Sarvadhyaksha, Sarvādhyakṣa, Sarva-adhyaksha: 5 definitions



Sarvadhyaksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Sarvādhyakṣa can be transliterated into English as Sarvadhyaksa or Sarvadhyaksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sarvadhyaksha in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sarvādhyakṣa (सर्वाध्यक्ष) refers to the “great presiding deity of everything” and is used to describe Śiva, in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.15. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On arrival there, after paying respects to the lord [Śiva] with great excitement we lauded Him with various hymns with palms joined in reverence. The Devas said: [...] Obeisance to the original Prakṛti, the great presiding deity of everything [viz., Sarvādhyakṣa]. Obeisance to Thee the great Puruṣa, the great lord, the bestower of all”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous next»] — Sarvadhyaksha in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam

Sarvādhyakṣa (सर्वाध्यक्ष) refers to the “superintendent of everything”, and represent and epithet of Vāsudeva (Kṛṣṇa) according to the Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 8.3.13.—Accordingly, as Gajendra said: “[...] I beg to offer my respectful obeisances unto You, who are the Supersoul, the superintendent of everything, and the witness of all that occurs. You are the Supreme Person, the origin of material nature and of the total material energy. You are also the owner of the material body. Therefore, You are the supreme complete. I offer my respectful obeisances unto You”.

He is called Sarvādhyakṣa because everything in the material world works under His supervision. This is confirmed in Bhagavad-gītā (9.10), wherein the Lord says, mayādhyakṣeṇa prakṛtiḥ sūyate sacarācaram: “This material nature, working under My direction, O son of Kuntī, is producing all moving and unmoving beings”. [...] Lord Kṛṣṇa knows the destiny of all superior and inferior entities, animate and inanimate, and as the Supreme Absolute Truth He remains in His unique position above everything, as indicated by the word Sarvādhyakṣāya.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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India history and geogprahy

[«previous next»] — Sarvadhyaksha in India history glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sarv-ādhyakṣa.—(EI 24, 27; CII 3), literally, a general superin- tendent; probably, the chief minister or administrator; same as Sarv-ādhikārin. Note: sarv-ādhyakṣa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarvadhyaksha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sarvādhyakṣa (सर्वाध्यक्ष).—a general superintendent.

Derivable forms: sarvādhyakṣaḥ (सर्वाध्यक्षः).

Sarvādhyakṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sarva and adhyakṣa (अध्यक्ष).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarvādhyakṣa (सर्वाध्यक्ष):—[from sarva] m. a general superintendent, [Pañcarātra]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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