Tapashcarya, Tapaścaryā, Tapas-carya, Tapakcarya: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Tapashcarya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Tapaścaryā can be transliterated into English as Tapascarya or Tapashcarya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Tapashcharya.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Tapashcarya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Tapaścaryā (तपश्चर्या) refers to “performing a penance”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.13 (“Śiva-Pārvatī dialogue”).—Accordingly, after Śiva permitted Pārvatī to stay by his side: “[...] On seeing her with perfect control over her sense-organs and engrossed in serving Him always, the lord mercifully thought. ‘I shall take her only when the last seed of ego goes away from her; when she herself performs a penance [i.e., tapaścaryā-vrata]’. Thinking thus, the lord of the Bhūtas reverted to meditation. The lord who could indulge in great sports became a great Yogin. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Tapashcarya in Jainism glossary
Source: HereNow4u: Jain Dharma ka Maulika Itihasa (2)

Tapaścaryā (तपश्चर्या) refers to “strict spiritual austerities” and is one of the topics treated in the Antagaḍadaśā (Aṃtagaḍadaśā) or Antakṛtadaśā, one of the Dvādaśāṅgī (twelve Aṅgas) of Jainism.—The Antagaḍadaśā consists of one Śruta skaṇdha, 8 Vargas, 90 chapters, 8 topics and 8 sub topics and limited discourses. There are about thousands of verses. Presently, this Aṃga Śāstra is of 1900 verses. Topics include strict spiritual austerities (tapaścaryā)

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tapashcarya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tapaścaryā (तपश्चर्या).—f (S) corruptly tapaściryā f Devout austerity; religious mortification.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tapashcarya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tapaścaryā (तपश्चर्या).—the practice of penance.

Tapaścaryā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tapas and caryā (चर्या). See also (synonyms): tapaścaraṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tapaścarya (तपश्चर्य).—f. mortification, Mahābhārata 7, 1280. Deva-caryā, f. worship of the gods, Mahābhārata 3, 11045.

Tapaścarya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tapas and carya (चर्य).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tapaścaryā (तपश्चर्या):—[=tapaś-caryā] [from tapaś > tap] f. idem, [Mahābhārata vii, 1280; Harivaṃśa 14907 f.; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Tapashcarya in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tapashcarya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Tapaścaryā (तपश्चर्या) [Also spelled tapaschrya]:—(nf) see [tapasyā].

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