dharmasya buddhyā yaḥ smarate gatim |
sa me mānyaśca pūjyaśca tatra kṣatraṃ pratiṣṭhitam || 31 ||
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bhīṣma uvāca |
evamuktvā sa bhagavānmarudgaṇavṛtaḥ prabhuḥ |
jagāma bhavanaṃ viṣṇurakṣaraṃ paramaṃ padam || 32 ||
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evaṃ pravartite dharme purā sucarite'nagha |
kaḥ kṣatramavamanyeta cetanāvānbahuśrutaḥ || 33 ||
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anyāyena pravṛttāni nivṛttāni tathaiva ca |
antarā vilayaṃ yānti yathā pathi vicakṣuṣaḥ || 34 ||
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ādau pravartite cakre tathaivādiparāyaṇe |
vartasva puruṣavyāghra saṃvijānāmi te'nagha || 35 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 65

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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