Shudh, Śudh: 5 definitions


Shudh means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śudh can be transliterated into English as Sudh or Shudh, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śudh (शुध्).—4 P. (śudhyati, śuddha)

1) To become pure or purified; (fig. also); मृत्तोयैः शुध्यते शोध्यं नदी वेगेन शुध्यति । अद्भिर्गात्राणि शुध्यन्ति मनः सत्येन शुध्यति (mṛttoyaiḥ śudhyate śodhyaṃ nadī vegena śudhyati | adbhirgātrāṇi śudhyanti manaḥ satyena śudhyati) || Ms.5.18-9.

2) To be auspicious, favourable, or eligible; तिथिरेव तावन्न शुध्यति (tithireva tāvanna śudhyati) Mu. 5.

3) To be made clear, have the doubts removed; न शुध्यति मेऽन्तरात्मा (na śudhyati me'ntarātmā) Mk.8.

4) To be defrayed or cleared; व्ययः शुध्यति (vyayaḥ śudhyati) Pt. 5. -Caus. (śodhayati-te)

1) To purify, cleanse, wash off.

2) To clear, pay off (as a debt).

3) To refine, filter.

4) To correct.

5) To acquit.

6) To examine, investigate, inquire into. -With परि, वि, सम् (pari, vi, sam) to be purified; रघुपतिरपि जातवेदोविशुद्धां प्रगृह्य प्रियाम् (raghupatirapi jātavedoviśuddhāṃ pragṛhya priyām) R.12. 14; Ms.5.64.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śudh (शुध्).—[(o, ḷ)ośudhḷ] r. 4th cl. (śudhyati) 1. To be or become pure or purified. 2. To be made clear, to have doubts removed. With pari, vi, or sam, To be purified.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śudh (शुध्).— (probably for original śvadh), i. 4, [Parasmaipada.] 1. To be purified, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 132; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 307. 2. To become pure, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 63. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. śuddha. 1. Pure, [Hitopadeśa] [distich] 78, M. M. 2. White. 3. Faultless, genuine, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] [distich] 30. 4. Innocent. 5. Acquitted. 6. Authorised. 7. Alone, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 88; only, mere, simple. 8. Whetted. n. 1. Pure spirit. 2. Rock-salt. Comp. A-, adj. impure, wicked, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 335. Ati-, very pure, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 198, M. M. Ptcple. of the pf. act. śuddhavant, f. vatī; nom. pl. vatjas, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 249, designates a holy text beginning śuddhavatyas. [Causal.] 1. To purify, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 282. 2. To explain, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 215, 4. 3. To examine, to investigate, [Pañcatantra] 42, 11. śodhita, Purified, excused, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 202.

— With the prep. pari pari, [Causal.] 1. To clean, to secure, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 31, 25. 2. To solve, to explain, [Gītagovinda. ed. Lassen.] 12, 28.

— With vi vi, To be purified, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 66. viśuddha, 1. Pure, [Pañcatantra] pr. [distich] 9. 2. Faultless, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] 21, 8; [Hitopadeśa] pr. [distich] 23, M. M. (vaṃśa-, regarding, the bambu, of which it is made, viz. a bow). 3. White, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 34. 4. Corrected. 5. Pious, virtuous. 6. Humble, modest. 7. Settled, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 201. Comp. A-, adj. wicked, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 315. [Causal.] To purify, Mahābhārata 3, 15979.

— With sam sam, saṃśvddha, 1. Purified, expiated, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 6, 45. 2. Clean. 3. Refined. 4. Acquitted (as a debt, or of a crime). [Causal.] 1. To purify, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 89. 2. To secure, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 185. 3. To cover (as expenses), Mahābhārata 2, 204. 4. To examine, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 219.

— Cf. śundh; probably [Latin] castus, [Old High German.] haitar, screnus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śudh (शुध्).—śundh, [participle] śuddha (q.v.), śundhati, [participle] śuddha (q.v.), śundhate purify, [Middle] mostly [intransitive] or refl.; śudhyati (te) become pure or clear, be justified or excused. [Causative] śodhayati purify (also śundhayati); mend, correct; wash or clear off, remove (what is impure or noxious); pay back, restore; examine, try; acquit, justify; make clear, explain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śudh (शुध्):—or śundh [class] 1. [Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha iii, 37]) śundhati, te ([imperative] śunddhi, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]; [perfect tense] śuśundha [Aorist] aśundhīt [future] śundhitā, śundhiṣyati [grammar]),

—to purify ([Ātmanepada] ‘one’s self’, become or be pure), [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra];—[class] 4. [Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxvi, 82]) śudhyati (mc. also te; [perfect tense] śuśodha [Aorist] aśudhat [future] śoddhā, śotsyati, [infinitive mood] śoddhum [grammar]),

—to be cleared or cleansed or purified, become pure ([especially] in a ceremonial sense), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to become clear or free from doubts, [Rāmāyaṇa; Mṛcchakaṭikā];

—to be cleared or excused from blame, to be excusable, [Kathāsaritsāgara] :—[Passive voice] śudhyate ([Aorist] aśodhi) [grammar]:

—[Causal] śundhayati, to clear, purify, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā];

śodhayati ([Aorist] aśūśudhat), to purify ([especially] in a ceremonial sense), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc. etc.;

—to correct, improve, [Yājñavalkya [Scholiast or Commentator]];

—to remove (impurity or anything noxious), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to clear off, pay (debts), [Rājataraṅgiṇī; Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti];

—to acquit, exculpate, justify, [Manu-smṛti; Kāmandakīya-nītisāra];

—to put to test, [Kathāsaritsāgara];

—to try, examine, [Pañcatantra; Yājñavalkya [Scholiast or Commentator]];

—to make clear, explain, [Vedāntasāra; Madhusūdana];

—to subtract, [Gaṇitādhyāya] :—[Desiderative] śuśutsati, [Nidāna-sūtra] :—[Intensive] śośudhyate, śośoddhi [grammar]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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