Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.65.15

कथं धर्मं चरेयुस्ते सर्वे विषयवासिनः ।
मद्विधैश्च कथं स्थाप्याः सर्वे ते दस्युजीविनः ॥ १५ ॥

kathaṃ dharmaṃ careyuste sarve viṣayavāsinaḥ |
madvidhaiśca kathaṃ sthāpyāḥ sarve te dasyujīvinaḥ || 15 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...subjects, relying upon him, become virtuous in their behaviour, attentive to their duties, and freed from every fear. The king obtains a fourth part of those righteous acts which his subjects, properly protected...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.65.15). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Katham, Katha, Dharma, Tad, Yushmad, Sarva, Vishayavasin, Vishayavasi, Madvidha, Sthapya, Dasyujivin,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.65.15). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kathaṃ dharmaṃ careyuste sarve viṣayavāsinaḥ
  • katham -
  • katham (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    katham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kathā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    katha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    katha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • dharmam -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dharman (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    dharman (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    dharmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • careyus -
  • car (verb class 1)
    [optative active third plural]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • sarve -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • viṣayavāsinaḥ -
  • viṣayavāsin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    viṣayavāsin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    viṣayavāsī (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “madvidhaiśca kathaṃ sthāpyāḥ sarve te dasyujīvinaḥ
  • madvidhaiś -
  • madvidha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    madvidha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • katham -
  • katham (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    katham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kathā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    katha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    katha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sthāpyāḥ -
  • sthāpya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sthāpyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    sthā -> sthāpya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √sthā], [vocative plural from √sthā]
    sthā -> sthāpyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √sthā], [vocative plural from √sthā], [accusative plural from √sthā]
  • sarve -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • dasyujīvinaḥ -
  • dasyujīvin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    dasyujīvin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.65.15

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.65.15 in Kannada sript:
ಕಥಂ ಧರ್ಮಂ ಚರೇಯುಸ್ತೇ ಸರ್ವೇ ವಿಷಯವಾಸಿನಃ ।
ಮದ್ವಿಧೈಶ್ಚ ಕಥಂ ಸ್ಥಾಪ್ಯಾಃ ಸರ್ವೇ ತೇ ದಸ್ಯುಜೀವಿನಃ ॥ ೧೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.65.15 in Bengali sript:
কথং ধর্মং চরেযুস্তে সর্বে বিষযবাসিনঃ ।
মদ্বিধৈশ্চ কথং স্থাপ্যাঃ সর্বে তে দস্যুজীবিনঃ ॥ ১৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.65.15 in Gujarati sript:
કથં ધર્મં ચરેયુસ્તે સર્વે વિષયવાસિનઃ ।
મદ્વિધૈશ્ચ કથં સ્થાપ્યાઃ સર્વે તે દસ્યુજીવિનઃ ॥ ૧૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.65.15 in Malayalam sript:
കഥം ധര്മം ചരേയുസ്തേ സര്വേ വിഷയവാസിനഃ ।
മദ്വിധൈശ്ച കഥം സ്ഥാപ്യാഃ സര്വേ തേ ദസ്യുജീവിനഃ ॥ ൧൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.65.15 in Telugu sript:
కథం ధర్మం చరేయుస్తే సర్వే విషయవాసినః ।
మద్విధైశ్చ కథం స్థాప్యాః సర్వే తే దస్యుజీవినః ॥ ౧౫ ॥

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