Svakrita, Svakṛta, Sva-krita: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Svakrita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Svakṛta can be transliterated into English as Svakrta or Svakrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Svakrita in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Svakṛta (स्वकृत) refers to “one’s own action”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.42.—Accordingly, as Dakṣa bowed and eulogised Śiva:—“[...] The great lord has been wounded by me by the shafts of piercing harsh words. I have made the gods, who conferred blessings on me, very dejected. O Śiva, the helper of the distressed, Thou art greater than the greatest. Thou art favourably disposed to thy devotees. Thou art satisfied by thine own action (i.e., Svakṛta) of great value”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svakṛta (स्वकृत).—a deed done by one's self.

Derivable forms: svakṛtam (स्वकृतम्).

Svakṛta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and kṛta (कृत).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svakṛta (स्वकृत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Done or made by one’s self-performed. E. sva, kṛta done.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svakṛta (स्वकृत).—[adjective] self-done; [neuter] such an action.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svakṛta (स्वकृत):—[=sva-kṛta] [from sva] mf(ā)n. (sva-) done or performed or built or composed or created or fixed by o°’s self, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] spontaneous, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] n. a deed done by o°’s self, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Svakṛta (स्वकृत):—

1) adj. a) selbst vollbracht, ausgeführt: karman [Mahābhārata 1,] [?6427.Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 105, 32. 3, 45, 5.] tapas [5, 89, 38.] anaya [Mahābhārata 15, 288.] durṇaya [Kathāsaritsāgara 15, 50.] doṣa [Mahābhārata 5, 6004.] selbsterbaut: surasadman [Kathāsaritsāgara 25, 228.] pura [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 157. 5, 39.] selbstverfasst: grantha [6, 11.] stava [Harivaṃśa 7417.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 5, 70.] selbstgeschaffen: mahī [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 5, 32.] selbstfestgesetzt: samaya [9, 22.] vṛddhi [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 38.] — b) von selbst entstanden, natürlich: iriṇa [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 2, 5, 1, 3. 3, 8, 4, 5.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 5, 2, 3, 2.] —

2) n. eine selbstvollbrachte That: svakṛte kā nu śāntiḥ syāt [Mahābhārata 13, 2.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 75, 44. 6, 98, 29.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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