Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 9.20.27

पुत्रस्य तव चात्यर्थं विषादः समपद्यत ।
हतसूते हताश्वे च विरथे कृतवर्मणि ॥ २७ ॥

putrasya tava cātyarthaṃ viṣādaḥ samapadyata |
hatasūte hatāśve ca virathe kṛtavarmaṇi || 27 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...and with hooks and keen lances urged it forward against the car of the Pancala king, pointing it out to the infuriate animal. Beholding the animal rushing impetuously...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.20.27). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Putra, Yushmad, Artha, Vishad, Vishada, Hatasuta, Hatashva, Viratha, Kritavarman,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 9.20.27). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “putrasya tava cātyarthaṃ viṣādaḥ samapadyata
  • putrasya -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    putra (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • tava -
  • yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
  • cāt -
  • ca (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ya -
  • i (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
  • artham -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    artha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • viṣādaḥ -
  • viṣād (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    viṣād (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    viṣāda (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • samapa -
  • samapa (Preverb)
  • dyata -
  • (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • Line 2: “hatasūte hatāśve ca virathe kṛtavarmaṇi
  • hatasūte -
  • hatasūta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    hatasūta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    hatasūtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • hatāśve -
  • hatāśva (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    hatāśva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    hatāśvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • virathe -
  • viratha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    viratha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    virathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • kṛtavarmaṇi -
  • kṛtavarman (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 9.20.27

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 9.20.27 in Kannada sript:
ಪುತ್ರಸ್ಯ ತವ ಚಾತ್ಯರ್ಥಂ ವಿಷಾದಃ ಸಮಪದ್ಯತ ।
ಹತಸೂತೇ ಹತಾಶ್ವೇ ಚ ವಿರಥೇ ಕೃತವರ್ಮಣಿ ॥ ೨೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 9.20.27 in Bengali sript:
পুত্রস্য তব চাত্যর্থং বিষাদঃ সমপদ্যত ।
হতসূতে হতাশ্বে চ বিরথে কৃতবর্মণি ॥ ২৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 9.20.27 in Gujarati sript:
પુત્રસ્ય તવ ચાત્યર્થં વિષાદઃ સમપદ્યત ।
હતસૂતે હતાશ્વે ચ વિરથે કૃતવર્મણિ ॥ ૨૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 9.20.27 in Malayalam sript:
പുത്രസ്യ തവ ചാത്യര്ഥം വിഷാദഃ സമപദ്യത ।
ഹതസൂതേ ഹതാശ്വേ ച വിരഥേ കൃതവര്മണി ॥ ൨൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 9.20.27 in Telugu sript:
పుత్రస్య తవ చాత్యర్థం విషాదః సమపద్యత ।
హతసూతే హతాశ్వే చ విరథే కృతవర్మణి ॥ ౨౭ ॥

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