Shubhamuhurta, Śubhamuhūrta, Shubha-muhurta: 3 definitions


Shubhamuhurta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śubhamuhūrta can be transliterated into English as Subhamuhurta or Shubhamuhurta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shubhamuhurta in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śubhamuhūrta (शुभमुहूर्त) or Sumuhūrta refers to an “auspicious hour”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.18. Accordingly as Brahmā said to Śiva:—“[...] O bull-emblemed God, hear what my son told me regarding Satī. Rest assured that what you wanted to achieve has been achieved. Dakṣa has said: ‘[...] Let Him come to me in an auspicious conjunction of stars [viz., Sumuhūrta]. Then, O Brahmā, I shall offer my daughter to Him in the form of Alms. O bull-emblemed God, Dakṣa has told me so. Go to his house in an auspicious hour [viz., Śubhamuhūrta] and bring her here.’”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shubhamuhurta in Shaivism glossary
Source: Himalayan Academy: Dancing with Siva

Śubhamuhūrta (शुभमुहूर्त) refers to an “auspicious time”.—Accordingly, “[...] the kindred science of Vedic astrology, revealed in the Jyotiṣa Vedāṅga, likewise is vital to every Hindu’s life. It propounds a dynamic cosmos of which we are an integral part, and charts the complex influence on us of important stars and planets, according to our birth chart. Knowing that the stars enliven positive and negative karmas we have brought into this life, in wisdom we choose an auspicious time, śubha-muhūrta, for every important event. An orthodox Hindu family is not complete without its jyotiṣa-śāstrī or āyurveda-vaidya”.

Note: Śubhamuhūrta (auspicious time) refers to a range of time when specified activities are most likely to thrive and succeed. See: muhūrta.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Shubhamuhurta in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Śubhamuhūrta (शुभमुहूर्त) or Śubhalagna refers to an “astrologically auspicious moment”.—Common householders could not afford the permanent installation of a water clock in their houses, for it needed the constant attendance of at least two people, one to announce the time when the bowl sinks and another to lift the bowl and place it again upon the water. But householders too required the water clock on special occasions like marriages, in order to know precisely the astrologically auspicious moment (śubhamuhūrta or śubhalagna, or simply muhūrta or lagna). Usually the Purohita who performed the marriage brought the water clock with him and set it up ceremoniously in the client’s house.

Cf. Edgar Thurston, Ethnographic Notes in Southern India, part 11, p. 565: “This form of time-measurer, made of half a cocoanut or copper, is still in use among native physicians, astrologers and others in Malabar. ... At the present day it is used on the occasion of marriage among higher Hindu castes. The Brahmin priest brings the cup, and places the bridegroom in charge of it. It is the duty of the latter to count the gadis (= ghaṭīṣ) until the time fixed for his entrance into the wedding-booth”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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