Yudh: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Yudh means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yudh (युध्).—4 Ā. (yudhyate, yuddha)

1) To fight, struggle, contend with, wage war; योत्स्यमानानवेक्षेऽहं य एतेऽत्र समागताः (yotsyamānānavekṣe'haṃ ya ete'tra samāgatāḥ) Bg. 1.23; Bk.5.11.

2) To conquer or overcome in fight. -Caus. (yodhayati-te)

1) To cause to fight.

2) To oppose or encounter in fight with; सा बाणवर्षिणं रामं योधयित्वा सुरद्विषाम् (sā bāṇavarṣiṇaṃ rāmaṃ yodhayitvā suradviṣām) R.12.5.

3) To vanquish, conquer. -Desid. (yuyutsate) To wish to fight. -With नि (ni) to wrestle, box. -प्रति (prati) to encounter in fight, oppose.

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Yudh (युध्).—f. War, battle, fight, contest; निघातयिष्यन् युधि यातुधानान् (nighātayiṣyan yudhi yātudhānān) Bk.2.21; सदसि वाक्पटुता युधि विक्रमः (sadasi vākpaṭutā yudhi vikramaḥ) Bh.2.63; Mb.5.23.2. -m. A hero, soldier.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yudh (युध्).—[(au) auyudh] r. 4th cl. (yudhyate) To fight, to contend in battle, to slay.

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Yudh (युध्).—f. (yut or yud) War, battle. E. yudh to fight, aff. kvip or ṭāp also yudhya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yudh (युध्).— (akin to 1. yu), i. 4, [Ātmanepada.] (also [Parasmaipada.], Mahābhārata 1, 7119). 1. To fight, to contend in battle, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 89; impersonal pass., [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 88. 2. To oppose, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 55. 145. yuddha, n. 1. The use of arms, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 162. 2. War, battle, [Pañcatantra] 87, 15. Comp. A-, n. 1. absence of war, Chr, 56, 14 (instr. without war). 2. not fighting, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 160. Kūṭa-, I. n. 1. a frandulent manner of fighting. [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 17, 69. Ii. adj. fighting fraudulently, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 22, 7. Dvandva-, n. single combat, Mahābhārata 7, 582. Comp. ptcple of the fut. pass. A-yodhya, I. adj., f. , not to be warred against, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 112, 47. Ii. f. , the capital of Rāma, the modern Oude, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 5, 1, sqq. Desider. yuyutsa, To desire to fight, Mahābhārata 4, 1252. [Causal.] 1. To cause to fight, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 193. 2. To defend, Mahābhārata 3, 639. 3. To oppose, Mahābhārata 2, 2120; to be a match for, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 74; [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 50.

— With the prep. ā ā, To oppose, Mahābhārata 3, 15645. [Causal.] 1. The same, 3, 15054. 2. To fight with, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 130, 5.

— With prā pra-ā, To fight, [Śiśupālavadha] 18, 32.

— With ni ni, niyuddha, n. Fighting, particularly boxing, Mahābhārata 1, 5340.

— With pra pra, prayuddha, n. War, battle. Desider. To desire to fight, Mahābhārata 3, 15646.

— With prati prati, To oppose, Mahābhārata 1, 7103. [Causal.] The same, 1, 7116.

— With sam sam. The same, 1, 3477 [Causal.] The same, 1, 7098.

— Cf. (cf. yudhma).

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Yudh (युध्).—I. f. War, battle, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 11. Ii. m. A warrior, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 57, 165.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yudh (युध्).—1. yudhyate yudhyati yodhati [participle] yuddha (q.v.) fight, combat, contend with ([instrumental] ±saha or samam) for or about ([locative]); fight (tr. [with] [accusative]), vanquish. [Causative] yodhayati, te cause to fight, fight (tr.), defend. [Desiderative] yuyutsati, te wish to fight with ([instrumental] or [accusative]).

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Yudh (युध्).—2. [masculine] warrior; [feminine] fight, battle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yudh (युध्):—1. yudh [class] 4. [Ātmanepada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxvi, 64]) yudhyate (rarely [Parasmaipada] ti; [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] yodhati, [Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa]; [imperative] yotsi, [Ṛg-veda]; [perfect tense] yuyodha, yuyudhe, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.; [Aorist] [Vedic or Veda] yodhi, yodhat, yodhāna; ayodhīt, yodhiṣat; yutsmahi; [Epic] yotsīs; [Classical] ayuddha; [future] yoddhā, [Mahābhārata]; yotsyati, te, [Brāhmaṇa] etc.; [infinitive mood] yudhe or yudhaye, [Ṛg-veda]; yudham, [Brāhmaṇa]; yoddhum, [Mahābhārata]; [indeclinable participle] -yuddhvī, [Ṛg-veda]; -yudhya, [Mahābhārata]),

—to fight, wage war, oppose or (rarely) overcome in battle;

—to fight with ([instrumental case], also with saha, samam) or for ([locative case]) or against ([accusative]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

— (yudhyati), to go, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska ii, 14];

—to move, fluctuate (as waves), [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā] (cf. [Patañjali on Pāṇini 3-1, 85]) :—[Passive voice] yudhyate, to be fought (also [impersonal or used impersonally]), [Hitopadeśa] ([varia lectio]) :—[Causal] yodhayati ([Pāṇini 1-3, 86]; mc. also te; [Aorist] ayūyudhat, [Mahābhārata]; [Passive voice] yodhyate, [ib.]),

—to cause to fight, lead to war, engage in battle, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

—to oppose or overcome in war, be a match for ([accusative]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

—to defend, [Mahābhārata iii, 639] :—[Desiderative] yuyutsati, te ([Parasmaipada] in Class. only mc.), to be desirous or anxious to fight, wish to fight with ([instrumental case]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.:—[Causal] of [Desiderative] yuyutsayati, to make desirous of fighting, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya] :—[Intensive] yoyudhyate, yoyoddhi (cf. yavīyudh) [grammar]

2) cf. [Zend] yud; [Greek] ὑσ-μίνη.

3) 2. yudh m. a fighter, warrior, hero, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

4) f. war, fight, combat, struggle, contest, [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yudh (युध्):—(ya, ṅa, au) yudhyate 4. d. To fight.

2) (ṭ, t) 5. f. War.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Yudh (युध्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ju, Jujjha, Joha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yudh in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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