Sammukham, Saṃmukham: 2 definitions

Introduction:

Sammukham means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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[«previous next»] — Sammukham in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃmukham (संमुखम्).—adv. and postpos. (compare prec.; used in Sanskrit in somewhat similar but, it seems, not quite identical ways), (1) adv., in personal presence, without dependent noun: replacing adj. saṃmukha, q.v., with gāthā, as in ābhiḥ sārūpyābhir gāthābhiḥ °kham (note position, which is very exceptional but significant, proving that saṃmukham has no dependent) abhiṣṭutya Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 162.8; bhagavantaṃ °kham ābhir gāthābhiḥ…161.4; 166.4, and similarly 166.12; 170.6; 172.15; Lalitavistara 361.14; 362.19; 364.17; Mahāvastu iii.343.14 (read with mss.); Sukhāvatīvyūha 7.9; Bhaga- vatā (in Avadāna-śataka Ānandena) sārdhaṃ °khaṃ…kathāṃ vyatisārya Divyāvadāna 70.10; 619.1; Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 29.17; Avadāna-śataka i.229.2; saṃmukhaṃ me bhadanta Bhagavato 'ntikāc chrutaṃ °kham udgṛhītam Divyāvadāna 206.28, from the Lord in person I heard and received; the position of saṃmukham in this Divyāvadāna passage seems to prove that it is a pure adv., without dependent, also in bhagavato 'ntikāt °khaṃ śrutvā Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 69.7, and (with slight variations) 70.12; 100.2; 222.9; doubtless so interpret also śāstu saṃmukhaṃ śāṇaṃ pāṃśukūlaṃ pratigrahe Mahāvastu iii.54.15 (repetition 16), (Kāśyapa) received from the Teacher (probably abl., śāstu) face to face a robe…; (2) postpos. with gen., in the presence (of): so probably (compare s.v. saṃmukhā 1) bhagavato saṃmu- khaṃ pratiśrutvā °khaṃ pratigṛhītvā (so with 1 ms., Senart em. wrongly) Mahāvastu ii.257.15, having heard and accepted it in the Lord's own presence (but possibly from the Lord, in his presence, as in Divyāvadāna 206.28 above); bahudharmaḥ śruto 'smābhir lokanāthasya saṃmukhaṃ Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 70.3 (verse); naigamajānapadānāṃ ca °kham evaṃ saṃśrāvayet 108.8 (prose); me…°kham 342.1 (verse), in my presence; (3) with a verb of giving, to, with loc. or gen.: dadanti dānāni… jineṣu °kham Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 13.11 (verse), they give gifts to the Jinas; virtually same phrase with jināna °kham 13.14, and suga- tāna °kham 13.16 (verses).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃmukham (संमुखम्):—[=sam-mukham] [from sam-mukha] ind. towards, near to (atmanaḥ, ‘one’s self’)

2) [v.s. ...] opposite, in front or in presence of ([genitive case]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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