Vijnanadvaita, Vijñānādvaita, Vijnana-advaita: 2 definitions


Vijnanadvaita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vijnanadvaita in Nyaya glossary
Source: A Critical Edition of the Khyāti Section of the Nyāyamañjarī

Vijñānādvaita (विज्ञानाद्वैत) refers to the “consciousness-monism” (theory), as discussed in the Khyāti Section of the 9th century Nyāyamañjarī (composed in Kashmir by Bhaṭṭa Jayanta) which represents an ontological, epistemological and linguistic study of classical Indian philosophy.—The latter part (Nyāyamañjarī II 505.1-519.11), which also contains other discussions relevant to refuting Buddhist śūnyavāda or the theory of consciousness alone, is included in the ninth āhnika as a part of his refutation of Yogācāra theory. The theor y that Jayanta criticizes there is called vijñānādvaita (consciousness-monism) or śūnyavāda (the view that consciousness lacks corresponding objects). Note that the term śūnyavāda is used to refer to Yogācāra theory and not Mādhyamika theory; Kumārila uses it in the same meaning in the Śūnya chapter of his Ślokavārttika.

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: International Journal of Jaina Studies: Haribhadra Sūri on Nyāya and Sāṃkhya

Vijñānādvaita (विज्ञानाद्वैत) or Vijñānādvaitavāda refers to the “(doctrine of) consciousness-only” (i.e., vijñāna-mātra).—The Śāstravārtāsamuccaya by Haribhadra Sūri’s is not a compendium of philosophical systems (darśana) but a comprehensive account (samuccaya) of doctrinal (śāstra) expositions (vārtā/vārttā) or simply doctrines (vāda). The Śāstravārtāsamuccaya (also, Śāstravārttāsamuccaya) is subdivided into stabakas, chapters or sections, for example: Vijñānādvaita-vāda—on the doctrine of consciousness-only (vijñāna-mātra) of the Yogācāra Buddhists

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