Vidarigandhadi, Vidārigandhādi, Vidarigandha-adi: 2 definitions



Vidarigandhadi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Vidarigandhadi in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vidārigandhādi (विदारिगन्धादि) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as having the virtue of subduing the action of deranged vāyu and pitta (bila). Plants from this group also prove beneficial in Śoṣa (phthisis), Gulma, Urdhaśvāṣa (asthma) and cough. It was originally composed by Suśruta in his Suśrutasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna XXXVIII, a classic work on Āyurveda. The name is derived from the words Vidārigandhā (Hedysarum gangeticum L. => Desmodium gangeticum) and ādi, translating to “first” or “commencement”. Examples of plants pertaining to this category include Vidārigandhā, Sahadevā, śatāvari, Bṛhatī, Jīvāka and Kaṇṭakārī. The collection of herbs named Vidārigandhādi is but one of the thirty-seven gaṇas (‘sections’) of such groups.

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

The drugs known as

  1. Vidārigandhā,
  2. Vidāri,
  3. Sahadevā,
  4. Vishvadevā,
  5. Shvadanstrā,
  6. Prithakparni,
  7. Shatāvari,
  8. Sāriva,
  9. black Sāriva,
  10. Jivaka,
  11. Rishavaka,
  12. Mahāsahā,
  13. Kshudra-Sahā,
  14. Vrihati,
  15. Kantakāri,
  16. Punarnavā,
  17. Eranda,
  18. Hansapādi,
  19. Vrishchikāli,
  20. and Rishavi,

form the group known as the Vidārigandhā-ādi.

The present group of drugs subdues the action of the deranged Vāyu and Pittam and proves beneficial in phthisis (Shosha), Gumna, aching of the limbs, Urdha-Shvāsa and cough.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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