Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Verse 3.136

महीभुजो मदान्धस्य सङ्कीर्णस्येव दन्तिनः ।
स्खलतो हि करालम्बः सुशिष्टैर् एव कीयते ॥ १३६ ॥

mahībhujo madāndhasya saṅkīrṇasyeva dantinaḥ |
skhalato hi karālambaḥ suśiṣṭair eva kīyate || 136 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 3.136 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.136). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Mahibhuj, Madandha, Sankirna, Iva, Dantin, Skhalat, Karalamba, Sushishta, Eva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 3.136). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “mahībhujo madāndhasya saṅkīrṇasyeva dantinaḥ
  • mahībhujo* -
  • mahībhuj (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • madāndhasya -
  • madāndha (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    madāndha (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • saṅkīrṇasye -
  • saṅkīrṇa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    saṅkīrṇa (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • dantinaḥ -
  • dantin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    dantin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “skhalato hi karālambaḥ suśiṣṭair eva kīyate
  • skhalato* -
  • skhalat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    skhalat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    skhal -> skhalat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √skhal class 1 verb], [ablative single from √skhal class 1 verb], [genitive single from √skhal class 1 verb]
    skhal -> skhalat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √skhal class 1 verb], [genitive single from √skhal class 1 verb]
    skhal (verb class 1)
    [present active third dual]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • karālambaḥ -
  • karālamba (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • suśiṣṭair -
  • suśiṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    suśiṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kīyate -
  • ki (verb class 3)
    [present passive third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 3.136

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.136 in Gujarati sript:
મહીભુજો મદાન્ધસ્ય સઙ્કીર્ણસ્યેવ દન્તિનઃ ।
સ્ખલતો હિ કરાલમ્બઃ સુશિષ્ટૈર્ એવ કીયતે ॥ ૧૩૬ ॥

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