Paritta: 5 definitions
Paritta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
A collection of texts taken from the Khuddaka Patha, the Anguttara Nikaya, the Majjhima Nikaya and the Sutta Nipata, and recited on special occasions to ward off illness and danger. The word paritta means protection. The Milinda Panha (p.150f) gives a list of the chief Parittas:
Ratana Sutta, Khandha paritta, Mora paritta, Dhajagga paritta, Atanatiya paritta Angulimala
(for particulars of these see s.v.; also Dial.iii.185).
To these are generally added, in the extant collection of Parittas,
the Mangala Sutta and the Metta Sutta.
The word paritta first occurs in the Culla Vagga (Vin.ii.110) in connection with the Khandha paritta, which was allowed by the Buddha as a watch, a guard, a protection for oneself, for the use of the Order. The occasion of the delivery of this general injunction was the death of a monk from snake bite. The Milinda Panha states (see above) that the recital of the Paritta had the Buddhas express sanction.
The collection of Parittas is, to this day, more widely known by the laity of Burma and Ceylon than any other Pali book, and is generally used in times of danger or of sickness, both individual and national. Thus, Sena II., king of Ceylon, made the community of monks recite the Paritta, and by sprinkling the water charmed with Paritta he made the people free from illness, and so removed the danger of plague from the country.
He also decreed that this practice should continue every year (Cv.li.80).
Kassapa V. is said to have had a Paritta ceremony performed by the three fraternities of monks to protect his people from danger and plague and bad harvest (Ibid., lii.80).
In the recent (1935) epidemic of malaria in Ceylon, monks were taken in carts through the badly affected areas reciting the Paritta and sprinkling water. The ceremony is held on most diverse occasions such as the inauguration of a new house, the starting of a journey, of a new business, etc. For a discussion on the Paritta see Dial.iii.180 ff.; also P.L.C.75f.
Bode says (Op. cit., 4) that in the days of King Anorata of Burma corrupt and cynical monks used the recital of the Paritta as an easy means of clearing mans guilty conscience from all wrong doing, even from matricide.
Buddhaghosa is mentioned (Cv.xxxvii.226) as having once attempted to compile a Parittatthakatha. Geiger (Cv. Trs.i.24, 3) calls this a commentary on the Paritta, but it is more probable that paritta is here used as an adjective, meaning short, concise, and that what is meant is a short or concise commentary on the Pitakas.
Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
F (Barrier, protection). Formula that is recited so as to bestow a general protection. There do exist several kinds of parittas. Notably, the paritta udaka and the paritta sutta:
The paritta udaka is meant for an effulgence of protection by means of water in direction of which the protective formula is being recited.
The paritta sutta is recited according to a procedure that is somehow similar, except that a thread is being utilised so as to disseminate the protection.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
paritta : (adj.) 1. small; insignificant; little; 2. protection; protective charm.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
1) Paritta, 2 (nt.) & Parittā (f.) (fr. pari+trā, cp. tāṇa, tāyati & also parittāna) protection, safeguard; (protective) charm, palliative, amulet Vin. II, 110 (atta° f. personal protection) IV. 305 (gutt’atthāya °ṃ pariyāpuṇāti); A. II, 73 (rakkhā+parittā); J. I, 200 (manto+parittaṃ+ vaḍḍhiṃ), 396 (paccekabuddhehi °ṃ kārāpeti makes them find a safeguard through the P.); IV, 31 (osadhaṃ vā °ṃ vā); Miln. 150 (f. & nt.).—Var. parittās in the way of Suttantas are mentioned at Vism. 414 (Khandha°; Dhajagga°: S. I, 218 sq.; Āṭānāṭiya°: D. III, 195 sq.; Mora°: J. II, 33). Cf. Dialogues III, 185.
2) Paritta, 1 (adj.) (BSk. parītta, pari+pp. of dā in short form *tta, like ātta for ādatta. The development of meaning however causes difficulties, paridatta meaning given up, transmitted, cp. Divy 388, whereas P. paritta means trifling. The BSk. form parītta (e.g. Divy 204, 498, 504; AvŚ I. 329; II, 137) may be a re-translation of P. paritta, which may correspond to Sk, prarikta, pp. of pra+ric, meaning “that which is exceeded, ” i.e. left (over or behind)) small, little, inferior, insignificant, limited, of no account, trifling Vin. I, 270; D. I, 45; M. III, 148 (°ābha of limited splendour, opp. Appamāṇ’‹-› ābha); S. II, 98; IV, 160 (opp. adhimatta); A. IV, 241; V, 63; It. 71; Sn. 61, 390 (°pañña of inferior wisdom, cp. Nd2 415), 1097 (id.); J. I, 221; Dhs. 181, 584, 1018, 1034 (cp. Dhs. trsl. 265, 269); DA. I, 119; KhA 133 (°dīpā the 2, 000 inferior islands), 176 (500 do.); PvA. 198; Sdhp. 251, 261. Synonyms: appaka, omaka, lāmaka, dukkha Nd2 414; catukka Nd2 415 (opp. mahā); appaka PvA. 48, 60; appama taka PvA. 262; ittara PvA. 60; oma SnA 347; oraka SnA 489; lāmaka SnA 347. (Page 426)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Paritta (परित्त).—adj. (= Pali id., = parītta, q.v.), small: LV 20.16 (so Lefm. with all mss.); KP 78.5, 7 (read parittaṃ for text pariktaṃ or, with dittography, pari- ktaktaṃ; separate from the preceding word, see abhy- antarita; Tibetan chuṅ ba, little).
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: Pari.
Starts with: Parittabha, Parittabhacakravartin, Parittabhachakravartin, Parittabhi, Parittaka, Parittana, Parittanakitika, Parittashubha, Parittashubhacakravartin, Parittashubhachakravartin, Parittashubhi, Parittasin, Parittasutta, Parittasuttaka, Parittavalika, Parittayaka.
Full-text (+34): Khandha Paritta, Parittabha, Suparitta, Mahamgata, Mangala Sutta, Moraparitta, Parittaka, Angulimala Paritta, Dhajagga Sutta, Tejodipa, Anuparitta, Khanaparitta, Oraka, Parittavalika, Nihinapanna, Appaharita, Dhajagga, Kataparitta, Parittasuttaka, Sakalika.
Search found 23 books and stories containing Paritta, Pari-tta, Parī-tta, Parītta; (plurals include: Parittas, ttas, Parīttas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Part 3 - Administering Paritta recitation (protective measure) < [Chapter 22 - Founding of Vesali]
Part 10 - Mahāvajira Insight Knowledge (Vipassanā-ñāṇa) < [Chapter 7 - The Attainment of Buddhahood]
Part 1 - The Āṭānāṭiya Paritta < [Chapter 39 - How the Āṭānāṭiya Paritta came to be Taught]
The Book of Protection (by Piyadassi Thera)
Appendix 1 - Protective Discourse To Angulimala < [Appendix]
Vipassana Meditation (by Chanmyay Sayadaw)
Introduction to Dhammasangani (by U Ko Lay)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Preliminary note on obtaining the gates of recollection and concentration < [Part 4 - Obtaining the gates of recollection and concentration]
Introduction to the eight classes of dharmas < [Chapter XXXII-XXXIV - The eight classes of supplementary dharmas]
Part 5 - Perfection of generosity < [Chapter XX - The Virtue of Generosity and Generosity of the Dharma]
Metta (by Ācariya Buddharakkhita)