Tarkashastra, Tarka-shastra, Tarkaśāstra: 9 definitions
Tarkashastra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Tarkaśāstra can be transliterated into English as Tarkasastra or Tarkashastra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Tarkshastra.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Tarka Sastra is a science of dialectics, logic and reasoning, and art of debate that analyzes the nature and source of knowledge and its validity. Sastra in Sanskrit means that which gives teaching, instruction or command. Tarka means debate or an argument. According to one reckoning, there are six sastras. Vyakarana is one of them. Four of the sastras are particularly important Vyakarana, Mimamsa, Tarka, and Vedanta.
There are several scholars well-versed in Tarka Sastras –
- Adi Shankara (788-820 CE),
- Uddyotkar (Nyayavartik, 6th-7th century),
- Vācaspati Miśra (Tatparyatika, 9th century),
- Udayanacharya (Tatparyaparishuddhi, 10th century),
- Jayanta Bhatta (Nyayamanjari, 9th century),
- Vishwanath (Nyayasutravrtti, 17th century),
- and Radhamohan Goswami (Nyayasutravivaran, 18th century).
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
tarkaśāstra (तर्कशास्त्र).—n (S) The science of reasoning, logic; or a logical treatise.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
tarkaśāstra (तर्कशास्त्र).—n Logic; a logical treatise.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
2) a philosophical work.
Derivable forms: tarkaśāstram (तर्कशास्त्रम्).
Tarkaśāstra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tarka and śāstra (शास्त्र).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tarkaśāstra (तर्कशास्त्र).—n. logic, Mahābhārata 12, 9678.
Tarkaśāstra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tarka and śāstra (शास्त्र).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tarkaśāstra (तर्कशास्त्र):—[=tarka-śāstra] [from tarka > tark] n. idem, [Mahābhārata xii, 9678 f.; Harivaṃśa 1506; Prabodha-candrodaya]
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Tarkaśāstra (तर्कशास्त्र) [Also spelled tarkshastra]:—(nm) (the science of) Logic; ~[śāstrī] a logician; ~[śāstrīya] logical, pertaining to Logic.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Tarkaśāstra (ತರ್ಕಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ):—[noun] the science which describes relationships among propositions in terms of implication, contradiction, contrariety, conversion, etc.; logic.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 14 books and stories containing Tarkashastra, Tarka-śāstra, Tarka-sastra, Tarka-śastra, Tarka-shastra, Tarkaśāstra, Tarkasastra, Tarkaśastra; (plurals include: Tarkashastras, śāstras, sastras, śastras, shastras, Tarkaśāstras, Tarkasastras, Tarkaśastras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Taittiriya Upanishad Bhashya Vartika (by R. Balasubramanian)
Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (study) (by A. Yamuna Devi)
The validity of Anumana (inference) in Nyaya system (by Babu C. D)
Glimpses of Ancient India < [January – March, 2001]
Buddhist Rationalism < [July – September, 1994]
Book Reviews < [January – March, 2003]
Anumana in Indian Philosophy (by Sangita Chakravarty)
Jnaneshwari (Bhavartha Dipika) (by Ramchandra Keshav Bhagwat)