Pratyanta, Prati-anta, Pratyamta: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Pratyanta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Pratyanta in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Pratyanta (प्रत्यन्त) refers to the “border princes” (i.e., Mlecchas), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If, during the waxing moon, Mars should be eclipsed by a horn, the border (mleccha) princes [i.e., pratyanta] as well as wicked rulers will suffer; if Saturn should be so eclipsed there will be fear from weapons and from hunger; if Mercury should be so eclipsed there will be drought and famine in the land; if Jupiter should be so eclipsed eminent princes will suffer; and if Venus, the minor princes will suffer. As regards the waning moon the subject has been elsewhere treated”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Early Gupta Kings

Pratyanta (प्रत्यन्त).—The pratyanta countries specified are as follows: (1) Samataṭa, (2) Ḍavāka, (3) Kāmarūpa, (4) Nepāla and (5) Karṭripura. It will thus be seen that the pratyanta kingdoms bordered the Gupta dominions on the east and the north and that they were called pratyanta because they were on the frontiers of Āryāvarta. But on the west and north-west of these dominions were many tiny states which in this period seem to have been governed by various tribes of whom as many as nine have been named.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pratyanta.—(IE 8-4; CII 1), a state beyond the borders of one's territories; a land outside one's dominions; also its people; cf. anta. Note: pratyanta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratyanta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratyanta (प्रत्यन्त).—a. contiguous, lying close to, adjacent, bordering. (-ntaḥ) 1 a border, frontier; स गुप्तमूलप्रत्यन्तः (sa guptamūlapratyantaḥ) R.4.26.

2) a bordering country; especially, a country occupied by barbarian or Mlechchhas. °देशः (deśaḥ) a bordering country. °पर्वतः (parvataḥ) an adjacent hill; पादाः प्रत्यन्तपर्वताः (pādāḥ pratyantaparvatāḥ) Ak.

Pratyanta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms prati and anta (अन्त).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pratyanta (प्रत्यन्त).—adj. (= Pali paccanta), on the border, outside, outer: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.188.14 °tāni śayanāsanāni (= pra- tyantima).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratyanta (प्रत्यन्त).—mfn. (-ntaḥ-ntā-nta) Bordering, skirting, contiguous. m.

(-ntaḥ) The country of the Mlechch'has or savages. E. prati about, anta the end.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratyanta (प्रत्यन्त):—[=praty-anta] [from praty > prati] mfn. bordering on, adjacent or contiguous to, skirting, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a border, frontier, [Raghuvaṃśa; Lalita-vistara]

3) [v.s. ...] a bordering country id est. a c° occupied by barbarians, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) barbarous tribes, [Varāha-mihira]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratyanta (प्रत्यन्त):—[pratya+nta] (ntaḥ) 1. m. Country of savages. a. Contiguous, bordering on.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratyanta (प्रत्यन्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paccaṃta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratyanta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratyanta in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pratyaṃta (ಪ್ರತ್ಯಂತ):—

1) [adjective] being at the border, frontiner.

2) [adjective] close in distance; not far; near.

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Pratyaṃta (ಪ್ರತ್ಯಂತ):—

1) [noun] the border between two countries; frontiner.

2) [noun] the region along the frontier.

3) [noun] any of the foreign countries.

4) [noun] proximity; nearness.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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